IKBFU's Vestnik. SER. PHILOLOGY, PEDAGOGY, AND PSYCHOLOGY

Linguistics

A. V. Makedonov and A. A. Palshkov. The history of an episto­lary (based on the correspondence stored in the Literary Museum archive of SmolSU)

Abstract

The article is based on the late 1975 correspondence between A. V. Make­donov, the famous Soviet critic, literary scholar and A. A. Palshkov, the direc­tor of Literary museum in Karl Marx Smolensk State Pedagogical Institute (currently Smolensk State University). The paper considers the history of pre-publishing preparation of an article containing extracts of N. I. Rylenkov's letters. Our analysis of the epistolary discourse has revealed a complicated situation characteristic of those years, when due to the efforts of the SSPI Chair of Literature a serious work was launched to thoroughly study creations of Smolensk poets listed by A. V. Makedonov as members of the Smolensk Po­etic School (the term itself was initiated by A. V. Makedonov as far back as in 1960), and particularly its "founding fathers" − M. V. Isakovsky, A. T. Tvar­dovsky, N. I. Rylenkov. Some points of A. V. Makedonov's article, which con­tained a selection of Rylenkov's letters brightly characterizing many Soviet writers and chronicles of the literary life of the 20th century 60s, caused a dis­cussion within the editorial board responsible for Smolensk collection. This discussion itself was the focal point of A. A. Palshkov's correspondence. The interlocutors' interpersonal relations as well as techniques of their academic debates in the epistolary discourse make an issue of great interest. The materi­als used in the article are new to academic publications.

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English and Russian evaluative adverbs

Abstract

The paper proposes an approach to determine correspondences between the relevant pairs of Russian and English evaluative adverbs. It has resulted in a list of Russian and the corresponding English pairs of adverbs. Chains of quasi-synonymous words linking the adverbs are constructed. An important feature of antonyms is the fact that negatively-oriented antonyms are marked with respect to the positive ones. The different methods for the determination of semantic metrics in the Osgood’s space are described. Usage of geodesic dis­tance between two arbitrary words enables introduction of unambiguous met­rics over the set of Russian (axes X) and English (axes Y) adverbs. Coordi­nates of antonyms and those synonyms which connect antonymous pairs are displayed in the two-dimensional English-Russian bilingual space.

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Linguistic Means of achieving coherence in the regional certify­cation documentation in the middle of the 18th century

Abstract

The article analyses the means of cohesion in documents of general char­acter. The research material is the mid-18th century certificates and passports kept in the «Ataman of Michailovskaya Stanitsa» Fund of the Volgograd Re­gional State Archive. It is established that the texts of certificates and pass­ports are different in their choice of cohesion means in the text. The certificates are characterized by a specific means of cohesion — the repetition of the names of the responsible persons in the initial and final paragraphs of the document. The specificity of the certificates textual modality makes them focused on an event in the past, which means that retrospect of the text is enhanced. At the same time, connectivity between text fragments is provided by anaphoric pro­nouns and deictic means. The peculiarity of the passport is that it is intended to present the document in the future and implies the availability of more in­formation, for this reason the passport texts are more narrative, and character­ized by retrospection and prospection. This implies a wider composition of the means of cohesion: lexical repetitions, pronouns in the cataphoric function, various deixis means, and discursive words.

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«Only when asleep you feel alive»: life and death in the Russian linguocultural consciousness (based on Russian proverbs and sayings)

Abstract

The article describes the set of maxims, revealing the attitude to life and death, typical for the Russian linguistic-cultural consciousness, on the basis of Russian proverbs and sayings. The author explains the specificity of these maxims, and provides an additional interpretation of several examples. In conclusion, the author explains the reasons for the general sense of pessimism of the Russians and reveals the fundamental intellectual basis for black humor in the analyzed linguocultural tradition.

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The poetics of Nikoli Kononov’s prose

Language — Speech — Text

‘Impersonality’ Category Expression in Russian, Polish and Bulgarian Poetry: Semantic and Grammatical Typology

Abstract

The article examines the means of expressing impersonality meanings in the works of contemporary Russian, Polish and Bulgarian poets. The author determines typological characteristics defining correlations between the lexical and semantic and functional grammatical categories of linguistic units in contextualised expression of impersonality.

