IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Linguistics

The history of the Russian anthroponymic formula in the Smolensk region: Commercial documents of the 17th century

Abstract

The author studies commercial documents (Smolensk, 17th century) from the perspective of anthropolinguistics and sociolinguistics to trace the development of the official anthroponymic formula in the western region of Russia. At that time, Smolensk was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The article places emphasis on the specifics of the naming process.

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The functional determination of speech aspects of a document

Abstract

This article examines speech aspects of a strategic planning document — the Development Concept — and identifies factors determining its specifics. The text of the Concept is analysed using the communicative-genre approach, often employed in recent research works. This approach produces an integrated picture that takes into account parameters affected by both linguistic and extralinguistic factors. The article describes speech representations of the key genre elements. These are the communicative goal, the image of the author and the addressee, the image of the past and the future, the content of the dictum, the language of a genre, and relevant means of speech representation. The authors conclude that the informative-explanatory function, which is central to the Development Concept, necessitates the use of certain genre elements and relevant language. There is a connection between informativeness and such genre elements as the communicative goal, the image of the author, the image of the addressee, and the content of the dictum. The explanatory function correlates with the composition and content structure, which is shaped by the genre elements of the image of the past and the image of the future. The article shows that the communicative-genre approach can be employed in examining the speech structure of texts fulfilling different functions. This will make it possible to describe the system of linguistic means used in such texts and to ensure efficient business communication.

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Current processes in the stylistic system of the Russian language: style vs discourse

Abstract

Current processes in the stylistic system of the Russian language are related to qualitative (changing the language functional styles) and quantitative (the emergence of new styles) transformations. The author explores the correlation of styles and different types of discourse as communicative speech formations. Special attention is given to the cognitive and awareness factors as criteria for the identification of styles and types of discourse.

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Explication of autobiographical memories in Herman Hesse’s short stories

Abstract

The author explores the importance of the autobiographical component in literary works. The article offers a linguostylistic analysis of short stories by the German writer H. Hesse. In these stories, the writer reconstructs his past based on his memories. The article analyses methods of linguistic actualisation and reproduction of past experiences as an integral element of autobiographical memory and describes the verbalisation of obliviscence. The author holds that H. Hesse deliberately uses a number of stylistic, lexical and grammatical means as implied explicators.

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Non-verbal elements of a film text in the semiosis of power

Abstract

Contemporary communication is witnessing an increasing role of visual elements. The development of cinema as a special sign system has contributed to this trend. Scholars agree on the definition of the film text as a unique type of text comprising both verbal and non-verbal elements. Film adaptations are an instance of intersemiotic translation. Today, television series are growing in popularity. This article studies various classifications of film text elements and analyses non-verbal signs used to demonstrate power in the ‘Game of Thrones’ and ‘The Hollow Crown’ TV series, which are construed as an intersemiotic translation of G. Martin’s ‘A Song of Ice and Fire’ series of novels and W. Shakespeare’s plays respectively. The author identifies signs serving as non-verbal lexical units of the film text, used to emphasize the authority of a character.

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Linguistic focus of territory branding

Abstract

The study of territory branding as a part of communicative process requires the detailed analysis of advertising and PR-texts placed on accessible Web-portals. The current study presents a linguistic analysis of means of the territory management optimizing and of defining the role of linguistic means in the branding discourse. The material of the study is the number of texts (original and translated) in Russian, English and German placed on accessible Web-portals of different regions or on accessible official Web-portals of different touristic regions and cities. It was showed that the linguistic focus of territory branding should take into account communicative focus of text, its genre characteristics; communicative function, its pragmatic task; linguistic means of branding.

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Literary studies

Text filiation in S. Dovlatov's fiction (article two)

Abstract

The author analyses S. D. Dovlatov’s prose and examines the littlestudied intertextual process of filiation. The filial offshoot of a literary text is related to, and separate from, the initial text and is written by the same author. The study presents a ‘working’ definition of filiation and outlines its basic principles — a creative use of clichés, text reduplication, and the employment of the parent text’s ‘genomes’.

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The facets of German mentality and the search for a national identity in Germany’s sociocultural context at the turn of the century

Abstract

This article studies the works of Russian and international scholars to examine German mentality in the transitional period of the reunification of Germany. Another objective is to analyze the search for a new national identity at the turn of the century in the sociocultural context. To this end, the authors conduct a diachronic analysis of the national literary consciousness. The article identifies the psychological, sociocultural, political, and ideological causes of ambivalence in the reception of the phenomenon by members of a divided nation.

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The science of love and a classical university: Nikolay Kononov’s short story ‘Anastasia’s Amnesia

Abstract

Based on N. Kononov’s short story ‘Anastasia's Amnesia’ (1999), this article considers the isomorphism between the conceptual field of ‘university’ and the core of the author’s conceptual system. The language game with the names of disciplines — philology, physics, medicine — reduces them to a science of love with a focus on the concepts of ‘ego’ and ‘body’. The article explores the role of intertextual references to A. S. Pushkin’s ‘Eugene Onegin’ and shows that the implicit and explicit names of sciences determine the autobiographical status of the text.

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Pedagogy and psychology

Simulation technique in the mathematical theory of learning

Abstract

Further development of theoretical pedagogy and the theory of learning is closely connected to the use of mathematical and digital techniques in learning process simulations. This article explores formal methods for studying a didactic system as well as difficulties in employing them. The author describes key stages of simulation development and presents a simulation of unrelated study material elements (using letters of the alphabet as an example). The charts show temporal changes in students’ knowledge and motivation. Research works on the mathematical theory of learning, and the analysis of semiformalized and semistructured systems, research into cognitive and simulation management, fuzzy logic and soft system methodology comprise the methodological framework for the study.

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Fairy tales as a psychotherapeutic method to develop resilience in students with special needs

Abstract

This article addresses the use of fairy tale technique in psychotherapy used to develop resilience as a personal psychological trait in students with special needs. Using parables as literary references, the authors describe the process of producing mottos through semantic compression. Special attention is paid to techniques of identifying keywords and tacking questions. These techniques help to develop stable psychological attitudes in students with special needs. When used in psychotherapy, fairy tales affect the psychophysical condition of such students and contribute to resilience, i. e. greater control of one’s actions and more conscious attitude to risks and challenges.

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Non-traditional organisation of training in improving the quality of pedagogical education

Abstract

This article describes the main characteristic features of novel approaches to the organization of professional training of university students majoring in pedagogy. Special attention is paid to the contribution of pedagogical disciplines to the professional development of future teachers. The author describes a new module, ‘A dialogue through time with prominent educationalists’, which is part of the ‘History of Pedagogy’ course.

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