IKBFU's Vestnik

The humanities and social science

Regional Economy

On Essence and Correlation of "Region" and "International", "Transnational", and "Transboundary" Region Concepts

Abstract

The authors suggest differentiating between integral and industrial zoning. Correspondingly, regions (integral regions) and industrial regions are distinguished within a state. The interaction of several states results in the emergence of transnational regions, while the development of mutual connections between international regions brings to the formation of transboundary regions. Regions, including international (transboundary and
transnational) ones have a certain hierarchy but, unlike national regions that cover the whole territory of a state, same-levelled international regions do not encompass the whole world.

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On Economic Asymmetry in Russia

Abstract

This article focuses on the issues of asymmetric regional development in Russia, which manifests itself in the considerable disparity between the productivity of regional economies. The research on the correlation between gross regional product and per capita taxable capacity in the constituents of RF conducted in 2000 and 2007 revealed the disproportions of both objective economic parameters and redistribution relations in the framework of interbudget relations system. The analysis conducted allows outlining the methods of financial and economic mechanisms development aimed at the equalisation of socioeconomic development.

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Methodological Approaches to Regional Studies: Formation of Strategic Objectives

Abstract

This article considers methodological approaches to regional studies, in particular, functional, system, organisational, and strategic ones. The author determines the properties and concepts of a region as an agent of the development and formation of strategic objectives.

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On Sources and Mechanisms of Coastal Area Self-development

Abstract

This article analyses the sources and mechanisms of economic self-development of coastal border territories. The example of the Kaliningrad region proves that the main internal catalyst of regional economic development is entrepreneurship functioning on the basis of genetic-cultural determination. The author comes to the conclusion that an efficient regional economic policy aimed at the increase in the region’s competitiveness should rest, first of all, on the development of intellectual capital and the corresponding human capital, the revival and strengthening of the economic role of technocracy and small innovative enterprises.

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Systematisation of Objectives and Efficiency Indicators of Regional Executive Authority

Abstract

This article considers the problem of regional governance improvement. The author systematises the objectives of regional supreme executive authorities and examines the set of indicators for assessing the performance of regional governments. An algorithm of the calculation of efficiency indicators and criteria of their estimation are offered in the article.

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Economic and Demographic Forecast and Prospects of Human Resource Endowment of the Kaliningrad Region’s Economy

Abstract

The limited reproduction of labour power and difficulties in the attraction of a considerable amount of additional workforce from other regions or
neighbouring states bring about the need for the transition of regional economy to intensive development by means of innovation, increase in labour efficiency, cross-industry redistribution of labour force and exploiting the local resources of unemployed population.

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Regional Entrepreneurship

Peculiarities of Transboundary Cooperation between the Kaliningrad Region’s Business Entities

Abstract

This article reveals various aspects of regional transboundary cooperation including foreign trade, investment climate, and implementation of transboundary infrastructure projects financed by European funds. The analysis conducted is based on the results of transboundary cooperation with the participation of Kaliningrad business entities. The author considers the impact of economic crisis on transboundary interaction.

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Instrumental and Informational Methods in Economics

Assessment of Alternatives of Organisation’s Strategic Potential Development by Method of Analytic Hierarchy Process (HPA)

Abstract

This article analyses the decision-making process in the field of formation and development of organisations’ potential and justifies the application of Analytic Hierarchy Process. The author considers the key stages of the implementation of this method and evaluates the advantages of its application in comparison to other multicriteria alternative assessment methods.

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Innovations and Investment

Assessment of Innovation and Investment Activity in the Region

Abstract

The concept of regional innovation system builds upon prospective innovation and takes into account the subsystem generating the knowledge that regulates the context and enterprises in regional innovation activity. This article considers the importance of innovation-investment activity evaluation for the construction of regional innovation systems, technological development of the economy, more efficient knowledge distribution,
and the formation of competitive advantages.

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Theoretical Framework of Managing Logistical Support to Local Divisions of Law Enforcement Agencies

Abstract

This article examines the system of logistical support to Kaliningrad regional law enforcement agencies as an object of regional governance, points out the basic principles and functions of regional administration, and analyses the principle of selected jurisdiction based on every administration agent vested with strictly defined and legitimate functions, provided the corresponding resources and their sources are legislatively determined for each function.

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Development of Legal Regulation of Social Relations

Taxation of Special Economic Zone Residents in Russia: Legal Issues

Abstract

This article deals with the system of taxes paid by the residents of special economic zones, tax benefits provided to the residents, and the application of special rules and tax payments procedures in special economic zones on the territory of Russia. The author pays attention to the imperfections of certain legislative formulations decreasing the efficiency of legal regulations.

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Property Right and Expropriation in Proceedings of the European Court of Human Rights

Abstract

This article analyses property right protection in the framework of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and gives the definition of property subject to protection from offences according to the Article 1 of the Protocol No. 1 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and frames the concept of expropriation and its types. The author focuses on the de facto expropriation phenomenon.

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