IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Cognitive and discursive aspects of linguistic studies

The role of discourse in modern linguistics

Abstract

This article considers discourse as a category giving a new perspective on the text. The author analyses various concepts of discourse, which were developed over the last decades within the cognitive, constructivist-poststru-cturalist, and neo-rhetorical approaches. Despite being based on different methodological principles, the concepts analysed in a text have a common ground: they focus on the same research object, namely, the text. Mono- and transtextual discourse models make it possible to transgress the limits of the text placing it within the dynamic space of communication. Discourse theory and the notion of discourse mark a new turn of the spiral of cognition that makes it possible to see and justify the cognitive and communicative potential of a text.

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On the structure of anthroponyms and their functioning in the Russian and English languages

Abstract

The article deals with the functioning of anthroponyms and the condi-tions for the realization of their cognitive potential in the Russian and English cultural contexts. In this survey-based research an attempt is made to demon-strate how the flexibility of anthroponymical models reflects both the represen-tation and perception of an individual in the two cultures, and how communi-cation is handled with the help of personal names’ variations.

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On the problem of interpreting the concept of SPACE in Russian and foreign linguistics

Abstract

This article considers the relationship between the TIME and SPACE concepts. The features of modeling space parameters in human cognitive ac-tivities and the universal ways of verbalization of space structures and attri-butes are analyzed. The research is focused on the theory of primary and se-condary space deixis put forward by the German linguist A. Friderici, which presents a system of coordinates giving the subject of cognition the possibility to navigate in the surrounding space.

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Realisation of the pragmatic potential of intertextuality in political discourse

Abstract

The article discusses the pragmatic potential of inter-textual inclusions in political discourse and how this potential is determined by the commonly shared precedent knowledge held in the cognitive base of all the members of the society. The paper touches upon the notion of precedent texts which have a unique system of commonly shared mental images and associations easily elicited in native speakers’ consciousness. That makes it possible for the politician to create a common discourse space, shared by both the speaker and the listeners, which has a great impact on shaping the desired viewpoint in the audience’s mind.

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Frames in discourse analysis

Abstract

This article focuses on frame analysis, which provides a communicative framework for the meaning formation and interpretation in a discourse. The correlation between the usage of linguistic structures and cognitive environ-ment of the sender and recipient is analysed. The structure of the frame model of a discourse as a cognitive space formed in view of the recipient’s relevance is described. Special attention is given to the process of conceptual integration in German political discourse.

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The axiology of images of space and time in B.L. Pasternak’s poem «When it Clears Up»

Abstract

This article focuses upon the 'time' and 'space' concepts in Boris Paster-nak’s poem “When it Clears up” (1956) and its English translation by Lydia Pasternak-Slater. Special emphasis is laid upon the significance of the 'holi-day' concept for the structural unity of the poem. In the atemporal dimension of a ‘holiday,’ visible images of the natural world become symbolic representa-tions of the invisible. In the English translation, the overt concreteness of some of the poetic images results in the partial loss of the text's axiological po-tential.

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Discursive and media borders of criticism in arts (based on written materials in German)

Abstract

In the information society, criticism assumes a special role in the system of genre and stylistic differentiation of media texts. The media culture of new generation is faced with the problem of studying the discursive characteristics of criticism of modern media genres. The analysed examples of criticism from German press focusing on arts and culture make it possible to reveal certain trends in the media perception in the early 21st century

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Avenues of international cooperation

Schliesslich will man ja Kunst schaffen. Daniel Kehlmanns humoristische Poetik («Finally, there is a need to create art»: Daniel Kehlmann’s humoristic poetics)

Abstract

Daniel Kehlmann’s oeuvre is often interpreted as ‘ironic’ and thus put on a par with works following Friedrich Schlegel’s tradition of Romanticism. It would be more accurate to speak of ‘humour’ in the context of Schopenhauer’s philosophy of pessimism characteristic of the 19th century poetic realism. The central element is not nurturing ennui resulting from awareness of the con-trast between the ideal and reality, but rather cheerful disposition (consola-tion) in the face of reality.
Kehlmann’s world-famous novel Measuring the World should be con-sidered not as a veracious historical document, but rather as a free play with the biographies of Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Friedrich Gauss. Kehlmann focuses on the ‘magic realism’ characteristic of the 20th century South American authors (for instance, Gabriel García Márquez).

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Me and Kaminski and Kaminskaya is me and? On the subject of Kehlmann’s oeuvre and German poetry

Abstract

After 1900, literary manifestations of subjectivity underwent serious changes, which contributed to the increasing diversity and synthesis of means to create a literary reality. Daniel Kehlmann’s novel I and Kaminski (2003) is analysed from this perspective. Its text is compared with poetic works of German authors, which makes it possible to identify similarities and understand the general trends in modern culture

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Literary texts in German classes with PhD students: The interdisciplinary aspect

Abstract

This article is an attempt at a conceptual interpretation of the scientific paradigm in modern prose and the possibility of using it in discussions in German classes with PhD students. Fragments from Hans Konsalik’s Jour-ney to Tierra del Fuego and Daniel Kehlman’s Measuring the World are used to this end. The biographies of scientists — as shown through literary characters — can serve as a basis for role models for young researchers.

