The humanities and social science

2023 Issue №4

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Procedural and forensic ensuring the reliability of identification results



The article discusses the most significant issues of legal regulation and forensic support for the identification of living persons carried out within the framework of pre-trial proceedings. Empirical materials illustrating typical mistakes made during this procedure are provided. The authors also emphasize the necessity of working with the recognized individuals during the identification process. Examples of procedural and criminalistic errors in presenting individuals for identification in conditions that exclude visual observation by the identifier are examined. The essence of presenting individuals for identification is defined as an independent investigative action, the procedure of which is regulated by Article 193 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. The main characteristic of identification is identified as the recognition (identification) of the presented object. The conclusion is justified that this recognition is the procedural form of criminalistic identification.