Typology of the dynamics of nature management systems in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries
Environmental and land management systems at the regional level are the main object of management at large. The scripts for developing management programs include analysis and assessment of the regional environmental management system and the history of its setup, identification of the main trends, development of the most rational scenarios for its development and correction based on monitoring.
The article considers the main provisions of the concept plan of regional nature management systems, characterizes polychronic elements, and proposes approaches to the typology of the dynamics of nature management in regions. The analysis of similar management systems in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries from 1910—14 to 2016—19 identified the main directions of the dynamics of nature management and proposed their typology. Synchronous multifactorial analysis of changes in the territorial and functional structure of nature management in the region made it possible to determine the factors that determine its dynamics. The most significant events which caused a radical transformation of the systems of nature management in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries include both World Wars, the economic crisis of the 1930s, government programs for economic recovery in the mid-1950s, the economic and political crisis of the early 1990s years and economic support programs that have been in effect since the early 2000s, sanctions and anti-sanctions.