Балтийский регион

2013 №4(18)

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Потенциал для расширения сотрудничества между судостроительными кластерами Эстонии, Финляндии и Северо-Запада России

DOI
10.5922/2074-9848-2013-4-6
Страницы / Pages
81-99

Аннотация

Судостроительные кластеры в регионе Восточной Балтики — в Эстонии, Финляндии и на Северо-Западе России — могли бы, по всей вероятности, извлечь значительную выгоду из активизировавшегося сотрудничества между странами. Однако до сих пор международные связи между кластерами остаются довольно ограниченными. Цель данной статьи — анализ предпосылок для интернационализации отличных друг от друга, но с практической точки зрения взаимодополняющих судостроительных кластеров трех стран. Статья представляет собой чисто теоретическое исследование, выполненное на основе данных, собранных из различных источников, включая статьи из журналов и СМИ, исследовательские отчеты, а также другие публикации. Результаты исследования указывают на то, что трехстороннее сотрудничество рассматриваемых кластеров имеет значительный потенциал в плане объединения различных областей знаний и опыта для создания многофункционального центра морского судоходства в регионе. Но реализация этой задачи связана с многочисленными трудностями, обусловленными в основном различиями структур кластеров трех стран и этапов их развития. Результаты проведенного исследования изложены в таблице.

Abstract

The shipbuilding industry clusters in the Eastern Baltic Sea region, i. e. Estonia, Finland and North-West Russia, may benefit significantly from increased mutual cooperation; however, the international networks between the clusters are still poorly developed. The aim of this article is to analyse the preconditions for cluster internationalization between these clusters, which are rather different but complementary in terms of skills. The research material for this desk study was collected from various sources, including journal articles, media, research reports, and other publications. The results of the study indicate that the increasing cooperation within the triangle of these clusters has a significant potential in terms of combining different areas of expertise and creating a multidimensional maritime industry hub in the region. However, differences in the cluster structure and development stages lead to certain difficulties in achieving these objectives. In conclusion, the authors identify the factors both facilitating and inhibiting networking between the three clusters. This study provides a platform for further research focusing on the factors identified and gives ideas for public discussion on increased inter-cluster cooperation.

Список литературы

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