The humanities and social science

2021 Issue №2

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Criminalistic characteristics of organized credit fraudster groups



Due to the rapid criminalization of credit relations and the widespread theft of bank loans, committed mainly by groups of fraudsters, the forensic sci­ence faces a serious problem of developing an effective method for investigat­ing crimes of this nature. The method must include recommendations for identifying signs of complicity, defining the group of people involved in the theft, their arrest and proof of guilt. At the same time, the research of this kind is impossible without the study of typical groups of credit fraudsters, describ­ing their main features, forming an idea of ​​the characteristic features of their illegal activities. This research paper focuses on the ways to solve the men­tioned tasks.

In this paper, the author gives a theoretically substantiated idea of ​​the characteristics structure of criminal groups, reveals the forms of complicity inherent in credit fraudsters, united by a single illegal purpose, and also dis­tinguishes between criminal associations whose activities are in various areas of credit relations.

Using the results of the study of credit fraud cases, the author describes the main categories of credit fraudster groups, names the features of their de­velopment and functioning and identifies the typical participants. The uniqueness of this research paper is that it is first to give the typology of credit fraudster criminal groups in the context of the intra-structural differentiation of relations within which such thefts are committed. The results of the re­search are intended to enrich academic understanding of credit fraudster groups. The results of the research paper can be used for further research of similar and related issues of the investigation of fraud in the field of credit, in practical investigation of such crimes.