IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Theoretical aspects of education

The technology of students’ knowledge correction on the basis of pedagogical diagnostics

Abstract

This article is devoted to the little studied problem of correction of university students’ knowledge. The author describes the essence and features of knowledge correction in the educational process at university, its structural and conceptual models. The technology of students’ knowledge correction developed on the basis of this model is intrinsic to the technology of module education with the test/rating system if knowledge control and assessment. The article describes the content, diagnostic, and procedural components of the technology. An important element of the diagnostic component is correcting diagnostics, which does not have a control function. It is shown that that the technology has the following new features: systemic nature, complexity, conceptuality, developing character, strucuredness, hierarchy, logicality, variability and flexibility, procedurality, manageability, instrumentality, diagnosability, predictability.

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The qualimetrics methodology of academic staff certification

Abstract

This article presents a methodology of academic staff certification based on the qualimetrics approach to the assessment of objects and phenomena that are hardly subject to algorithmisation. This approach is used to identify the quality levels as individual components of the performance and overall ranking of the academic staff. The methodology was developed in the course of a study carried out by the authors at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University in the framework of the project “The development of an independent qualimetrics system of assessing academic achievements of students and evaluating the academic staff” (the project team included V. V. Nordin, A. V. Yurov, N. V. Belkina, and K. L. Polupan).

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The teacher’s interest as a phenomenon and concept

Abstract

This article stresses that the teacher’s interest as a phenomenon is a unity of both the objective, which - being the meaningful component – serves as the focus of attention, and the subjective, which reveals the teacher’s motives for ducation and training activities. As a concept, the teacher’s interest registers their attitude to the important as the objective; at the same time, attitude generates individual, selective, and conscious connections between the teacher and the objective and is generalized in their motives and aims.

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The application of the Web 2.0 technology as a tool of developing informal media education

Abstract

This article summarises the role of the Web 2.0 technology also known as social network services in the development of informal learning. This article offers a general description of non-formal and informal learning. Special attention is paid to blogging and the use of wki-resoruces as the most popular Internet tools. The author gives their general description and stresses their advantages and disadvantages in the educational context.

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The regional aspect of developing educational and research culture

Abstract

This article considers the regional aspect of educational and research culture development and the possibility of its formation under certain pedagogical conditions. The development of educational and research culture is planned in view of certain features of the Kaliningrad region through introduction of research problems and development of students’ critical thinking. The authors used a number of pedagogical conditions for the development ofeducational and research culture for the successful application of the regional component.

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Psychological and pedagogical studies

Schoolchildren’s health protection in the condition of inclusive education: The problems and the ways to solve them

Abstract

This article addresses the problems of health protection of schoolchildren with special needs in the conditions of inclusive education. The author considers the structure of social attitudes of teachers, students, parents, children with disabilities, and regular students to the teaching activities in the inclusive educational situation and its role in students’ health protection. The article emphasised the need to develop the concept and strategy for health protection of schoolchildren in the context of joint education of students with and without special needs and the features of students’ health protection.

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The dynamics of youth behaviour in the field of healthy nutrition under the influence of mass media

Abstract

This article consdiers the problem of mass media influence on the process of health behavior development, in particular, in the field of nutrition. The authors address the possibilitues and features of mass media as a factor of health protection. The article presents the results of an experiment relating to the availability of health programmes on Russian television and the assessment of synamics of student behaviour in the field of healthy nutrition under the influence of various television programs.

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Individual patterns of social contact network development in adolescents

Abstract

This article focuses on the interconnection between the individual and typological characteristics of an individual and the features of adolescent social contact networks. It is shown that adolescents with a high level of hostility, expressed perfectionist attitudes, low self-esteem, and insufficient perceived self-efficacy have smaller and poorly differentiated social contacts networks. These characteristics of social networks can subsequently lead to increased narcissistic tendencies in adolescents in isolation, as well as reduce their range of positive identifications and behavior role models.

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Professional training

The teacher’s readiness to work with a ‘special’ child: the model of development of inclusive education values

Abstract

his article presents a didactic model of development of inclusive education values in future teachers as an element of the behavioural component of psychological and pedagogical readiness for working with children with special education needs in the conditions of inclusive education.

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On interdisciplinary connections in training specialists in theory of elasticity

Abstract

This article addresses the problem of training specialists in elasticity theory. The author suggests parallel studying of mathematics and mechanics, in particular, elasticity theory. The author considers the case of organizing training process for solving a two-dimensional problem of the theory through an inversed method. It is shown that the analysis of inversed problems of elasticity theory can contribute to the efficient solution of methodological issues of teaching mathematics and mechanics.

