Language as a person's achievement and as a self-organizing systemAbstract
The article explores the basic properties of language as a person’s achievement. The author proceeds from the interpretation of language proposed by L. V. Shcherba and A. A. Zalevskaya, in which language is represented as a socio-personal continuum of linguistic phenomena of different ontology. The purpose of the article is to describe the basic properties of human language as a complex self-organizing system of processes. Active and subjective character of reality and knowledge representation in human mind determines the main properties of language. The author offers a definition of language corresponding to this approach and describes the differences between anthropocentrism and anthropomorphism in linguistics. The author investigates the role of ‘human factor’ in the analysis of different linguistic phenomena.