IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Linguistics

Feelings, emotions, sensations: On the representativeness of mental states in the Russian language

Abstract

This article is devoted to the lexis of the Russian language denoting mental states. The study of the words and their functions rests on the psychological interpretation and classification of mental states. The author describes how a person’s mental life is expressed as a system of interacting and interdependent mental states in the language picture of the world. The semantics and history of the words chuvstvo, etmotsiya, and oschuschenie are investigated. It is concluded that the words chuvstvo and chuvstvovat have priority over the other lexical choices.

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New verbal nouns with the meaning of an abstract action or state

Abstract

The social determination of current neological processes contributes to the expansion of the vocabulary of the contemporary Russian language. In analysing new nouns derived from verbs, this article examines the nouns’ productivity and contribution to the word formation in the contemporary Russian language. Dictionaries of new lexis, media texts, and the Russian National Corpus are used to identify and describe the most productive wordformation types and models for verbal nouns with procedural semantics. The author investigates the connection between such nouns and denominative neo-derivatives with a meaning of an abstract action. The study follows the anthropocentric paradigm.

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The means to express the category of performativity

Abstract

This article analyses the concept of performative utterance, its primary characteristics, and properties. Audio and video sources are employed to identify secondary forms expressing performative utterances in the mother-child communication and to examine the use of such utterances in the speech. This type of utterances is considered as characteristic of the speech of a woman performing the social role of a mother.

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The thematic field of black humour

Abstract

Wry humor as cultural phenomenon thematically is organized as a semantic field and focuses on six major components: death and associated with it, destruction of human physiology, fear of danger, threats to beloved ones, social catastrophes, necrophilia. A “play principle” is actively being implemented in all these cases.

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The linguistic personality of A. V. Makedonov in the epistolary discourse of the 1990s (based on his letters to Margareta O. Thompson held in the archive of the Literary Museum of the Smolensk State University)

Abstract

This article considers the speech portrait of the renowned Soviet critic A. V. Makedonov — A. T. Tvardovsky's friend and companion. Makedonov’s correspondence with Margareta O. Thompson, an American student of Tvardovsky’s oeuvre, dates back to the early 1990s. The epistolary discourse is examined from the perspective of cultural linguistics as an exemplary speech of a descendant of a Saint Petersburg intelligentsia family, born in the early 20th century and a witness to corresponding historical events. This is the first time the materials have been presented to the research community.

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Literary studies

Text filiation in S. D. Dovlatov’s fiction (article one)

Abstract

This article considers SD Dovlatov’s prose to examine the little-studied intertextual process of filiation. The filial offshoot of a literary text is related to, and separate from, the initial text and is written by the same author. The study presents a ‘working’ definition of filiation and outlines its basic principles — a creative use of clichés, text reduplication, and the employment of the parent text’s ‘genomes’.

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The Christian context of H. Ch. Andersen’s fairy tales: The confines of the genre

Abstract

The Christian context of H. C. Andersen’s fairy tales is considered from the perspective of the genre confines in view of the evolution of the author’s oeuvre. It is argued that the romanticism of Andersen’s fairy tales is rooted in his Christian worldview. The article traces the Christian axiology of Andersen’s fairy tales and emphasises their allegoric and parabolic nature. Andersen’s works introduce a certain type of ‘two-worldliness’, which is distinct from that of German romantics' fairy tales. Andersen’s fairy tales are distinguished by wholeness, the absence of a tragic rift, and the presence of characters embodying the Christian ideal of humility and sacrificial love.

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Outside of all dimension: the motive complex of impersonality in Yegor Letov's poetics

Abstract

The article explores the motive complex of impersonality in Yegor Letov's poetics as a unity of stable figurative series and typical strategies of poetic language. Confirmation-overcoming of the borders of I is an existential conflict, which is one of the most important constants of Yegor Letov's personal poetic ontology.

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Pedagogy and psychology

From financial literacy to financial culture

Abstract

This article stresses the need to develop a financial culture across the society. The authors analyse the results of surveys demonstrating a low level of financial literacy and competency in Russia’s population. It is necessary to create a financial culture, which is an important factor in the national longterm development and socioeconomic growth. The authors identify the areas of research and practice that can contribute to the development of a financial culture.

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The pedagogical aspect of irrational borrower behaviour

Abstract

Irrational borrower behaviour is considered as failure to develop competencies set out in the federal requirements for non-economic professional education. The authors describe the structure of preparedness for rational borrower behaviour as part of the cognitive, socio-affective, and hortatory components and of the practical borrowing experience. The article presents the results of an empirical study into the common types of irrational borrower behaviour and their predictors in different lending entities. Common trends in the irrational borrower behaviour of citizens and municipalities in some Russian regions are identified.

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The professional training of a police officer in current conditions

Abstract

This article analyses the public need for high-quality and effective professional training of police officers. The authors suggest the use of a systemic approach, which interprets training as a pedagogical processes aimed to contribute to the development of a police officer as a person and as a competent professional within the customer/client/student system.

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The social representations of Russian and Polish students as regards induced termination of pregnancy

Abstract

This article presents the results of a cross-cultural study into the social representations of Russian and Polish university students as regards induced termination of pregnancy. The sample included 100 respondents divided into four groups. The study relies on the structural approach to the theory of social representations. The structure of social representations is examined using Vergès’s prototypical analysis. The authors consider the key differences in the structure of social representations of male and female Polish and Russian students as regards induced termination of pregnancy. The study investigates students’ attitudes to the ban on abortion.

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The development of creative thinking in older preschool children: The common and the special

Abstract

This article summarises the findings of Russian and international authors on creative thinking. The authors present the results of an empirical study into the development of creative thinking in older preschool children. The article examines the common features in the development of creative thinking in five- and six-year-old children. The differences in the creative thinking development in girls and boys are identified. The authors outline the possibilities for creating a special programme for developing creative thinking in older preschool children.

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