IKBFU's Vestnik

Natural and medical sciences

Economic, social and political geography

The Kaliningrad Region as a coastal border region of Russia

Abstract

The article studies the sectoral structure of employment and the gross regional product, the similarities and differences of the region from other bordering coastal regions of Russia through the economic and statistical analysis of indicators of population dynamics. The benefits of the coastal and borderline positions are not fully exploited by the region, that is, those types of economic activity and production that could successfully develop are relatively poorly represented here. Conditioned by objective economic laws, inevitable Russian entry into the international division of labor will contribute to the accelerated development of the Kaliningrad region, as well as other bordering coastal regions.

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Physical Geography, Geo-ecology and Oceanology

Development factors and regularities of the territorial structure of nature management

Abstract

The Kaliningrad and Pskov regions serve as good examples for comparison of the main trends and patterns of the territorial agricultural structure as the most dynamic type of nature management. The territorial structure of agriculture in the regions and the factors of its evolution are considered on the example of two historical periods (1975—80 and 2016—17). In the Pskov region, the continued decline in the area of cultivated land, the transition from focal to small-scale and dispersed types of nature use was noted. In the Kaliningrad region there is a repeated expansion of agricultural lands, the territorial structure corresponds to a large-scale type. The common pattern for both regions is the decrease in the sizes of the areals and their fragmentation.

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History of creation, modern ecological condition, landscape structure of M. Ashmann park in Kaliningrad

Abstract

The sharp reduction of green zones in Kaliningrad, caused by the rapid modern construction and the increase in the motor vehicles, leads to adverse environmental conditions. Reconstruction and conservation of parks is a priority task for creating an ecological framework of urban areas. The M. Ashman’s landscape park is located in densely populated new districts of Selma and Severnaya Gora and is actively used by the townspeople for recreation. However, its environmental conditions do not meet the standards. The park is a 100-year old historical and cultural heritage. Complex field and historicalgeographical studies were carried out to assess its condition. The study of the ecological state of the park involved landscape mapping, which made it possible to reveal the structure of the landscape of the territory at the level of tracts and to evaluate the efficiency of drainage systems reconstruction. Completed work produced the recommendations on correcting the land reclamation works and the park improvement plan.

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Study of the main features of sedimentation in the Labrador Sea during the Late Quaternary

Abstract

The authors analyzed the marine sediment core AMK-4474 recovered from the Northwest Atlantic Mid-Ocean Channel levee. Micropaleontological and grain size analyses were applied to study the main features of sedimentation process in this region during the Late Quaternary. It was shown that Late Quaternary sediments of the channel levees were accumulated during the powerful turbidity current with fluctuations signs. About 26 thousand years ago, the pelagic type of sedimentation became predominant in the studied area.

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Update of age data of the palvesk formation ("green wall") of Sambian peninsula (the Kaliningrad region)

Abstract

The article describes the history of the study and the composition of the palvesk formation established in the deposits of the Paleogene of the Sambian Peninsula in the Kaliningrad Region. The authors give the most complete micro- and macro-faunistic characteristics, as well as the palynological complex according to previous studies. According to the results of absolute dating of glauconite isolated from the siltstones of the formation, as well as palynological data, it dates back to the Eocene age rather than the Oligocene (Ryupelian) as previously thought. This fact indicates that in the territory of the Kaliningrad Oblast, there may be no deposits of reliably Oligocene age, since it was only the palvesk formation which was thought to relate to an Oligocene formation.

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The major stages in wild vegetation development in the Neman deltaic landscape in the Holocene

Abstract

The article provides new data on the development pattern of the Bolshoye Mokhovoye swamp (Grosses Moosbruch) which is the largest swamp in the Kaliningrad Region located in the southern part of the Neman Delta area. The authors consider peat bed structure, botanical composition of peat, peat accumulation rates in different periods of the Holocene and main stages of the swamp development. It has been determined that the swamp development process started in the middle of the Atlantic ( 7000 cal. BP). The alder swamps were the first peat forming ecosystems that were replaced by reed stands of Phragmites and sedge at the end of Atlantic. In the early, the tall-sedge fen communities became dominant in the area. In the second half of Sub-Boreal, sphagnum mosses began to spread, which led to the formation of phytocenoses of the transitional swamp. The raised swamp stage finally formed in the Sub- Atlantic period.

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The use of the fluctuating asymmetry coefficient as a quality assessment criteria for morphometric adaptation of wood vegetation to technogenic conditions

Abstract

The article is focused on the development of a methodology for quantitative assessment of adaptive changes magnitude in woody vegetation in the vicinity of the Gomel Polissyе major industrial enterprises on the basis the of leaf blades fluctuating asymmetry index. This justifies the possibility of using this value as a criterion for assessing the woody vegetation adaptation at the morphometric level and further production under technogenic environmental impact.

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Medical issues

Assessment of hepatic volume ex vivo by the formulas of the ultrasound volumetry

Abstract

The article focuses on determination of the liver volume which is an urgent task for clinical medicine. It is directly connected to the need for an objective quantitative assessment of organ size. The complexity of calculating the volume is due to an irregular geometric shape of the organ, which can not be approximated to an ellipse or any other geometric figure. The aim of the study is to ex vivo evaluate the possibilities of measuring the volume of the liver based on the linear dimensions of the organ according to the formulas proposed for ultrasonic volumetry. The study was carried out on 70 corpses of humans who died of various diseases and examined in the "Bureau of Forensic Medical Examination of the Kaliningrad Region". To measure the liver volume, the most common ultrasound study formulas were used: M. Zoli et al. (1989), D. Glenn et al. (1994), D. Elstein et al. (1997), M. Patlas et al. (2001) and J.T. Childs et al. (2014, 2016). The average weight of the liver according to the results of postmortem weighing of the organ was 1507 ± 500 g, and determined by the method of fluid displacement - 1325 ± 467 cm³. The average volume of the liver, calculated on the linear dimensions of the organ according to the most common formulae, was 1720 ± 687, 1474 ± 639, 1513 ± 516, 1620 ± 702 and 1238 ± 470 cm³, respectively. The authors concluded that the formula given by J.T. Chides and his co-authors is the optimal one for calculating liver volume based on the organ linear dimensions considering the least deviation of the calculation result from the real liver volume.

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Properties of toluidine blue stained mast cells in the experiment with the intake of soluble silicon

Abstract

The article gives morphometric characteristics of thymic mast cells of rats supplied with drinking water for 10 months in a concentration of 10 mg/l in correlation to silicon. It has been shown that the amount of mast cells does not change in interlobular cortical thymus septa with this type of exposure, however, the percentage of mast cells with complete degranulation increases, as well as the proportion of mast cells with a high degree of metachromasia. In this case, the average size of mast cells decreases.

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