The concept of paradigm in the theories of R. Merton and T. Kuhn: A comparative analysis :: IKBFU's united scientific journal editorial office

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Science is power, it reveals the relation between things, their laws and interactions
Alexander Herzen

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The concept of paradigm in the theories of R. Merton and T. Kuhn: A comparative analysis

Author Rybakova V.
Pages 143-149
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Keywords paradigm, codification of sociological theory, functions of paradigm, qualitative data analysis, normal science, scientific revolution
Abstract (summary) This article analyses Robert Merton’s and Thomas Kuhn’s approaches to the concept of paradigm. Whereas Merton identifies the function of a paradigm in analysing data obtained within a social study, Kuhn considers a paradigm as a key notion at a certain stage of the development of science – that of normal science. It is stressed that, despite differences in approaches, the theories do not contradict but rather complement each other.
References 1. Mamedov A. K., Rybakova V. V. Scientific problem as a factor of science development // Science and Education: materials of the V international research and practice conference. Vol. 2. Munich, Germany. February 27—28th, 2014. Munich, 2014. P. 257—260.
2. Merton R. K. Paradigms: The Codification of Sociological Theory // On social structure and science. Chiсago, 1946. P. 57—62.
3. Кун Т. Структура научных революций. М., 2009.
4. Firth R. An Appraisal of Modern Social Anthropology // Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol. 4. Palo Alto, 1975. P. 1—25.
5. Кожанов А. А. Рецепция идей Роберта Мертона в развитии социологии науки // Выступление в рамках круглого стола Европейского университета в Санкт-Петербурге «Основание социологии науки: к 100-летию со дня рождения Роберта Мертона», состоявшегося 7 мая 2010 г. URL: http://www.hse.ru/data/2010/05/15/1217202748.pdf (дата обращения: 14.10.2014).

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