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Metanarrative in Daniel Kehlmann’s novel Fame

Abstract

This article focuses upon the features of constructing and re-constructing a literary text in the case of Daniel Kehlmann’s novel Fame (2009). Using various narrative strategies, Daniel Kehlmann manages to create a multilayered fictional space based on meta-narration and self-reflection of the characters and the narrator. The duality, amalgamation of reality and fiction, reciprocity, and the inclusion of the reader into the process of textual modeling through cross-references and intertextual connections constitute the basis of Daniel Kehlmann’s poetics.

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The game of Daniel Kehlmann’s novel Measuring the World

Abstract

This article explores the relativity of game rules followed by two out-standing scientists – Alexander von Humboldt and Gauss – in their research. The exhaustiveness of the scientists’ multidirectional game strategies is ex-plained by a change in their roles: they turn from subjects of the game into its objects ruled by the Nature, Time, and Chance. The central metaphor of gam-bling defines the composition of the novel and its genre, which can be defined as a postmodernist novel about the incomprehensibility of the nature of gen-ius.

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The optics of vision in Daniel Kehlmann’s novel The Farthest Place

Abstract

This article considers the textual dominant in the context of The Far-thest Place — one of the most famous novel of the modern German author Daniel Kehlmann. The organization of the novel’s text is described and parallels to other literature works are drawn. The article focuses on the influence of the 20th century modernist experiments on Kehlmann’s works

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Problems of theory and methodology of university training of linguists

Features of the implementation of the ACCESS international project in the Kaliningrad region based on the principles of inclusive education

Abstract

The implementation of the English Access Microscholarship Program (ACCESS) in the Kaliningrad region is based on the principles of inclusive education. It makes the study of the English language more accessible to ado-lescents from an economically disadvantaged background and children with special needs. A greater sensitivity to cultural differences, coupled with the acquired language skills, enable the participants to take advantage of opportu-nities that had previously been unavailable to them.

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Regional identity as an important component of a bachelor of linguistics’ university training

Abstract

The article is devoted to considering the significance of regional identity in the context of language education of a bachelor of linguistics. The authors identify the key requirements for professional training, the content of the no-tion of “regional identity”, and the learning environment of language univer-sities facilitating the development of regional identity.

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Young scientists’ forum

The functional significance of modal evaluative component in the concept structure: The case of M. Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita

Abstract

This article analyses connections between modality and concept. The au-thor explains the way modal meanings are connected to concepts, stresses the functional value of modal meanings for concept structure, and considers the structure of concept, its nuclear, and interpretation field. The concept of «duty» in the context of a literary text is used to prove the modal background of the concept.

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Imperative modality as a mechanism of creating universal human values (based on Russian and English translations of biblical idioms)

Abstract

This article considers different types of imperative modality and the ways their meanings are manifested in the semantic structure of biblical idioms. It is assumed that, in biblical idioms, the formation of universal human values is based on the imperative modality represented by suggestives, requestives, and prescriptives.

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Elements of science fiction in the French postmodernist discourse: The case of B. Werber’s novel The Thanatonauts

Abstract

This article presents an interdisciplinary study on text linguistics, lingu-o¬poetics, and narratology. It addresses the problems of modern science fiction discourse and analyses the ideas of the leading theorists of postmodernism — J.-F. Lyotard and J. Derrida — as well as those of scholars focusing on the sci-ence fiction discourse — T. Todorov and R. Lachmann. The practical material of the study is the works of the modern French postmodernist author Bernard Werber.

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Semantic opposition as a means to explicate bipolar disorder in Stephen Fry’s autobiography Moab Is My Washpot

Abstract

This article analyses the semantic oppositions essential for describing Stephen Fry’s bipolar affective disorder in his autobiography. This opposition is based on the ontological fragmentation of personality into the young I nar-rative and the mature I narrator. It is established that these oppositions are both intrapersonal and interpersonal and are manifested through relevant lin-guistic stylistic devices

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The linguistic and stylistic means of expressing identity in com¬plimentary phrases (based on modern English, American, and Russian fiction)

Abstract

This article identifies and analyses the linguistic features of the genera-tion and perception of complimentary phrases in different age groups belon-ging to English, American, and Russian cultures. The language of representatives of different age groups is dissimilar, therefore, there is a need to consider the effect of age parameters on language.

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The features of using manipulative techniques to influence public opinion (based on the materials of the US presidential campaign of 2012)

Abstract

This article considers manipulative techniques used by US presidential candidates B. Obama and R. Romney in the 2012 election campaign. Language manipulation is presented as one of the major components of persuasion which guarantees the successful implementation of the intended goal. The main goal of the candidate’s election campaign is to win the election. The results of a comparative analysis of manipulative techniques used by the presi-dential candidates are presented in the article.

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