International organizations as a subject of international disasterAbstract
The international disaster relief represents one of actively developing areas of interstate cooperation, both at universal, and the regional level. It represents one of sustainable development goals of the UN (UN SDGs). This article sees its purpose in the analysis of activity of the international organizations in disaster prevention, development of idea on what the global mechanism of such prevention is about, and the role of the international organizations. The research used comparative, analytical and historical analyses. The author states that the international organizations actively participate in protection of the population and territories against disasters while implementing various programs and certain activities. Such work is carried out on universal (within the UN) and regional (ASEAN, CE, etc.) levels. However, there are certain differences between the regions in this sphere of cooperation are presented is non-uniform. The author reveals features and advantages of some of them. Activity of the international organizations in general in the field of protection against disasters promotes gradual growth of the independent branch of international law — international disaster relief law, by means of development of the basic principles and norms and practice of their application.