Factors of self-actualization of student youth in the context of cross-cultural interaction and the mastering of a macro-mediator language
The topicality of this pilot study is predetermined by the necessity to optimize cross-cultural interaction in polyethnic regions by means of revelation of its subjects’ sociological portrait. In this research, the author attempts to experimentally investigate the nature of cross-cultural interaction in mastering a macro-mediator language in the academic discourse. A scenario of the standardized interview has been used as a method of research. The scenario features various factors of personality self-actualization during mastering macro-mediator language. Among many topics discussed during the interviews, there were the following ones: “Existential orientation towards the present or the past / future”, “Aims and means of activity”, “Solidarity with society as a whole or with a particular group”, “Degree of autonomy / conformism towards cultural-group influence”, “Predominant focus on positive / negative experience”, “Detachment / involvement in the process of cross-cultural interactions”. Qualitative differences in the system of values of young representatives of the main ethnocultural groups of Crimea, Russians and Crimean Tatars, towards mastering the Russian language as a macro-mediator have been defined. Having analysed the data obtained during the interviews, the author described the following aspects: a) attitude to language’s norms and standards, their compliance and preservation; b) culturally defined functionality and the status of the language. The author revealed the correlation of the content of the examined aspects of self-actualization of respondents and their cultural and linguistic attitudes. The research demonstrated differences in the types of strategies for mediating cultural and linguistic environment. The identification of similarities / distinctions in the ways of self-actualization of the personality, most widespread in intercultural interaction, allows the author to forecast the pragmatics of the impact of various linguistic and cultural stimuli on the character of civilisational processes in multinational regions.
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