The Baltic Region

2014 Issue №2(20)

Back to the list Download an article

Supranational Policy of Migrant Integration in the EU

DOI
10.5922/2079-8555-2014-2-8
Pages
100-112

Abstract

Integration of migrants is an intrinsic part of the modern life of almost all European states pursuing an active migration policy. This article sets out to identify socioeconomic and demographic conditions for the formation of a national migrant integration policy in the framework of implementing European directives. The study contributes to a better understanding of the mechanisms of efficient integration policy development. The article presents an overview of the major forms of social integration of migrants. The author analyses the existing sociological theories and concepts, as well as the practice of implementing supranational policies of integrating third country nationals in the European Union and its major aspects and mechanisms. On the basis of statistical data and with the help of correlation analysis, the author identifies the key factors affecting a country’s approach to the integration of immigrants. These factors were used in conducting a cluster analysis, which made it possible to identify four groups of countries. The study showed that, despite the large-scale and positive EU policy, due to differences in the socioeconomic and demographic development European states adopt different approaches to the implementation of migration policy in the field of integration. The author stresses that in the countries characterised by a tolerant approach to immigrants, the crime rate is much higher than in the states with a selective or poorly developed policy towards migrant integration.

Reference

1. Besporjadki v Velikobritanii [Riots in the UK], 2013, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, available at: http://www.rg.ru/sujet/4464/ (accessed: 19.12.2013).
2. Merkel' zajavila o provale mul'tikul'turalizma [Merkel said the failure of multiculturalism], 2013, BBC, available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/russian/international/2010/10/101016_merkel_multiculturalism_failed.shtml (accessed: 06.01.2014).
3. Mukomel, V. I. 2013, Politika integracii migrantov v Rossii: vyzovy, potencial, riski [Policy integration of migrants in Russia: challenges, potential risks], Moscow.
4. Pobedil Stokgol'mskij sindrom [Won the Stockholm syndrome], 2013, Expert, available at: http://expert. ru/2013/05/28/ pobedil-stokgolmskij-sindrom/ (accessed: 19.12.2013).
5. Sarkozi priznal proval mul'tikul'turalizma [Sarkozy acknowledged the failure of multiculturalism], 2013, Lenta. Ru, available at: http://lenta.ru/news/2011/02/11/fail/(accessed: 06.01.2014).
6. Latvia in the European Union, 2013, European Commission, available at: http://www.es.gov.lv/latvia-in-the-european-union (accessed: 15.01.2014).
7. Blau, I., Duncan, O. D. 2007, The American Occupational Structure, N. Y.
8. Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social committee and the Committee of the Regions— A Common Agenda for Integration — Framework for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals in the European Union, 2005, COM, no. 0389 final, available at: URL: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:
52005DC0389&from=EN (accessed: 17.01.2014).
9. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, 2011, COM, no. 0455 final, available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/ PDF/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0455&from=en (accessed: 17.01.2014).
10. Draft European Modules on Migrant Integration, 2011, Jule, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/ewsi/UDRW/images/items/docl_25494_793453556.pdf (accessed: 10.01.2014).
11. Esser, H. 2000, Soziologie, Frankfurt; N. Y.
12. Esser, H. 2004, Welche Alternativen zur ‘Assimilation’ gibt es eigentlich?IMIS Beiträge, no. 23, p. 41—60.
13. European Statistics Funds “Eurostat”, 2013, available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home/ (accessed: 02.03.2014).
14. Glazer, N., Moynihan, D. I. 1970, Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians, and Irish of New York City, Cambridge, MA.
15. Gordon, M. 1964, Assimilation in American Life: The Role of Race, Religion, and National Origins, N. Y.
16. Handlin, O. 1973, The Uprooted, 2nd ed., Boston, MA.
17. Index Integration and Migration, 2013, Mipex, available at: http://www.mipex.eu/sites/ default/files/downloads/mipex_iii_de.pdf (accessed: 01.02.2014).
18. Integration Fund — National actions, 2013, Europa. eu, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/financing/fundings/migration-asylum-borders/integration-fund/national-actions/index_en.htm (accessd: 16.01.2014).
19. Luxembourg: the occupational promotion of migrant workers, 2013, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living…, available at: http://www.eurfoound.europa.eu/ewco/studies/tn0807038s/lu0807039q.htm (accessed: 21.01.2014).
20. Migrant Integration Policy Index, 2013, Mipex, available at: http://www.mipex.eu/about (accessed: 16.01.2014).
21. Portes, A., Zhou, M. 1994, Should Immigrants Assimilate? Public Interest, no. 116 (Summer), p. 1—17.
22. Portes, A., Borocz, J. 1989, Contemporary Immigration: Theoretical Perspectives on Its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation, International Migration Review, no. 23, p. 606—630.
23. Using EU Indicators of Immigrant Integration, 2013, European Commission, available at: http://ec.europa.eu/ewsi/UDRW/images/items/docl_37216_243039941.pdf (accessed: 18.12.2013).