Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

2020 Issue №4

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Regional business letters of the mid-18th cen­tury in the aspect of genre parameterization



The relevance of the study is determined by the need to create linguistic corpora of historical sources — the acts and other documents of limited acces­sibility, which are kept in regional archives. The material for the work was the Mikhailovsky village ataman fund of the State Archive of the Volgograd Re­gion (SAVR, fund 332, inventory 1, files 1—158, 1734—1837). In order to deter­mine the speech markers of the document genre for its automatic recogni­tion in the corpus, the business letters of the mid-18th century were para­metrized. The study has confirmed that the Don Troops office documents con­tained in­formation on investigative matters. The speech markers are deter­mined by the communicative situation and the document form. They include a sender’s name, addressee, function, structure, the type of transmitted infor­mation, spa­tio-temporal localization of the document. Business letters are claimed to be a particular document type. The uniformity of their structure and insignificant variability in genre parameters realization enable automatic genre identifica­tion even if the document title is missing.