Center-peripheral dimension of innovative security in the Western border regions of Russia (the case of the Rostov region)Abstract
The article is devoted to studying the territorial patterns of the formation of an innovative space and ensuring innovation security at a municipal level. The geography of the study covers the municipalities of the Rostov region. The analysis of some indicators of innovative activity characterizing the level of provision of residents and small and medium-sized businesses of municipalities in the region with financial and information and communication services, supporting the entrepreneurial infrastructure and infrastructure of e-commerce. The focus is made on identifying differences between urban and rural settlements in terms of involvement in the innovation process. An assessment of the impact of agglomeration and coastal factors on the diffusion of innovations at the inter-municipal level is given: from the agglomeration center to the periphery and from coastal and conditionally coastal municipalities inland. The center-peripheral trends in the distribution of innovation activity in the Rostov region are considered. The conclusion is made that the center-peripheral divide, which has developed in the region, has a decisive role in the formation of the innovation space, while coastalization and agglomeration factors are complementary. The diffusion of innovations is more intensive in the conventionally coastal municipalities, which is true for both urban and rural areas. In the immediate coastal municipalities, a higher level of innovation activity is characteristic of zones where urbanization and agglomeration are combined, while in rural areas, the potential of the coastal position remains underutilized.