Psychological health of senile men and women during the COVID-19 pandemic
The article discusses the issue of maintaining psychological health in men and women of senile age in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample consisted of 100 respondents aged 74 to 98, living in a family and in a nursing home. Negative characteristics of psychological health in men and women of senile age were revealed: low level of life satisfaction, low mental activation and emotional tone, high level of stress. A higher level of anxiety and more pronounced depressive tendencies were found in respondents living in a nursing home. The significance of differences was assessed using the Mann — Whitney U-test. The empirical results of the study led to the conclusion about the relevance of the development of preventive and corrective psychological measures in order to maintain the psychological health of the elderly. Psychological work must be targeted at depressive manifestations, situational anxiety, general neuropsychic tension, level of life satisfaction, general emotional background. The developed program will be in demand for reducing negative manifestations in the mental state of the elderly in the conditions of active modern social transformations, since mental reactions to dangerous situations are largely similar and universal.