Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

2024 Issue №1

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Vocational education in Russia and China: the role of values in the transmission of experience revisited



Drawing on comprehensive historical data about the system of music education in China in the 1920—1930s, the authors focus on the relevance of professional pedagogical values for the successful transmission of professional experience. Examining axiological dimension of the intense pedagogical activity of Boris Zakharov (1887—1943), the head of the piano de­partment at the Shanghai National Conservatory in 1929—1943, we claim that there is direct continuity between the system of professional values implemented by him and the traditions of Russian piano education established by Anna Yesipova (1851—1914), one of the great pi­ano virtuosos of her day and a distinguished professor at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. It is demonstrated that the success of pedagogical activity of both Anna Yesipova and Boris Zakharov, as one of her students, is conditioned by the comprehensive realization of a wide range of professional pedagogical values. Attitudes, means, knowledge, qualities relevant for the educational process are shown to be subordinated to the main value — the need to provide the student with the knowledge and skills necessary to achieve maximum technical freedom for a full artistic interpretation of a musical work. A conclusion is drawn that the rich axio­logical potential inherent in the Russian piano education is one of the key prerequisites for successful cross-cultural transmission of experience in professional education.