IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Theoretical aspects of education

Modernisation of educational programmes: From a professional standard to education results

Abstract

This article provides an analytical evaluation of approaches formulating education results in developing new modules of the Special Education bache-lor degree programme. The author analyses the application of the programme’s modules using innovative forms of training organisation — interactive lec-tures, modelling methods, case studies, educational games (role-playing, simulations, business games), etc.

Download an article

Developing and managing an intercompany system of continuing education in tourism

Abstract

This article presents a theoretical framework and methodology for design-ing a self-evolving system of continuing professional training in tourism based on an innovative educational process — active design — using the com¬petence-based and cluster approaches.

Download an article

Efficiency of a pedagogical model for preventing unemployment among Russian students: Analysis and data interpretation

Abstract

This paper sets out to examine empirical implications of the multifunc-tional system applicability of unemployment preventionism among young people at colleges and universities in Russia. A statistical analysis of the data obtained proved the efficiency of experimental training contributing to the de-velopment of key professional activities in students based on the proposed model of a pedagogical system for preventing unemployment among Russian students. An interval scale for assessing the development of major profes-sional activities, which was obtained using the WINSTEPS 3.90.0 software, proved to be independent and applicable to performing assessment in similar studies.

Download an article

Advanced training of teachers during the transition to universal secondary education (the 1960—70s)

Abstract

This article addresses the issues of increasing teachers’ professional per-formance during reforms in school education. The author examines the func-tioning of teacher’s advanced training institutions. The article analyses the problem of content differentiation and development of advanced training courses for teachers in view of their education level, experience, interests, and needs.

Download an article

Psychological and pedagogical studies

Social attitudes as a factor of delinquent behaviour in the underage

Abstract

This article analyses the correlation between attitudes and social beha-viour and such factors as the strength/weakness and clarity/ambivalence of an attitude and the situation factor. The author considers the results of empirical studies into value orientations and moral and psychological attitudes based on samples of senior year school students and university students. The article studies correlation between social attitudes and asocial behaviour in children and adolescents. The influence of structural and psychological family deforma¬tion on asocial behaviour is discussed. It is stressed that, in identifying asocial behaviour of the underage, prio-rity is given to the psychosocial deformation of the family. A lack of supervi-sion is a more important delinquency factor than an adverse socioeconomic situation. It is emphasised that the mother plays the central role in the system of re-lationships of children and adolescents. A decrease in positive attitude to the mother and an increase in the number of negative descriptors when speaking of her is correlated with growing negativisation of all social relationships of a personality. It is stressed that parent-child relationships characterised by inconsis-tence and propensity to conflict contribute to the development of aggression in a child as a means to resolve interpersonal conflicts.

Download an article

Problems of preparedness of students’ parents for inclusive education

Abstract

The preparedness of parents of children with and without special needs for inclusive education is problematized in view of the competence aspects of a teacher’s inclusive preparedness. The notion of co-preparedness of a diverse group of parents within a poly-subject educational space is defined. The article presents results of empirical research on the preparedness of parents of chil¬dren with and without special needs for inclusive education in the Republic of Belarus. General problems of preparedness of a group of parents for inclusive education, as well as specific problems of preparedness of each subgroup, are identified and formulated.

Download an article

Cyberbullying, a new threat to adolescents’ personal security

Abstract

This article focuses on the issue of psychological violence among adoles-cents, in particular, on the problem of bullying. A new threat to psychological security of teenagers – cyberbullying – is identified. The authors believe that, going through fundamental personality transformations, adolescents are espe-cially vulnerable to psychological violence. The article analyses the notions of ‘bullying’ and ‘cyberbullying’ and identifies the features of the latter necessi-tating new cyberbullying prevention measures.

Download an article

Helping relationships and diagnostics of attachment: A psychometric revision of the IPPA questionnaire

Abstract

This article analyses the main psychodiagnostic tools of attachment as-sessment. The most popular tools include the "Strange situation", "Strange situation for preschool children", and "End of story" techniques, Kerns’ scale, and Burmenskaya and Pupyreva’s questionnaire "Assessment of attachment to the mother". The authors emphasize the difficulties of using these tech¬niques in studying attachment in adolescents and adults and describe the main results of psychometric revision of the Inventory of Parent and Peer At¬tachment (IPPA, G. Armsden, M. Greenberg) based on a Russian-speaking sample.

