The prejudicial significance of decisions in Russian judicial proceedingsAbstract
Prejudice is one of the most problematic procedural institutions. It substantiates the inviolability of the facts established by a judicial act that has entered into legal force. At the same time, the issue of the intersectoral nature of prejudice is relatively new for domestic science and requires close research, taking into account the specifics of various branches of legal proceedings. This issue is of particular importance in criminal proceedings, where the verdict can be based on the conclusions of the courts made in civil, arbitration or administrative proceedings.
This study focuses on the existing points of view in the academic papers, as well as in the law enforcement practice on application of the intersectoral nature of prejudice in the modern Russian criminal process and its limits. Comparative, analytical and historical research methods were used in the research. The author formulated the approach to solving the issue of the possibility and necessity of taking into account court decisions taken in the framework of civil and arbitration proceedings as an intersectoral prejudice in criminal proceedings. Intersectoral prejudice in criminal proceedings has its pros and cons. The institute of intersectoral prejudice in cases of economic crimes is rather special to apply and it is studied in the paper. The author considers the need for guiding clarifications of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation on the issue of the possibility and feasibility, as well as the procedure for using in proving the facts established by a court decision that has entered into legal force.