Natural and medical sciences

2021 Issue №2

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Typoligocal diversity of the strongholds of Russian coastal bor­derlands: (theoretical and conceptual aspect)



In the late XX — early XXI centuries, the growth of marine activity is one of the most obvious and significant global trends. The multidimensional "turn" to the Sea is fully inherent in modern Russia. The article attempts to comprehend and conceptualize the effects of the spatial concentration of the national "marine" economy, as well as its complex formation and clusteriza­tion in the framework of the conceptual development of the "strongholds of coastal borderlands", understood as a special socio-geographical (economic-geographical and, at the same time, geo-economic, geopolitical) compact for­mation in the structure of the coastal zone. The essential features of the "strongholds" are identified, including its "focus", "amphibian", contact, cross-border nature, compatibility of structural elements, priority of infra­structure functions, conjugation with other similar "strongholds of coastal borderlands", geo-economic and geopolitical significance. The most important typological characteristics of the "strongholds of coastal borderlands" are em­phasized: "place" (position), "weight" (including the actual marine economy), functionality, and economic structure. Priority attention is paid to the dy­namic aspect of the typology-the grouping of "strongholds of coastal border­lands" in the dichotomy "stability-variability", "development-degradation". The conceptual and theoretical generalizations are illustrated by concrete ex­amples of the spatial dynamics of Russia's marine activity and the corre­sponding typological groupings of its "strongholds of coastal borderlands".