IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Theoretical aspects of education

An empirical study of trust between the agents of educational space in Russia and Poland

Abstract

This work focuses on trust between the agents of educational space at Ka-liningrad school No. 32 and the Gdansk Gedanensis School. The authors identify the patterns of assessing students trust in teachers at all stages of school education. The article analyses the level of adolescents’ trust in teachers and parents at the Kaliningrad and Polish schools. The features of assessing the Polish and Russian teachers’ trust in students and parents are identified. The authors examine the students’ and teachers’ ideas of trust placed in them by other people

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The development of cultural competency in pedagogy

Abstract

The overall cultural competency is considered in relation to the concepts of culture, education, and competency and presented as an achievable result of the application of an educational technology. It is maintained that, in the language education, the latter is aimed at forming of communicative, cognitive, language and speech competencies as variations of overall cultural competency and the underlying communication culture, cognition culture, language culture, and speech culture.

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The project method in multicultural education: Polish practices

Abstract

This article analyses the results of an international project aimed at fa-miliarizing Kaliningrad teachers with the Polish multicultural education practices. The author stresses the potential of a number of methods and tech-niques, including the project method. The article addresses the teachers’ pre-paredness for multicultural and intercultural education. The author analyses the applicability of the European – in particular, Polish, practices – in the Ka-liningrad region.

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Informal educational practices in the local communities of a metropolis: The untapped potential for a dialogue between generations

Abstract

Based on an analysis of the cultural trends and innovations in the Rus-sian system of lifelong learning, the author justifies the viability of one the vectors of development of nonformal education. The article stresses the consol-idating potential of nonformal mixed-age education at the level of local com-munities of a modern metropolis. The author emphasises the need to support their development to promote cultural continuity and create conditions for the personal development of different generations.

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A model for involving the expert community in implementing the educational policy: The case of a major educational programme

Abstract

This article presents a general model of involving the research, educa-tional, and other expert communities in implementing the state educational policy. The authors consider the organization of public and expert discussion of sample primary and secondary education programmes. The model describes the nonlinear space of expert interaction, including the key processes, forms, and results thereof.

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Non-degree training of students under the new legislation on education, youth policy, and culture

Abstract

This article considers the requirements for non-degree education of stu-dents contained in the current legislation regulating the activities of profes-sional education institutions. Based on the legislative provisions, the authors outline a system of modern non-degree education of students.

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Features of the development of an individual educational trajectory in the framework of cluster approach

Abstract

This paper is devoted to the problems of contemporary Russian education system and solutions to them. The best way to respond to these challenges is the introduction of cluster approach into the education system. This work analyses the organization of interaction between the agents of educational process in the framework of traditional and cluster approach. It is stressed that cluster approach to organizing the training of specialists in mechanical engi¬neering can solve most urgent problems. The author identifies the features of and makes recommendations for the development of an individual educational trajectory.

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Psychology and pedagogy

A competency-based interpretation of professional education results: History and objectives

Abstract

This article presents a brief analysis of the causes of transition to compe-tency interpretation of vocational education outcomes in Russia and abroad. The authors consider the interpretation of the basic categories of ‘competence’ and ‘competency’ in the education systems of the USA, the UK, Germany, France, and Russia, as well as the understanding of their structure and func-tion to improve the quality of educational outcomes and ensure harmonization with the economic development of the state.

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The metaphor as a means of psychological intervention in training teachers

Abstract

Based on his own experience, the author stresses the considerable poten-tial of metaphor in increasing the level of self-consciousness of teachers at a special psychological training. The article explores the significance of the met-aphor for the humanities (psychology) and exact sciences (mathematics). Since each person is characterised by their own unique individual semantic space elements, whose elements are metaphorical, it is possible to identify a set of in-dividual metaphors. This underlies the author’s original technique that has been numerously applied in sessions with teachers.

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The transformation of ethnic identity in the condition of post-Soviet development of the independent states

Abstract

This article considers the problem of ethnic identity as a polymodal one and analyses certain social, historical, and psychological aspects of its context. Language is one of the major differentiating features in terms of ethnicity. In some historical situations, ethnic identity is determined by the symbolic role of language in the processes of development of allegiance to the community and intergroup differentiation rather than the actual use of language by all mem-bers of the ethnic group.

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A renovation of values in the educational system

Abstract

This article discusses the results of a study of youth’s values conducted in Kaliningrad in 2012—2013. Special attention is paid to the understanding of the life mission and the role of social and legal activism in the structure of values. The author presents arguments in favour of introducing prosocial val-ues into the education system.

