IKBFU's Vestnik

2013 Issue №9

Magistrates’ and volost courts of the Russian Empire on their way to amalgamation

Abstract

Historically, the magistrates’ court — being a public institute in its nature — has co-existed with community (communal) authorities, including judiciary institutions. As a result, under certain conditions, community courts are subject to the magistrates’ court or even included in its structure, absorbed by it. This article investigates the background and course of this process in the history of the Russian Empire of the 19th/early 20th centuries. The author explains how volost courts gradually became part of the Justice of the Peace.

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“Am I a trembling creature, or do I have the right”. Legal capacity in the election procedure

Abstract

This paper analyses the legal capacity in the election legislation, including the differentiation between individual and collective rightsholders. The author considers the issue of inclusion of the power of citizens to participate in establishing the election results into the core of voting rights. The thesis about the peremptory nature of right to the judicial protection of voters is proved and the one about the influence of the electoral system type on the deprivation of voters’ rights is disproved.

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Governor elections: An analysis of the federal and regional legislations

Abstract

This article considers the improvement of the federal legislation on elections of the highest official of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. The author analyses the legislation of the Kaliningrad region regulating the election of the governor of the Kaliningrad region. An analysis performed helps formulate certain recommendations on the improvement of the current federal and regional legislation on the election of principal officers of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.

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