Functional and semantic characteristics of emotive and perceptual vocabulary in hagiography of Nikolay Yaponskiy.
The authors study emotive and perceptual vocabulary through its semantic reflection of the holy as the most important component of religious linguistic consciousness. The complex approach offered in the works of S. P. Lopushanskaya served as the basis for analyzing the language material. It examines the intralinguisitic systemic analysis of language unit structures, paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations at various levels of the language hierarchy, and their functional application in various contexts...
System of exercises for teaching clothes vocabulary to international students
This article is dedicated to the problem of teaching clothes vocabulary to international students studying philology with the second certification level of command of the Russian language. The author considers the basic types of exercises used in the training process and provides corresponding examples.
Г., Щукин А.
Словарь методических терминов (теория и практика преподавания языков). СПб., 1999.
О классификации упражнений в речевой деятельности // Иностранные...
The problem of research on the material culture vocabulary in the dialects of the Volgograd region
This article considers approaches to the analysis of material culture vocabulary used in scientific literature and overviews the dialects of the Volgograd region. The author addresses the principles and methods of analysing the folk-craft vocabulary of different secondary dialects on the basis of data obtained from filed studies in the settlements of the region.
Русские народные говоры в советский период: К проблеме соотношения языка и диалекта. Саратов, 1967.
The frame approach to teaching vocabulary in Russian as a foreign language classes
This article considers the possibilities of using the frame approach to teaching Russian as a foreign language. The author examines the content and structure of the learning frame of “Russian holidays.” The means to organise vocabulary and grammar elements are pre¬sented within a concrete frame model
1. Берков В. П., Беркова А. В., Беркова О. В. Как мы живем. Пособие по страноведению для изучающих русский язык. СПб., 2002.
2. Гурина Р. В. Соколова Е. Е. Фреймовое представление знаний. М., 2005...
The conceptual profiles of the oeuvre of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov and M. Sholokhov (according to the data of the comparative analysis of frequent vocabulary)
The following article offers a methodology combining the quantitative and ideographic methods of text analysis. The contexts of frequent vocabulary help build up the "conceptual profiles" of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov, and M.Sholokhov, which reflect the individual correlation of denotative spheres in the oeuvre of each author.
Статистический подход к исследованию плана содержания художественного текста // Минц З. Г. Блок и русский символизм: Избр. труды: в...
The translation of colloquial and low colloquial lexis into the Russian language: The semantic and stylistic aspects
The paper deals with some peculiarities of translating colloquial and lowcolloquial vocabulary functioning in the novels of S. Maugham into Russian. The features of translation equivalents are identified at the stylistic and semantic levels. The ways of compensating for the lost components of meaning are shown. In spite of that the colloquial and low-colloquial elements belong to typologically different languages, some similarities are observed at semantic and stylistic levels.
1. Кожина М. Н. Стилистический...
The correction of university students’ knowledge as a subject of pedagogical studies
This article is devoted to the little-studied pedagogical problem of correcting higher university students’ knowledge. The authors offer a definition of the concept of “knowledge correction” and identify its essence, objectives, orientation, structure, functions and results within the training process. Тhe article considers the system of knowledge correction methods, including personalized knowledge correction tests. The authors focus on the interrelation between didactic control and knowledge correction...
On some trends in the foreign vocabulary assimilation process in the modern German language
Nowadays foreign vocabulary pronunciation regardless of the language is one of the highest priority issues. This is especially urgent for the German language because foreign words, spelt in Latin alphabet, retain their orthographic image.
The article studies phonetic assimilation processes of those foreign words and loanwords from different languages in the modern German language which are pronounced in accordance with the norms of the English language pronunciation. The author analyses foreign...
On the eurysemy of adjectives in the modern English language
The English adjective GOOD is under study in the article. Samples of its meanings found in dictionaries are compared with those from the Oxford English Corpus. As a result of the contrastive analysis, considerable changes were found. This spectrum of differences as well as combinative potential of GOOD gave occasion to rubricate this adjective as eurysemic.
1. Авдеев А. А. Проблемы широкозначности и ее соотношение с полисемией и дейксисом (на материале имен существительных английского, русского...
The theme of the artist's fate in S. Dovlatov’s essay “Riding a snail”
Having chosen the essay as the primary genre, S. Dovlatov, addresses the fate of the artist and sculptor M. Shemyakin. The article examines the central theme for the writer of the fate of a creative personality in the conditions of the totalitarian USSR regime in the era of stagnation and subsequent forced emigration. The humorous-ironic style is shown to have allowed the writer to raise the question of the fate of M. Shemyakin, I. Brodsky, his own fate and, in general, of the tragic fate of non-conformist...
Translation of non-equivalent words during the localization of computer games
The article deals with linguistic aspects of localizaton, in particular, with cultural adaptation of non-equivalent lexis in the translation of computer games from Russian into English. The research is focused on the types of nonequivalent lexical units typical of game discourse and their translation into the Russian language.
1. Esselink B. A practical guide to localization. John Benjamins Publishing, 2000.
2. O’Hagan M., Mangiron C. Game Localization: Translating for the global digital entertainment...
Functions of somatisms in the poetry of B. Pasternak
The article analyzes the somatic vocabulary in the poetry of B. Pasternak. It is concluded that the poet actively uses the words of this semantic class that is associated with some peculiarities of his world perception. The quantitative analysis of somatic elements shows that more than 100 somatisms are used in the poet's lyrics. Of these, the words associated with visual perception (eyes, pupil, etc.) are most actively used, the second most important unit is the hand and its components (arm, shoulders...