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Pedagogy and psychology

‘Learned helplessness’ in older preschool children with arrested mental development

Abstract

This article presents the results of a pilot study into learned helplessness in preschool children with arrested mental development. The authors describe the testing of methods for studying a child’s behavior models and identify key characteristics of older preschool children with AMD, typical of learned helplessness. The features of emotional, cognitive, conative, and motivational deficiencies in preschool children with AMD are considered.

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Literary studies

‘Term memory’ and its varieties in the history of the genre nomination of English novel

Abstract

The history of interaction between romance and novel reflects the richness and originality of English prose and contemporary theoretical reflections about the novel as a free-form and the semantics of its terminological definitions. This was enshrined in the dual terminological definition of novel in English literary studies as romance (stressing its genesis from chivalry romance) and novel (nominating the subsequent genre transformations).

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Pedagogy and Psychology

‘Theory of mind’ in explaining verbal and cognitive dysfunctions in autistic children and its experimental test

Abstract

This article considers the main principles of ‘theory of mind’ as a cognitive theory explaining verbal and cognitive dysfunctions in children with autism spectrum disorder. The article presents some results of testing this theory through a psycholinguistic experiment that involved 16 students from special schools. It is concluded that, in the case of autistic children, it is more correct to speak of a deficiency, rather than a complete absence of a ‘theory of mind’.

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Literary alternatives

Scientific research of young scientists

“Ancient history” course as basis for acquisition of basic cultural, historic, moral and spiritual traditions of one’s country

Abstract

The article reveals the potential of the “Ancient History” academic course in getting acquainted with national history and culture that originated in biblical tradition. The author justifies the necessity of studying biblical history, using the results of harmonization of the Bible and contemporary scientific research.The Bible is considered as an important historical source.

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Literature studies

”What is the voice of truth?” The anagram in XVIII century French culture

Abstract

The paper explores the history of the anagram phenomenon in the French culture of the XVIII century. The author considers tendencies in the development of literature inherited from the Baroque period, including the practice of creating pseudonyms by anagramming and using anagrams in satirical poetry. The reduction of anagrams to the level of the language game and the secondary nature of theorizing are the characteristic features of this century, when a break with the esoteric traditions of the past eras occurred.

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Literary Canon: Some Aspects of Study

«Cultivate Your Garden»: Natural Existence Utopia of Enlightenment Man in Park and Garden Landscapes (on the Example of “Life and Adventures” by Andrei Bolotov)

Abstract

This article considers the realisation of the Enlightenment landscape utopia on the example of the analysis of the evolution of utopian ideas by Andrei Bolotov in his autobiographical work “Life and Adventures”. The author of the article outlines the destruction of ‘natural state’ of a human being by the realities of the ‘Iron Age’ that followed the Enlightenment.

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Litarature alternatives

Research of young scientists

A comparative analysis of health behaviour factors in children in the conditions of family education: Russian and American cases

Abstract

his article presents a comparative analysis of the factors of family education influencing children’s health behavior and life expectancy. The work is based on two empirical studies conducted in the U.S. (Utah) and the Russian Federation (Kaliningrad region), as well as the Republic of Belarus.

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Sports and healthcare technologies

A comparative analysis of physical fitness in students of Kaliningrad schools by age groups

Abstract

This article analyzes the monitoring of physical fitness of students of Kaliningrad educational institutions. The authors examine the indicators of basic physical qualities of students by age groups. The main trends and differences in the levels of physical fitness and development of physical qualities are identified. Indicators are considered by age group, separately for boys and girls. The results obtained make it possible to make recommendations regarding improving physical fitness in students.

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Research of young scientists

A comparative analysis of terminology of inclusive education

Abstract

This article examines the terms used to denote the category of persons with mental and physical impairments in the legal, psychological, and pedagogical literature. The author addresses the impact of the uses of these terms on the public perception of this social category. An attempt is made to classify the notions relating to persons with mental and physical defects in accordance with the conceptual – medical and social – models of disability:.

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Psychological and pedagogical studies

A comparative analysis of the development of intercultural sensitivity in university students under the conditions of multicultural environment

Abstract

This article presents a study into intercultural sensitivity on the basis of a student sample. The author conducted a comparative analysis of the development of intercultural sensitivity in students of two faculties. Special attention is paid to the need to introduce the ethnocultural component into university training programmes.

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