Download an article

The effect of family relations on a child’s preparedness to study at school

Abstract

A child’s psychological preparedness to study systematically has a strong effect on academic performance, whereas family relationships largely affect a child’s psychological development. This article focuses on the impact of family relationships on the development of psychological maturity indicators. The empirical study used special methods for assessing the development of key in-dicators of a child’s psychological maturity and identifying the degree of fa-vourability /unfavourability of family environment. It is shown that children brought up in predominantly favourable environment surpass their peers in preparedness for systematic studies. As to practical application, this study makes it possible for teachers of preschool educational institutions to further differentiate correctional activities.

Download an article

Preparedness of social workers to manage social facilitation

Abstract

This article presents the findings of a study into the practices of special-ists of the Centre for Social Assistance to Families and Children and student volunteers from the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University aimed at man-aging a special area of social activity of the Centre’s clients, namely, social as-sistance. The authors identify management connections and problems, as well as prospect for inter-institutional cooperation in the field.

Download an article

Professional training

Quality of professional education in an information society

Abstract

This paper presents a new approach to increasing the quality of profes-sional education in view of students’ personal characteristics affecting educa-tion results in an information society and considers the experience of its prac-tical application using special software. The authors propose a model and methodology for personalizing professional education making it possible to take into account the conditions of university training that are changing in an information society.

Download an article

The CDIO practice in teaching music

Abstract

This article considers the application of CDIO (Conceive — Design — Implement — Operate) technology in musical pedagogy, namely, in teaching the piano at arts and music schools. Image-based information models – sym-bolic, verbal, and mathematical ones – are identified in the context of informa-tion and communications technologies in view of the three major agents of the educational space, namely, the teacher, the student, and the parent. The au-thors propose and describe the practical application of a model of school phil-harmonic as a musical and artistic community bringing together children and adults.

Download an article

Moral and spiritual education in the conditions of civilisational challenges

Abstract

This article stresses the central position of moral and spiritual education in the modern educational paradigm. The values and meanings associated with the notion of ‘moral and spiritual education’ are considered. The author stresses the relevance of reintroducing moral and spiritual education and ex-presses concerns about the national system of education losing its values and targets. The article proposes ways to increase the efficiency of moral and spiri-tual education in the framework of social partnership.

Download an article

Physical training and health improvement

Motivating students of secondary vocational educational institutions in the field of services to participate in sport

Abstract

This article focuses on motivating students of secondary vocational edu-cation institutions in the field of services to participate in sport both as part of the curriculum and as an extracurricular activity. The author stresses the significance of physical education for the development of psychophysical pre-paredness of a medium-level specialists in the field of services. Analysis of sci-entific literature and a survey of students were used to study the current situation at the College of Entrepreneurship in the Kaliningrad region.

Download an article

Development of the Olympic movement in the early 20th century in Germany

Abstract

This study focuses on the development of physical education and sport in Germany in 1919-1939. The author analyses the contents of physical educa-tion and sport typical of Germany of the early 20th century and identifies spe-cific features of German athletes’ training. It is stressed that attitudes to sport underwent a dramatic change in the 1920s entailing the emergence of a public policy in the field of physical education and sport. This is accounted for by athletic achievements becoming an integral part of national prestige.

Download an article

Research of young scientists

Training future teachers to perform grading

Abstract

This article focuses on the development of grading skills in future teach-ers. The author presents key interpretations of the notion of ‘grading’. The principles, functions, and types of grading are considered. The author’s ap-proach to developing an algorithm of grading performance of future teachers at a seminar is proposed.

Download an article

Theoretical framework for studying the problem of loneliness and its connection to social networking

Abstract

Today, loneliness is no longer a problem of individuals but a problem of the society. Difficulties in adapting to changing conditions are increasingly characteristic of modern youth, which makes young people look for new ways to compensate for loneliness. The article considers different perspectives on one of such ways — social networking.

Download an article