IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Linguistics

The German agricultural discourse in the 17th century (based on the treatise «Stratagema oeconomicum oder Akkerstudent» by Salomon Gubert

Abstract

This article explores peculiarities of the formation of the German agricultural discourse as a special type of scientific discourse of the seventeenth century. The author performs a discursive and cognitive analyses of the treatise «Stratagema oeconomicum oder Akkerstudent» written by the German pastor Salomon Gubert in Livonia in 1645. The linguocultural aspect of the institutional communication is considered as the main distinctive feature of the discourse.

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Informational Field of Proper Names

Abstract

The present paper considers a complex and onomastically underexplorwed issue of proper names' (PN) informational field. The article highlights the author's view of singling out aspects of the PN informational field as well as their heterogeneity, mutual intersections and interpenetrations. A prospective variant has been offered for a complex information analysis and determination of its communicative significance as exemplified by a developed informational field of the oikonym Katyn' (Smolensk Region). The paper also describes methods of empirical material collection and processing.

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The study of the organization of the concept ‘system’ in the Russian language consciousness

Abstract

The article analyses certain types and results of the categorization of system objects reflected in the modern Russian language. Using methods of traditional and cognitive semantics, the author explores linguistic representations of categorization levels in the understanding of the ‘system’ phenomenon. The author attempts to correlate the identified classification rubrics with various knowledge formats as well as to consider the structure and content of these rubrics in the context of everyday and professional knowledge.

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Functional and semantic aspects of threat in requestive speech acts (based on the Soviet and Russian feature films)

Abstract

Mass cinematography reflects the cultural and mental state of any nation as well as the state of its language. Based on the analysis of the fragments of the Soviet and contemporary Russian films, the author determines the role and purpose of the requestive threat as a speech act, and identifies the composition and role of various components of requestive threat speech acts as a type. Requestive speech acts are a means of indirectly derived expression of a corresponding meaning.

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Pragmatic aspects of gender-specific compliments in the English language culture

Abstract

The aim of this article is to examine linguistic manifestations of gender in complimentary utterances in English. The author uses modern fiction as an object of research. Linguistic manifestations of gender characteristics are analysed against the target-related orientation of the complimentary utterances. The author concludes that the overwhelming majority of compliments are paid from men to women. Hence, gender characteristics of the speaker manifest themselves in his language behaviour in general and in producing compliments in particular.

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Pragmatic characteristics of complex sentences with relative clauses (based on German media discourse)

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to describe pragmatic characteristics of complex sentences with relative clauses in the German media discourse. The author selects the following pragmatic schemes of hypotaxis structures of the studied type: specification, problematization, irony, simplification, complication, prevention and argument. The single-model and double-model types are identified as pragmatical types of complex sentences with relative clauses.

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Literary Criticism

The role of intertextuality in the formation of the opposition soul-body in Nikolai Kononov's «Eugenia's Genius»

Abstract

The authors examine intertextual links between N. Kononov's story «Eugenia's Genius» (1998) and the myth of Cupid and Psyche from Apuleius «Metamorphoses, or The Golden Ass» by Apuleius, »Light breath» by I. A. Bunin and Roman M. Kundera's «The Unbearable Lightness of Being». The authors explore the role of these relations in the formation of the artistic concepts of «soul» and «body» in N. Kononov's works. The authors аnalyse similarities of N. Kononov's texts with the above mentioned works in their themes, imagery and vocabulary.

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Grammatical aspects of depersonalization in Yegor Letov's idiostyle

Abstract

The article discusses several strategies of Egor Letov’s idiostyle associated with his subjective position, which is expressed in a literary text. The authors analyze some models of Letov’s poetic syntax — subject-predicate relations and the prevalence of infinitives. The article describes certain constants of the Egor Letov’s poetic model of the world, characterizing the position of the author’s «I» in the world.

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Pedagogy and Psychology

Formation of the future teachers’ readiness to form social interaction abilities in preschool children

Abstract

The article describes an authentic model of the formation of future teachers’ readiness to facilitate the development of social interaction skills in preschool children. The proposed model meets the requirements of the current standards of professional education. The author describes the essence of the model focused on a set of measurable learning outcomes formulated in line with the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education, the Federal State Educational Standard for Preschool Education and the Professional Standard of Preschool Education.

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Metasubjet approach in junior high school

Abstract

The article describes the main characteristics of the metasubject approach as a methodological basis of achieving metasubject results in education. There are several ways of realization of the metasubject approach in junior high school — the introduction of metasubjects, inclusion of a metasubject theme in the substantive theme of a lesson within traditional school disciplines, the use of modern education technologies based on the system-activity approach, interdisciplinary and the development and implementation of extrasubject programmes.

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Modern approaches to university physical education: the experience of incorporating a fitness programme in the curriculum

Abstract

The article explores new approaches to physical education in university. One of the ways to ensure modernization of physical education is the incorporation of various fitness programmes in the elective part of the curriculum. The author describes the impact of fitness programmes on learning outcomes and characterizes them as a form of activity. The article examines the experience of introducing Zumba® Fitness international dance fitness programme to the elective part of the "Physical education" curriculum for the first, second and third year students of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.

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Personality in a multicultural world

Abstract

The article considers problems faced by the individual as the bearer of social and cultural patterns. The article focusses on the issues of the conscious formation of tolerance and interconnections between understanding and the individual’s adaptation to reality. General knowledge, reflection, the extension of meaning, self-esteem, a system of values, logic and cognition form the basis of understanding. The author analyses the concept of multicultural identity and explores the problems of non-conflict integration of the personality in the multicultural world.

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Project-based learning as a means of developing cognitive abilities of exchange medical students

Abstract

The article presents the authors ' experience in the development and implementation of design methods to the development of cognitive abilities among foreign medical students. The main idea of the authors consists in the possibility and the need to develop foreign language students ' abilities to cognitive, emotional-evaluative and transformative activities in the learning process of Rus-skomu as a foreign language materials on the medical theme- Tiki. Deals with practical aspects of independent design activities of students. Shown educational technology, design method, techniques and methods of cognitive development SPO-the ability aimed at obtaining practical results. Describes the types of activities teachers and foreign language students as participants in design work. It is shown how the correction of the level of speech and language competence can contribute to the development of the foundations of clinical thinking.

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Psychological aspects of security rituals in higher education institutions

Abstract

The article describes the essence of security rituals typical of university environment. Being special patterns of behavior, safety rituals aim at ensuring control over certain factors, which are important to maintain security, integrity and ability to achieve a meaningful purpose of life. Other important aims of security rituals in educational environment are ensuring stability, neutralizing factors that may negatively affect it as well as increasing students’ self-esteem.

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School conflict as a subject of historical and pedagogical research

Abstract

The paper analyses the problem of school conflicts and provides a theoretical substantiation of the possibility of their historical and pedagogical investigation in pedagogy. Using pedagogical writings of the early XX century, the authors explore the conceptual foundations of school conflicts and identify their essential features. Special attention is given to the philosophical conception of the conflict as a means of reflecting reality. The authors also study the linguistic concept of the term as a functional unit of language. In conclusion, the authors define avenues of further research into school conflicts.

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The formation of critical thinking in foreing language learning

Abstract

The article describes a new coursebook designed for students studying Biotechnology. The new coursebook facilitates the formation and development of critical thinking skills in the process of foreign language learning. The formation of critical thinking is one of the main objectives of pedagogy since it ensures successful functioning of the individual in the modern information society.

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