The humanities and social science

2021 Issue №3

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Models of endowing artificial intelligence with legal personality



The article discusses some problems related to the legal personality of artificial intelligence. The concept of artificial intelligence and its legally significant features, the ratio of artificial intelligence and robot are investigated. The purpose of the study is to analyze the main models of granting legal personality to artificial intelligence. The following research methods are used: comparative, analytical and historical. Results: The first model denies the possibility of granting artificial intelligence legal personality, within its framework artificial intelligence is not considered as a subject, but is considered as an object of law, which does not take into account the essential features of artificial intelligence. The second model boils down to creating a legal fiction by analogy with legal entities. The use of this model looks the most reasonable, since artificial intelligence and legal entities largely have economically significant characteristics, in addition, this model is most often used for atypical subjects. Within the framework of the third model, the identification of the legal personality of artificial intelligence with human is carried out. However, this position rests on significant ideological problems. The fourth model proposes to endow artificial intelligence with its own special legal personality, but there is no precise description of this model in the doctrine.