Municipal development in modern Russia: a geopolitical aspect
The modern transformation of the world order and Russia's new place in it, which generates additional problematic situations and challenges for the country, initiate the "municipalization" of approaches both in socio-geographical, regional studies, and in the field of state regulation of spatial development. In the municipal theme itself, at the same time, issues related to geopolitics come to the fore. The article presents general theoretical ideas about the geopolitical aspects of municipal development (with the isolation of their content block directly related to "internal geopolitics"), their inventory and systematization are carried out (taking into account the special role of individual municipalities and their groupings in geopolitical processes, the general trend shift of the focus of political-geographical, socio-economic and ethnodemographic problems to the municipal the level, as well as the multidimensional influence of geopolitics on the situation of municipalities). Particular attention is paid to the determinants and problematic situations of municipal development in the Russian Federation in the context of its sharply aggravated conflict with the "collective West" and the actual transition to geostrategic multi-vector. A conceptual idea of "geostrategic municipalities" is developed, their main typological invariants inherent in modern Russia are characterized.