IKBFU's Vestnik

2013 Issue №2

Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps

Abstract

Any linguistic analysis when done on the basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation. The use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of the cognitive structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation.

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On the application of aspect bades approach method to semantic-funktional description of complex subordinate closes

Abstract

This article deals with the semantic-functional description of German Complex subordinate clauses. This approach envisages the analysis of the
clauses in two directions. The first one is the systematic-language approach, the second one is the speech approach. The article gives seven aspects of the clause organization and functioning that reveal complex relationships of semantic and structural parameters constituting specifics of Complex clauses.

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Berlin in the contemporary German literature

Abstract

The article considers the allegorical image of Berlin in the contemporary german novel. It is discussed how apocalyptic images are used to create the urban space of Berlin by the western ad eastern writers after the reunification. Special emphasis is given to the contemporary concept of the antiutopian urbanization.

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Grammatical antithesis as a mean of objectifiction of emotional meaning in the discource

Abstract

In the article general description of pragmatical usage of the different shape-generating suffixes are presented, the role of linguistic category of intensity and it’s influence upon the realization of the emotional axiological connotative meaning in these suffix are exposed. As an example of illustration of the declared propositions the psycholinguistic analysis of grammatical antithesis, taken from the art discourse is undertaken.

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The background knowledge as a language indicator of the intentional manipulative proposition

Abstract

The article deals with the problem of language manipulation by the recipient’s perception with the help of the background knowledge. The special
emphasis is given to the description of the manipulative technique. The research is based on the texts of Russian and American political discourse.

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Feminization of lexical changes as a problem of gender linguistics

Abstract

The main aim of the article is to describe the problem of feminization of lexical changes in the light of gender linguistics. The article analyses the
means of expressing gender in the modern French by studying feministic neologisms which appeared in the language as a result of word-building processes and metaphorical transfer of meaning. In order to prove the universality of the feminization tendency of lexical changes for the European languages the facts of German and English are also assayed.

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The possibility of translation as the criterion of language development

Abstract

The present paper deals with some aspects connected with the notion of language development. It is mentioned that among the criteria, defining its level, the possibility of rendering foreign texts (both literal ad special) is often used. In connection with this problem some views of Russian and foreign authors are analyzed. It is postulated that the possibility of any given language to function as a target language depends mainly not on the factors of pure linguistic but rather extralinguistic character. The subjective moment (the competence of translators) plays an important role as well.

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