The humanities and social science

2020 Issue №2

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Resilience of cultural attitudes of local communities to risks: the «group / grid» model



The study focuses on the empirical test of the grid/group model applied to the actual perception of the environmental risks by the local community (the case of the potassium mine development in the village of Nivenskoe, the Kali­ningrad region). It tests to what extent the structure of the theoretically con­structed cultural types (hierarchist, egalitarian, individualist, fatalist) being reproduced within the structure of the cultural preferences of the local com­munities. Different scales are being analyzed and tested, the application of the two of them is proven to be good for measuring various parameters. An origi­nal methodology is being applied for the assessment of the cultural types con­sistency in intense communication. The authors give a statistical account for the consistency of the cultural attitudes of the respondents. Using factor anal­ysis, we compare theoretical presuppositions with empirically observed inter­connections between cultural types statements. Out of five factors which have been distinguished, three generally correspond to the theoretically constructed cultural types in their set of variables — hierarchist, egalitarian and individ­ualist, one for the mixed paternalist factor (manifesting features both of hier­archist and egalitarian types) and one less expressed anit-ethatist factor (ex­pressing some features of individualist type but not setting any fixed group ethos).