IKBFU's Vestnik

2017 Issue №01

Back to the list Download an article

‘Theory of mind’ in explaining verbal and cognitive dysfunctions in autistic children and its experimental test

Pages
74-78

Abstract

This article considers the main principles of ‘theory of mind’ as a cognitive theory explaining verbal and cognitive dysfunctions in children with autism spectrum disorder. The article presents some results of testing this theory through a psycholinguistic experiment that involved 16 students from special schools. It is concluded that, in the case of autistic children, it is more correct to speak of a deficiency, rather than a complete absence of a ‘theory of mind’.

Reference

1. Сергиенко Е. А., Лебедева Е. И., Прусакова О. А. Модель психического как основа становления понимания себя и другого в онтогенезе человека. М., 2009.
2. Baron-Cohen S., Leslie A., Frith U. Does the autistic child have a 'theory of mind'? // Cognition. 1985. № 21. P. 37—46.
3. Baron-Cohen S. Mindblindness: An essay on autism and theory of mind. Cambridge, MA, 1995.
4. Baron-Cohen S. Theory of Mind in Normal Development and Autism // Prisme. 2001. № 34. P. 174—183.
5. Chafe W. The pear stories: Cognitive, cultural, and linguistic aspects of narrative production. Norwood, NJ, 1980.
6. Frith U. Autism: Explaining the Enigma. Oxford, 1989.
7. Nichols S., Stich S. Mindreading Oxford, 2003.
8. Pennington B., Ozonoff S. Executive functions and developmental psychopathology // Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry. 1996. Vol. 37, is. 1. P. 51—87.
9. Premack D, Woodruff G. Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? // Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 1978. Vol. 1(4). P. 515—526.