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The category of the psychosomatic in the psychological discourse of the 20th century

Abstract

This article analyses key approaches to interpreting the content of the ‘psychosomatic disorder’ construct, which can be viewed through the prism of various psychogenic factors of development and understood as a form of soma-tization of affective or psychopathological conditions. The author addresses the theoretical and methodological problems of modern understanding of psycho-somatic disorders associated with the multiplicity of their psychological mod-els, criteria for the presence/absence of organic disorders, and the possibilities of compensation and reverse development. The article also focuses on the psy-chosocial risk factors for pathogenesis of psychosomatic disorders proposed within various psychological traditions — the psychodynamic, cognitive-be¬ha-vioral, social and contextual, family-oriented, and integrative ones.

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Sociocultural factors of cross-cultural sensitivity in university students

Abstract

This article presents a theoretical analysis of the social-cultural factors contributing to the development of intercultural sensitivity of university students. The social environment of students’ training plays an important role in the development of intercultural sensitivity. Of special importance are three aspects: the size of the city or the type of the urban environment where students are study and live; the multicultural features of the environment – both of the city and the university; the capacity of the environment to create condi-tions for diverse social experience.
Special role in the development of intercultural sensitivity is played by the academic specialization: the humanities develop not only professional competence, focused on the other person but also personal qualities that con-tribute to sensitivity to cultural differences of others.
The results of the study show that the most important factors of intercul-tural sensitivity development are the academic specialisation and the type of the urban environment.

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Professional training

The role of individual work in the development of creative competency in bachelors of education (The case of the Basics of Mathematical Information Processing course )

Abstract

This article stresses the need to develop the creative competence in bache-lors of education and describes the stages of its development. The role of indi-vidual work of students (IWS) in the formation of creative competence and the requirements for its organization, contributing to the formation of creative competence are identified. The case of organizing individual work when studying the Basis of Mathematical Information Processing is examined.

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The development of inclusive preparedness of future teachers: The efficiency of the didactic model

Abstract

This article presents the results of an experimental study in the development of inclusive preparedness of future university teachers. This process of preparedness development is based on a didactic model implemented using the pedagogical metasubject competence and context-based technology. The author gives an overview of this technology and the mechanisms of its imple-mentation. The efficiency of using this didactic model in developing the inclusive preparedness of future teachers is stressed.

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The forecasting of culture of trust in the agents of educational process at a university

Abstract

The cases of two Kaliningrad universities are used in a forecast study of the interpersonal aspect of culture of students’ and teachers’ trust within higher professional education. The author gives a definition of the culture of trust between the agents of educational process and outlines the structure of this notion. The article presents the students’ and teachers’ forecasts of the culture of trust between the agents of educational process in future.

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Sports and healthcare technologies

A comparative analysis of physical fitness in students of Kaliningrad schools by age groups

Abstract

This article analyzes the monitoring of physical fitness of students of Kaliningrad educational institutions. The authors examine the indicators of basic physical qualities of students by age groups. The main trends and differences in the levels of physical fitness and development of physical qualities are identified. Indicators are considered by age group, separately for boys and girls. The results obtained make it possible to make recommendations regarding improving physical fitness in students.

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Research of young scientists

Aesthetic sensitivity as a fundamental of the modelling the creative development process in children aged 2-5 years

Abstract

This article provides an overview of the integrated model for developing creativity in children aged 2—5 years based on the principle of upward spiral dynamics. The role of aesthetic sensitivity as the principal structural compo-nent of the mode is analysed from the perspective of cultural and historical psychology and cognitive science.

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A comparative analysis of terminology of inclusive education

Abstract

This article examines the terms used to denote the category of persons with mental and physical impairments in the legal, psychological, and pedagogical literature. The author addresses the impact of the uses of these terms on the public perception of this social category. An attempt is made to classify the notions relating to persons with mental and physical defects in accordance with the conceptual – medical and social – models of disability:.

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The attempts of founding of the Russian Idea as a Russian nation specific component of intercultural communication

Abstract

The article reviews the foundation and development of the concept of the Russian Idea in the Russian philosophical and social thinking, its main definitions, content, as well as critics. The significance of development of national identity and cultural self-determination for effective intercultural communi-cation is pointed out. Besides, the role of the Russian Idea as a Russian nation specific component, forming the national identity, when dealing with intercul-tural communication practices is discussed.

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