IKBFU's Vestnik

2015 Issue № 07

Sustainable tourism as an alternative development path for coastal towns: The case of the Kaliningrad region

Abstract

The authors present a function-based typology of towns located on the coast of the Kaliningrad/Vistula Lagoon. It is shown that the recreational function of these towns is either poorly developed or absent, which complicates the sustainable development of coastal territories. Grade-based assessment makes it possible to identify factors both facilitating and hindering the recreational development of coastal towns. Towns with the highest recreational potential are identified.

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The Emerald Network of areas of special conservation interest

Abstract

The article focuses on the scientific and practical conditions for the development of the Emerald network of areas of special conservation interest in Russia. The authors examine the role of biological reserves in conserving rare and endemic animal and plant species, including those of European significance. The article stresses the need to create a geoecological framework of a territory. For the first time, a cartographic representation of such framework is developed for the conditions of the Chechen Republic. The algorithm of its implementation is presented.

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Current issues in assessing the environmental damage caused by water pollution in a water-scarce region

Abstract

This article analyses the problem of ecological damage assessment and estmiates realted human effect based on the methodology of identifying pre¬vented ecological damage for a water-scarce region in the case of the Ural River basin. Calculations use regional per-unit damage data – cost assessments of damage per a unit of the pollutant mass. The causes oe negative uham effect on water resources and water-scarce regions in Russia are identifiied.

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