Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

2022 Issue №3

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On innovative segment of a lexical semantic field “Social policy”



This article is devoted to the description of lexical innovations in the lexical-semantic field “Social policy” in the Russian language of the recent period. The article examines a synchronous neogenic fragment of the field under study and presents a typology of innovations denoting newly appeared phenomena/concepts or the ones having an element of novelty in semantics and (or) structure. The innovations were selected from modern terminological dictionaries and journals of sociological and socio-political topics taking into account psycholinguistic, chronological, lexicographic and functional criteria. A significant part of the lexical innovations of the subsystem under study were found to be strong neologisms represented by borrowed lexemes and word-forming neologisms. Special attention is paid to the characteristics of phraseological combinations formed in the Russian context. Weak innovations in the vocabulary of social policy are represented primarily by semantic neologisms and verbal signs reoriented to the Russian linguistic reality. It is noted that a significant quantitative group of lexical innovations is formed by so-called thematic neologisms extracted from professional areas of human activity that were not previously associated with the social sphere. The mentioned innovations can be fixed in the language and acquire the status of common lexical units or are terminologized and developed according to the laws of the terminological system. The conclusion is made about the openness of the lexico-semantic subsystem of social management for new phenomena and at the same time about its tendency to remain traditional in word formation.