The Masonic Word: Types and Functions
In the sources that guide the Masons, and in the sources that they produce themselves, the term “Word” dominates in the meaning of a “text, an idea or a communicative unit”. This determines the importance of the research. Its purpose is to identify the characteristics of the perception of the Word by the Masons, that is, to discover the typology of the unit and its functions. To achieve the goal, the methods of semantic, contextual and communicative analysis were used, allowing in their totality to propose, prove and formulate a holistic perception of a structurally complex unit. The main results of the study include the following. Firstly, the the authors established the typology of the word: the Word of God, the Lost Word, the Master’s Word, the Mason’s Word, the Poetic Word Secondly, the functions of the Word were determined: identifying, conspiratorial, magical, creative, enlightening. Thirdly, it was stated that the Word in the perception of the Freemasons became an ideal, an object and a tool. At the same time, the instrumental function, that is, one’s own practice in the framework of the real world, implied a mystical desire for an ideal, that is, the Word of God, and rational and mystical knowledge of an object, that is, the Lost Word.
1. Мельгунов С. П., Сидоров Н. П. (ред.) Масонство в его прошлом и настоящем : в 2 т. М., 1914. Т. 2.
2. Папюс. Генезис и развитие масонских символов, или То, что должен знать мастер. URL: https://www.rulit.me/books/genezis-i-analiz-masonskih-simvolov- read-504845-24.html (Accessed 20 May 2019).
3. Радищев А. Н. Полное собрание стихотворений. Л., 1940.
4. Сахаров В. И. Миф о золотом веке в русской масонской литературе XVIII столетия // Вопросы литературы. 2000. № 6 С. 149—164.
5. Bailey F. The Spirit of Masonry. L., 1979.
6. Berean Study Bible The Creation (John 1:1—5) [Online]. URL: https://
biblehub.com/bsb/genesis/1.htm (Accessed 5 February 2019).
7. Bernard D. Light on Masonry: a collection of all the most important documents on the subject of speculative free masonry; embracing the reports of the Western Committees in relation to the abduction of William Morgan... With all the degrees of the order conferred in a Master's Lodge, as written by Captain William Morgan... with notes and critical remarks. Utica, 1829.
8. Biagetti S. The Only Universal Monarchy. Freemasonry, Ritual, and Gender in Revolutionary Rhode Island, 1749—1803. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences / Columbia University. N. Y., 2015.
9. Bogdan H., Snoek J. A. M. Handbook of Freemasonry. Leiden ; Boston, 2014. doi: 10.1163/9789004273122.
10. Bond M., Danezis G. The Dining Freemasons (Security Protocols for Secret Societies) // Security Protocols / ed. B. Christianson [et al.]. Security Protocols 2005. Berlin ; Heidelberg, 2005. P. 258—265. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-77156-2_32.
11. Carr H. An Examination of the Early Masonic Catechisms. Leicester, 1946.
12. Claudy C. H. Introduction To Freemasonry — Entered Apprentice. URL: http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/claudy2.html (Accessed 5 February 2019).
13. Dawkins P. The FRA. Rosie Cross Cipher 287. URL: https://www.fbrt.org. uk/pages/essays/The_Fra_Rosie_Cross_Cipher_287.pdf (Accessed 5 February 2019).
14. DeHoyos A., Morris S. B. Freemasonry in Context: History, Ritual, Controversy. N. Y., 2004.
15. DuQuette L. M. The Key to Solomon's Key: Secrets of Magic and Masonry. CCC Publishing, 2006.
16. Knoop D., Jones G. P. The Genesis of Freemasonry. Manchester, 1949. URL: http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/genesis_of_freemasonry.htm (Accessed 5 February 2019).
17. Knoop D. The Prestonian Lecture for 1938. URL: https://freemasonsareus. wordpress. com/2014/05/08/the-mason-words-part-one-of-six/ (Accessed 5 February 2019).
18. Mackey A. G. Encyclopedia Of Freemasonry And Its Kindred Sciences. URL: http://www.phoenixmasonry.org/mackeys_encyclopedia/c.htm (Accessed 5 February 2019).
19. Morris S. B. The Hidden Secrets of a Master Mason // Educational Lodge № 1002, A. F. & A. M. 1988. № 106.
20. Nagy J. S. Building Hiram. Uncommon Catechism for Uncommon Masonic Education. Lutz, 2009.
21. Oliver G. The Antiquities of Free-masonry: Comprising Illustration of the Five Grand Periods of Masonry. L., 1823.
22. Parker M. Secret Societies: Intimations of Organization // Organization Studies. 2016. № 37 (1). Р. 99—113.
23. Poulet C. Recognising and revealing knowers: an enhanced Bernsteinian analysis of masonic recruitment and apprenticeship // British Journal of Sociology of Education. 2010. Vol. 31, № 6 Р. 793—812.
24. Prichard S. Masonry Dissected. London. URL: http://www.phoenixmasonry. org/masonry_dissected. htm (Accessed 5 February 2019).
25. Shuneyko A., Chibisova O. On the Question of the Semiotic Typology of Signs // Journal of Language and Education. 2016. № 2 (6). P. 43—51. doi: 10.17323/2411-7390-2016-2-2-43-51.
26. Smith D. C. History of the Ancient Masonic Lodge of Scoon and Perth, № 3 (the Lodge of Scone). Perth, 1898.
27. Stauffer V. The Bavarian Illuminati in America: The New England Conspiracy Scare, 1798. N. Y., 2006.
28. Stevenson D. The Origins of Freemasonry, Scotland’s Century, 1590—1710. Cambridge, 1988.
29. Whilmhurst W. L. The Meaning of Masonry. L., 1922.