IKBFU's Vestnik

Philology, pedagogy, and psychology

Cognitive and discoursive aspects of linguistic research

Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps

Abstract

Any linguistic analysis when done on the basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation. The use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of the cognitive structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation.

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On the application of aspect bades approach method to semantic-funktional description of complex subordinate closes

Abstract

This article deals with the semantic-functional description of German Complex subordinate clauses. This approach envisages the analysis of the
clauses in two directions. The first one is the systematic-language approach, the second one is the speech approach. The article gives seven aspects of the clause organization and functioning that reveal complex relationships of semantic and structural parameters constituting specifics of Complex clauses.

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Berlin in the contemporary German literature

Abstract

The article considers the allegorical image of Berlin in the contemporary german novel. It is discussed how apocalyptic images are used to create the urban space of Berlin by the western ad eastern writers after the reunification. Special emphasis is given to the contemporary concept of the antiutopian urbanization.

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Grammatical antithesis as a mean of objectifiction of emotional meaning in the discource

Abstract

In the article general description of pragmatical usage of the different shape-generating suffixes are presented, the role of linguistic category of intensity and it’s influence upon the realization of the emotional axiological connotative meaning in these suffix are exposed. As an example of illustration of the declared propositions the psycholinguistic analysis of grammatical antithesis, taken from the art discourse is undertaken.

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The background knowledge as a language indicator of the intentional manipulative proposition

Abstract

The article deals with the problem of language manipulation by the recipient’s perception with the help of the background knowledge. The special
emphasis is given to the description of the manipulative technique. The research is based on the texts of Russian and American political discourse.

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Feminization of lexical changes as a problem of gender linguistics

Abstract

The main aim of the article is to describe the problem of feminization of lexical changes in the light of gender linguistics. The article analyses the
means of expressing gender in the modern French by studying feministic neologisms which appeared in the language as a result of word-building processes and metaphorical transfer of meaning. In order to prove the universality of the feminization tendency of lexical changes for the European languages the facts of German and English are also assayed.

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The possibility of translation as the criterion of language development

Abstract

The present paper deals with some aspects connected with the notion of language development. It is mentioned that among the criteria, defining its level, the possibility of rendering foreign texts (both literal ad special) is often used. In connection with this problem some views of Russian and foreign authors are analyzed. It is postulated that the possibility of any given language to function as a target language depends mainly not on the factors of pure linguistic but rather extralinguistic character. The subjective moment (the competence of translators) plays an important role as well.

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Theory and practice of the professional training of linguists at the university

Implications of J. L. Holland’s theory: applicability of RIASEC structure and assessment to English language teachers of the Kaliningrad region

Abstract

This paper sets out to examine empirical implications of J. L. Holland’s theory relevant to the applicability of the RIASEC model’s structure and Holland-based assessments of 240 English Language teachers of the Kaliningrad region. The results proved to be mixed but somewhat more supportive of the applicability of Holland-based RIASEC structure for assessing vocational needs of Russian foreign language teachers.

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Case-technologies as the means of managerial competence formation of bachelors of linguistics

Abstract

The article describes the relevance of the managerial competence formation of bachelors of linguistics. The assence of the imperative function, which realizes managerial activity of the foreign language teacher is analysed. The main features of the management of the educational process are characterized. In order to form the managerial competence case-technologies are offered to use. The classification of cases, including linguistic, speech and communicative cases is described.

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The floor is given to young scientists

The tactics of appeal to happiness/regret as speech instruments for implementing the strategies of defining recipient’s emotional status

Abstract

This article deals with the ways of the strategies of defining recipient’s emotional status explication in the modern German poetry discourse. Especially we are concentrating on lexical tools of the tactics of appeal to happiness and tactics of appeal to regret. The examples of implementation of the strategy of defining recipient’s emotional status are poems, which are devoted to consideration of concept LOVE.

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On the questions of correlation between semantic and social roles of adverbal actants

Abstract

The article is devoted to analysing possible filling of the semantic valence of a verb by the participants of a situation (actants) performng various roles. The problem of the semantic and social role correlation is the focus of our attention.Moreover, the principles of marking semantic cases are considered; role and non-role actions are described; shortcomings of the role nomenclature are specified.

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The letter to itself: about communications problem in a picture of the world of N. Kononova (on a story example «The Amnesia Anastass»)

Abstract

In the article the phenomenon «Another I» of the hero on a story material «the Amnesia Anastasia» is analyzed by N. Kononov. In work the letter as the basic way of communications of the hero with the imagined addressee is considered, and existence of the alternative person of the hero contacts special unsteadiness, instability and step-type behaviour of the art world of the given author.

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The distinguishing characteristics of the existential LONELINESS verbal implementation in the authorial narrative discourse of F. Kafka

Abstract

This article is devoted to considering the key notions of existential philosophy such as “existential intent” and “existential”. Scientific credence is given to their relevance to linguistic researches and correlation with the basic notions of cognitive linguistics. More specifically, this article exposes the kernel and the peripheral concepts of the existential LONELINESS. It also reveals the analysis of their representation peculiarities in the nonfictional and the fictional discourse of F. Kafka.

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Cоncept of LOVE in religious consciounsness of J. H. Wichern

Abstract

The article deals with the content of religious concept of LOVE in J. H. Wichern’s religious consciousness. In the article are described the conceptual indications of the concept of LOVE and is identified the structure of the concept researched.

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Language specificity of the texts of political speeches of Angela Merkel

Abstract

This article discusses the concept of discourse, its special form political discourse, the verbal behavior of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, especially her ability to put into practice different speechmeans in political communications. It focuses on the analysis of the linguistic-stylistic and pragmalinguistic resources realized in the texts of her political speeches. In this article is discovered a new tactic called "tactic of pickup statements minded / opponents."

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The Theory of the Inner Form of the Word in the Semantic Research of A. A. Potebnja and W. von Humboldt

Abstract

The article analyzes the influence of works by A. Potebnja and W. von Humboldt on the development of modern linguistic theory of the inner form of the word which became the basis for numerous modern studies in the spheres of semantics dealing with the issues of contextual meaning. The main foundations of the mentioned-above theory are being examined as well as the ways of creating the inner form of the word in a language and the causes of its loss are being explored with the help of practical examples.

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