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Высшее воплощение разума – наука
Иван Петрович Павлов

DOI-генератор Поиск по DOI на Crossref.org

Страны Прибалтики на пути к экономике замкнутого цикла

Автор Григорян А. А., Бородавкина Н. Ю.
DOI 10.5922/2074-9848-2017-3-1
Страницы/Pages 7-22
Статья Загрузить
Ключевые слова экономика замкнутого цикла, переработка мусора, сырье, стратегия национального развития, устойчивое развитие
Keywords circular economy, recycling, and raw materials, national development strategy, sustainable development strategy
Аннотация Экономика замкнутого цикла становится предметом широкого круга исследований не только в европейских государствах, но и во всем мире. Эксперты рассматривают ее в качестве потенциальной стратегии развития общества, которая сможет повысить благосостояние, ослабляя при этом зависимость государств от сырья и энергии. Многие предприниматели видят в циклической экономике путь к активизации экономического роста и увеличению прибыли. Правительства многих стран активно участвуют в обсуждении вопросов привлекательности перехода к экономике замкнутого цикла, ее влияния на количество рабочих мест, экономический рост и окружающую среду. Цель настоящей работы — изучить основные задачи экономики замкнутого цикла, проследить ее основные выгоды, а также проанализировать уровень трансформации экономики стран Прибалтики в циклическую. На данный момент страны Прибалтики недостаточно активно используют возможности циклической экономики. Например, показатели Латвии, Литвы и Эстонии по переработке мусора значительно уступают другим европейским государствам. Преимущественно это связано с тем, что данные государства во многом зависят от европейских фондов софинансирования. Увеличение финансирования будет способствовать внедрению технологий экономики замкнутого цикла.
Abstract (summary) Circular economy has been studied extensively both in Europe and worldwide. It is largely viewed as a potential strategy for societal development, aimed to increase prosperity while reducing dependence on raw materials and energy. Many businesses regard circular economy as a way to enhance economic growth and increase profits. Governments across the world actively engage in the discussion about the benefits of a transition to a circular economy and about its impact on employment, economic growth, and the environment. This paper aims to study the major issues of circular economy, to identify its advantages, and to offer an insight into the transition stage the Baltic States are undergoing today on their way to circular economy. It is stressed that the Baltic countries are not fully using the opportunities offered by a circular economy. For example, Latvia’s, Lithuania’s, and Estonia’s recycling rates are significantly below those of other European countries. The Baltics depend heavily on EU financial support. An increase in funding will contribute to the implementation of circular economy technologies.
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