Crime situation as an object of criminal law and criminological impactAbstract
The article investigates the crime situation as an object of focus of criminological and criminal justice measures of crime prevention. The methodology of the research relied on both general scientific methods (logical and systemic methods, method of analysis) and the method of formal legal analysis for interpreting the norms of criminal procedure and criminal law. The author demonstrates the growing attention to the crime situation, and this awareness contributes to crime prevention both at the level of regular practice and the legislation. The situational crime prevention was chosen as the optimal theoretical framework for practical and legislative measures that affect the crime situation. The purpose of situational crime prevention is to neutralize or reduce the external factors which let the criminal commit crimes more easily and introduce some barriers to it (ensuring protection, limiting the availability of funds and tools) or reduce the benefits from the criminal act (identification marks, increased surveillance). Considering a number of drawbacks in the crime-mitigation practice, in particular, ignoring the causes of criminal behavior and totalizing control, the continuous assessment of such measures is seen as an effective solution.