IKBFU's Vestnik

2019 Issue №3

A level of being informed of population on questions of diabetes mellitus is basis of prophylaxis of disease

Abstract

The aim of the study is to facilitate informationally the social and preven­tive programs aimed at preserving and improving the health of the population. The study involved 563 respondents, residents of the Kaliningrad region; 22.2 % of them were men and 74.4 % were women. The age of respondents varies from 18 and older. The mean age of the survey par­ticipants is 39.8 years of age. The survey participants differently assess their level of DM awareness. Specifically, 48.9 % of respondents consider them­selves competent in DM, 44.4 % of respondents note lack of awareness, and 4.6 % of respond­ents do not have information regarding DM at all. Thus, accord­ing to the re­sults of the sociological study the population of the Kaliningrad region needs more information on diabetes. Raising public awareness of diabe­tes risk fac­tors and preventive measures, and especially giving this infor­mation to young people, is a necessary strategy aimed at preserving and im­proving the health of regional population.

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Modern aspects of diagnostics of compressional neuropathy of the median nerve in the carpal canal

Abstract

The article focuses on the examples of modern diagnostics of compression neuropathy of the median nerve in the carpal canal, because currently the unanimous assessment of the results during ultrasound and ENMG seems to be problematic. The purpose of the work is to propose a standard for the most effective algorithm for diagnosing patients with CCS. The study was per­formed on 98 patients examined in the Kaliningrad regional clinical hospital, the department of traumatology and orthopedics at the IKBFU Clinical and Diagnostic Center in 2013—2019. Diagnostics was performed on a Toshiba Aplio 500 ultrasound machine with a linear sensor of a scanning frequency of 7—14 and 12—18 MHz and an Acuson S2000 device, an 18 L6 HD sensor; electromyography was performed on a Wiking Quest Nicolet device. The age of patients ranged from 20 to 77. A standard for the diagnosis of patients with suspected CCS is proposed, which can significantly improve the quality of pa­tient examination and provide early diagnosis and timely adequate therapy.

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Development of musical hearing during education at different musical departments

Abstract

The article focuses on the neuropsychology of hearing and the impact of learning on the development of musical ear in various musical fields. The goal is to determine whether there is a difference in the development of tone and interval sound perception among musicians in different areas of study. Zero hypothesis (H0): The lack of dependence of the perception accuracy of sounds and intervals (absolute and relative musical ear) on the field of mu­sical training. Alternative hypothesis (H1): The accuracy of sound and interval percep­tion (absolute and relative musical ear) depends on the field of musical train­ing. Among brass and string instruments, a generally low percentage of mu­sicians have good musical ear. Findings. No dependence of the accuracy of tone perception (absolute music ear) between groups of musicians was revealed, the difference signifi­cance level between groups is p = 0.383; the highest indices in the interval perception of sounds are among keyboard players (85.71 %), the lowest are among the woodwind players (46.67 %); among vocalists, a higher percentage of tonal perception of sounds (absolute music ear) was observed when listen­ing to a musical instrument that is familiar to you — voice, but not instru­ments, the percentage of vocalists with good interval perception of sounds (relative music ear) is also high.

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