IKBFU's Vestnik

The humanities and social science

Philosophy

Eurasianism in the history of Russian thought and Father Georgy Florovsky

Abstract

This article emphasises the extinction of the classical Euroasian doctrine, which, however, did not become a theoretically substantiated and integral one. This process was hindered, according to G. Florovsky, both by the variety of its genealogical sources, and the attempts of Euroasians to combine scientific-philosophical provisions with ideological attitudes.

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The anarchist philosophy of Alexei Borovoy (on the history of Russian Bergsonianism)

Abstract

The anarchist philosophy of Alexey Borovoy was developed under the influence of Henri Bergson’s intuition concept. Borovoy brought together the ideas proposed by Bergson, Bakunin, and Sorel. He combined the theory of anarchism and the practice of revolutionary syndicalism. Bergson’s ideas of liberty, creativity, irrationalism, and personalism underlie Borovoy’s anarchist philosophy.

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Anthropological ideas of Immanuel Kant and the problem of interreligious conflicts in the modern society

Abstract

This article analyses Kant's anthropological ideas, his interpretation of affections and passions of human soul. It is claimed that everything that is inconsistent with reason, including passions and affections, should play a secondary, subordinate role in religion. Religious conflicts should be resolved through an appeal to universal moral values and the decrease in the pressure of religion ideology components that are not directly related to morality.

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The democratic aspects of the notions of "general will" in the social philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and Sergey Gessen

Abstract

This article analyses the interrelation between general will and democracy in the philosophical systems of J.-J. Rousseau and I. Kant, their influence on the concept of general will, and its connection with democracy in the philosophy of S. Gessen. The author compares the classical system of division of powers, supported by J.-J.Rousseau and I. Kant, and the new system proposed by S. Gessen.

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The philosophical aspects of graphical diagnostics

Abstract

This paper offers a philosophical analysis of graphic tests, which have become predominant recently. Drawing tests, as a model of hierarchical interrelations and inversions in the psychic structure, are an important object of philosophical research. By means of this model, we can learn a lot about hierarchical systems. The author relied on the presence of a hierarchical system in human activity stated by the great Russian physiologist Nikolai Bernstein.

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The phenomenon of globalization and the problem of cultural diversity of society

Abstract

This article considers the phenomenon of globalisation. The author analyses the content and perspectives of this phenomenon in various aspects with particular emphasis on cultural aspects and stresses the need for cultural diversity in the framework of the sustainable development of society in the context of the systematic and synergetic approaches. Special attention is paid to the role of education in preserving cultural diversity.

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The existential strategies of the power over things: labour, acquisitiveness, adventure

Abstract

Using the concept of «power over things», this article describes human experience in the ownership,management and disposal of things. The diversity of this experience manifests itself in the existential strategies of power over things distinguished by the author — labour, adventures and acquisitiveness. The suggested line of analysis extends the field of meanings and prospects of philosophical research on power, including that involving the comprehension of power in the life of a human being.

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The phenomenon of cult interaction

Abstract

This article considers the problems of cult reality development. The author believes that cult is an inversion system of interaction of the cult object and cult consciousness. Inversion in cult reality is a process of special decoding of intersubjective reality, in which cult status serve as both a structure and a function of reality.

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Political and social sciences

Political interests in the context of political diversity in the Russian Federation

Abstract

This article addresses the problem of the realisation of political interests in the Russian Federation in the context of political diversity stipulated in the Constitution. The author distinguishes the social groups of political process actors, analyses their current state, and formulates the problems and possibilities of the realisation of their political interests.

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Key features of organisational leadership in governmental executive bodies

Abstract

This article analyses the problems of organizational leadership in executive bodies. The author considers leadership-based management on the basis of the reforming leadership concept and establishes the dependence of factors defining the category of leadership on the status characteristics of the agent and object of management.

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The open method of coordination as a new form of governance: features, characteristics, prospects of application

Abstract

This article is dedicated to the new form of governance — the open method of coordination — in the EU system of governance. This method is considered in the framework of the ‘new governance’ approach as opposed to the Community Method. The author justifies new modes of governance, offers their key characteristics and outlines their possible ways of development.

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The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation: Optimistic future!

Abstract

Since the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the relations within the USA-USSRChina triangle had strong influence on the whole system of international relations. The turnaround in Russian-Chinese relations from sharp confrontation in the Soviet era to current rapprochement, which started to take shape after the collapse of the Soviet Union, became a significant factor in world politics. The gradual strengthening of ties between Beijing and Moscow stood out against the background of tensions
in Russian-American and Chinese-American relations at the end of George W. Bush presidency. However, as President Obama came to office, it became evident that the US seeks to adjust its foreign policy towards more pragmatism and flexibility in its relations with Russia and China.

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The problem of empirical data validity in qualitative research

Abstract

A study on the problems of social family-genetic memory may contain various mistakes made by senior respondents when recalling events of the past. The analysis of empirical data should take into account such memory-related mistakes. The interpretation of empirical data requires a special approach.

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The content and vectors of the reforms in the higher education system of modern China

Abstract

This article presents the results of research on the reforming of higher education system in modern China.The article aims to analyse the institution of public higher education in order to develop guidelines on employing the positive Chinese experience in the modernization of higher education in Russia. In conclusion, the author offers multiple-factor models of the education process management.

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History

Library collections and publishing according to Pliny the Younger

Abstract

In Rome, libraries played the role of cultural centres and were closely linked with publishing. The latter was a subject of correspondence between Pliny the Younger and Suetonius. The way to the birth of a book is complicated: writing, recitation, reference-review, and proofreading. Donation was one of the ways to build up library collections. The copyright was not known to Rome. A book was treated as an intellectual value. Pliny the Younger became the founder of a society of devotees of certain literature works and historical subjects in the 1st century AD.

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Russian workers in Eastern Prussia in the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century

Abstract

This article analyses the position of labour migrants from Russia in East Prussia in the end of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th century. The author considers legal and economic assistance provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Empire to its citizens on the basis of recently discovered reports of Russian consuls in Königsberg.

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«Political banditism» at the north-western border of the Soviet state in the 1920s

Abstract

This article deals with the profound changes in the political, social and economic spheres in the USSR that resulted from the growth of oppositional attitudes and banditism in the country. These circumstances led to the necessity to increase the efficiency of the State Political Directorate.

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The problems of the development of political democracy in Russia in the period of diarchy (February — October 1917)

Abstract

This article considers the formation of the new democratic dynamics in Russia in February-October, 1917. The author focuses on the forms of the participation of population in the establishment of new political regime, the activity of political parties and local government bodies and attempts to build an optimal model of the formation of a republic in the conditions of diarchy.

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