Implementation of the INTERREG program in the Kaliningrad region and neighboring countries: a brief overview
As part of the study, the authors have considered the Interreg Programme as a tool for the cross-border cooperation development. The projects granted from «Russia — Lithuania» Interreg Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) Programme 2014—2020 and «Poland — Russia» Interreg CBC Programme 2014—2020 have been the research subjects. The authors have identified the most active actors of cross-border cooperation from the Kaliningrad region and the border regions of Lithuania and Poland and have compared the outcomes with the results of the previous Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) Programmes. The research has recognized the municipalities constantly participating in the projects, aimed at promoting social and economic development and strengthening international cooperation. The research objective has been to analyze and compare the results of the implementation of the CBC Programmes in different programme periods. It has singled out the tendencies in the cross-border cooperation development in the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation. The authors relied on the methodology based on a desk research analysis (literature review, the previous authors research and reports regarding the implementation of the CBC programmes) as well as a quantitative analysis and qualitative research methodology (interviews conducted with the project executors). Projects beneficiaries on the Lithuanian-Polish borderland in 2020 were also interviewed and it helped to compare the implementation procedures of the projects co-financed by the Interreg Programme: the projects on the Lithuanian-Polish borderland with the projects of the CBC programmes «Poland — Russia» и «Lithuania — Russia». The study also referred to the results of the official evaluation of the Interreg Programmes made in 2018 and 2019 on the other European borders. The authors themselves participate in implementation of cross-border projects so an observation method has been used as well.