The Anglo-Saxon traditions in the educational system: educa-tion as a commercial enterpriseAbstract
Since the 1990s, especially after Russia joined the Bologna Process in 2003, Russian education has been adopting the key features of the US educational system, having acknowledged its greater efficiency in comparison to the Soviet one. Russian reformers, however, often overlook the substantial socio-cultural differences between the two countries. To understand whether it is prudent to adopt and copy in Russia either selected features of the US educational system or its goals and objectives, it is necessary to analyse the literature, to identify the key characteristics of the US educational system, and to track their evolution in the US pedagogical culture. This article examines a major tradition in the US education system — market-like behaviour. An attempt is made to analyse the historical background of traditions in US education and its market orientation. The study considers the critique of the latter feature by specialists in American education. It is concluded that, whereas the treatment of education as business and the commercialisation of education are historically inherent in US culture, copying and adopting these practices in Russia may cause irreversible damage.