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On the features and prospects of using interactive historical maps in the educational process

Abstract

This article is an attempt to analyse the information and didactic potential of interactive historical maps in the conditions of transition to the competence educational model. The possibilities of using traditional, electronic and interactive maps in the educational process are considered. The author formulates requirements for a training interactive map for different categories of students (in the framework of secondary and higher education). The article offers a short description of the experience of creating interactive cartographic resources at the I. Kant Baltic Federal University.

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The efficiency of applying electronic education technologies at the final stage of preparation for the Unified State Exam in mathematics

Abstract

Through the case of general educational institutions of the Kaliningrad region, the authors consider the methods for increasing the level of students’ preparation for the Unified State Examination in mathematics through using the system of distance learning for training and monitoring the level of preparation. The authors describe the approach, which makes it possible not only to present the content and function of computer-assisted testing, but also to provide teachers and authorities with a system of assessment and management of the preparation process on the basis of statistical report generation.

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The psychological and pedagogical training of an officer — a factor or combat training intensification

Abstract

The authors carried out an analysis of the combat training of military personnel. The article considers approaches to training intensification offered in psychological and pedagogical research literature. The components of the professional and pedagogical competence of an officer are described. The requirements for the psychological and pedagogical training of officers are identified as a factor of successful intensification of the combat training of military personnel.

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Sports and healthcare technologies

The professional athletes’ idea of family relations

Abstract

This article focuses on the features of professional athletes’ ideas of family relations. The authors analyse the relation structure, role distribution, ways of communication, and egocentrism tendencies in professional athletes’ families. The authors’ idea of the counselling process lies in addressing the features of athletes’ families with the help of the hardware methods of neuromodulation, projective techniques, and corporal therapy. The authors identify four areas of counselling and offer recommendations on using the “Family sociogramme” methodology” in working with athlete’s families.

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The dynamics of men’s 100 meters records in Russia

Abstract

The records of Russian athletes are the clearest evidence of a growth in athletics development records. An analysis of the records dynamics makes it possible not only to register the key moments in the history of a chosen sport against the background of changing methodological attitudes, but also to make a correct forecast of the development of corresponding training methodologies aimed at improving sports performance on the basis of a strictly quantitative analysis.

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Research of young scientists

The healthy lifestyle idea of students of humanities

Abstract

The article presents the results a study into the healthy lifestyle ideas of students of humanities. The author analyses the students’ understanding of the term «health» and the healthy lifestyle factors. The article reviews the main sources of healthy lifestyle information used by students. The author considers the students’ assessment of their own lifestyle, as well as the evaluationof the role of healthy lifestyle in the course of development of the image of a modern person.

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Associative-semantic network principle of human mental thesaurus organization

Abstract

Present paper is an endeavor to analyze the outcomes of the celebrated experiment Violin, expressing the structure of associative-semantic links in human brain. Based upon evidence gained from objective neurophysiological methods, certain dictionary articles of the Associative Thesaurus of the Russian Language have thus been analyzed. A comparative analysis of behavioral experiments is offered based on which associative dictionaries have been compiled-alongside with objective experiments of the data of natural sciences. Concomitantly, the paper is an attempt to elicit distinctions between two types of experiments, as well as to install regularities of the organization of human mental thesaurus.

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The acquisition of professional competences by specialists in the field of insurance with the help of business games and problem-centred lectures

Abstract

This article considers the basic problems of the educational process in the modern conditions in the cases training insurance specialists. The author suggests applying the active training methods in the educational process. The article offers an analysis of such methods as business games and problemcentered lectures. The author emphasises the need to use such methods in developing the professional skills of future specialists.

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The methodology of developing manipulative skills in female gymnasts in the first year of training in basic training groups

Abstract

The article considers the distinctive features of technical training with apparatus in groups of initial rhythmic gymnastics training. These features include the characteristics of children’s’ training session organization and the requirements for the technical performance and training of students. The author comes to the conclusion that the availability of equipment and persistent mastering of new techniques is of great importance in working with children. The development of manipulative skills with the help of specially designed tools and control systems are the key aspects of the offered methodology.

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The social and pedagogical determinants of inclusive education: A comparative analysis of Western and Russian ideas

Abstract

In the conditions of the modern sociocultural reality, inclusive education is one of the most relevant forms of education for all children, including nontypical ones. This study aims at conducting a comparative analysis of the conceptual framework of the social and pedagogical determinants of inclusive education. The article describes the author’s understanding of the concept of non-typical children and compares different interpretations of key factors of inclusive education. The main pedagogical competences and central features of conductive influence necessary for successful development of inclusive educational strategies are identified.

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