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The humanities and social science

Editorial

Archeology and History

The Origin of the Primorskaya Culture (an analysis of the Pribrezhnoe and Ushakovo-3 dig sites)

Abstract

Archeological research, which started back in 1990s, made it possible to single out a separate group of settlements on the Vistula Lagoon shore — Waldburg-type monuments. Taking into consideration the distinctive cultural features of the complex, and its early dating, we can safely assume the existence of a protophase in the course of Primorskaya Culture development, which hypothetically took place between 3100—2900 BC. Globular Amphorae Culture and Sub-Neolithic Cultures could have influenced the protophase the most.

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The First World War in history and memory

Desertion as a Social Phenomenon of Late European Modernity, 1871-1918

Abstract

The paper analyzes the influence of modernization on social processes of different European states. On the example of desertion of the Central Power’s soldiers to Russia one comes to conclusion that changes in the manning system of European armies during the 19th century were one of the most important components of traditional society’s transformation and a vital source of new social practices.

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Queuing Russia: The Formation of New Social Practices in the Russian Cities of 1914-1918

Abstract

The First World War was the time of major social shifts in the life of Russian society, the formation of new social practices that allowed the urban population to adapt to the extreme conditions of the Great War. Queue (the «tail») was one of them, gradually transforming from one of the many social practices into the «focal point» of culture.

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One Hundred Years Later: Visual Representations of Cultural Memory of the First World War in the Commemorative Practices in the UK

Abstract

Based on the pieces of art created in the UK to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the First World War, the article analyzes the visual images used in the national commemorative practices. Interconnection between the specifics of "English style" in the representation of the cultural memory of the Great War and deep trauma of British society as a result of the war is considered.

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Law

The Welfare State (Social State) in the Russian Federation as a Constitutional Principle and its Practical Implementation

Abstract

The authors are investigating the content and practical implementation of the constitutional principle of the social (welfare) state in the Russian Federation, especially the relevant state measures supporting families, birth rate and migration. Legal research in this paper is also focused on the selected state projects realized in the contemporary Russia: state program of the maternity (family) capital, experience of the granting the Charge-Free Land Property for multi-child families, and also so-called project of the "Charge-Free Far Eastern Hectare". Based on the conducted analysis the authors of the article have made several suggestions regarding pragmatic realization of the constitutional principle of the Welfare State (Social State), and also regarding further modernization of the existing projects of social innovations in the Russian Federation.

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Paradoxes of Legal Procedure in Mr. K’s Complaint to the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the Defense of Pension Rights of a Serviceman

Abstract

The author studies some specific legal paradoxes in the implementation of the legislation on status of militaries in the concrete case of the military pensioner K. who served relevant period but did not get the right to obtain pension. The application to The Constitutional Court of Russian Federation and some aspects of the judgment of the Court are analyzed.

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Economics

Modeling Value Chains in Kaliningrad Agriculture

Abstract

The article describes an approach to modeling and monitoring of the value added in the agricultural sector of the Kaliningrad region in the situration of the need to improve food security and increase internal agricultural output. The results of the first phase of the simulation based on the example of crop production chains of added value to the monitoring Kaliningrad farmers are given for May 2015.

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Industrial Parks as an Instrument of Import Substitution Policy in the Region

Abstract

The article analyses trends of industrial development in the Kaliningrad region in the context of import substitution policy, as well as main features of formation and development of industrial parks. The author structures potential risks of their functioning and described measures of diminishing the probability of negative consequences.

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