The functional features of metadiscription of beliefs in a literary text: The case of I. S. Turgenev’s works
This article considers the topical linguistic problem of metalinguistic potential of a natural language and identifies the cases of its specific functional tensions (the description of nonverbal signals designed within the ideal spacetime of a literary text). The chosen methodological approaches to the problem are new, however, they are based on the concepts developed by specialists in the field of applied psychology and semiotics, on the one hand, and prominent Russian linguists, on the other.
On the function of biblical anthroponyms David and Goliath in poetic texts of A. I. Polezhaeva and V. Ya. Bryusova
The author studies lexical dominants of the vocabulary of precedent biblical anthroponyms David and Goliath in the biblical texts and poetic texts based on the Bible. It is shown that the precedent name in the poetic text becomes a means of expressing the author’s assessment of the depicted. Changes are revealed in the semantics of images resulting from the author’s individual assessment and the reader’s perception. The author demonstrates the dependence of the functioning of the two biblical anthropoetonims...
The role of intertextuality in the formation of the opposition soul-body in Nikolai Kononov's «Eugenia's Genius»
The authors examine intertextual links between N. Kononov's story «Eugenia's Genius» (1998) and the myth of Cupid and Psyche from Apuleius «Metamorphoses, or The Golden Ass» by Apuleius, »Light breath» by I. A. Bunin and Roman M. Kundera's «The Unbearable Lightness of Being». The authors explore the role of these relations in the formation of the artistic concepts of «soul» and «body» in N. Kononov's works. The authors аnalyse similarities of N. Kononov's texts with the above mentioned works in their...
The numerological code in Nikolai Kononov’s short story “Tripartite Sibling”
Based on N. Kononov’s short story, this article analyses the numerological code relating to the generation of the plural from the singular I (ego). An increase in the number of objects is accounted for by the dynamic equation N = N+1. The author examines both the visible and hidden techniques of the code representation based on the game possibilities of the language and intertextual references.
1. Песни и романсы русских поэтов. М. ; Л., 1963.
2. Дмитровская М. Коли муза Клио: история души человеческой...
Dynamics of syntactic sense realisation and conceptual shifts at the periphery of syntactic fields
This article deals with the process of conceptual shift that creates a syntactic field with its nucleus and peryphery. In the latter the superposition of prototypically opposed meanings and concepts substitutes for the polysemy of syntactic units, thus resulting in the overlap of syntactic fields. In this process vocabulary is of great importance.
Semantische und konzeptuelle Repräsentation lexikalischer Einheiten // R. Ruzicka, W. Motsch (Hrsg.).
Untersuchungen zur Semantik...
Cultural Transfer and Etymology
... including in Old English. The article shows that cultural transfer explains the fact that philosophical lexis originates from handicraft terms. Cultural transfer determines the choice of lexical transferences and creates new possibilities for topical vocabularies through demonstrating different paradigms of the structural exchange of knowledge. Transferences belong to the realm of transition from the concrete to the abstract and determine the evolutionary lines of historical semantics.
Peculiarities of confix adverbs in the Russian language of the XXI century: the case of dish recipes
In the XXI century, the prevailing trend towards analytical forms creates absolutely new conditions for adverbial vocabulary development in general and confix adverb development in particular. The article considers semantic, structural and syntactical classification of substantive-adverbial phrases belonging to the thematic group “Dish recipes”, many of which include confix adverbs. The article considers the peculiarities of these structures in the diachronic perspective. The author analyses contexts...
The verbalisation of punctuation marks in written and oral texts: The functional aspect
This paper considers the concept of verbalization of punctuation marks, its regular and expressive forms in spoken and written language. The author identifies the functions of verbalized punctuation and other written marks in literary (M. Vishnevetskaya, V. Makanin, I. Dubcova), journalistic (radio programmes), scientific and dictionary texts, as well as idiomatic expressions. The verbalization of punctuation marks is interpreted as a manifestation of author’s punctuation.
1. Вишневецкая М. Архитектор...
New verbal nouns with the meaning of an abstract action or state
The social determination of current neological processes contributes to the expansion of the vocabulary of the contemporary Russian language. In analysing new nouns derived from verbs, this article examines the nouns’ productivity and contribution to the word formation in the contemporary Russian language. Dictionaries of new lexis, media texts, and the Russian National Corpus are used to identify and describe the most productive wordformation types and models for verbal nouns with procedural semantics...
Speech representation of the category of authorship in modern Serbian journalism
The article reveals the specificity of the speech representation of the author’s category in the texts of contemporary Serbian publicists, devoted to the most acute and topical events in the life of Serbia’s domestic policy, in particular to the events of the election race and the results of the presidential elections in 2017. Particular attention is drawn to the ways of representing this category through the aggression in the authors’ speech. The purpose of the study is to determine the vector...
German youth slang as a reflection of modern reality
In this article, I consider how the environment affects the functioning of youth slang. I aim to explore how elements of today’s world are reflected in the vocabulary of young people. The objects of my study are units of today’s German youth slang, particularly, those identified as the most popular by surveys of the German publishing company Langenscheidt. I consider the main periods in the formation of German youth slang in the 20th/21st centuries and review the events that affected its formation...
Reflections on the dictionary of an integral type
The article focuses on the issue of an integral word description in dictionaries. The principle of integrity implies that the most complete information about a word is included in its dictionary entry. The word is an independent two-sided and multifunctional unit of a language, respectively, it raises the issue of the amount and type of information about the lexical unit in the dictionaries of an integral type. The author of the article offers a solution to this problem. The proposed model of the...
The functioning of the vladyka lexeme in the Ostromir Gospels of 1056—1057
This article considers the use of the Vladyka lexeme to denote God the Father, Jesus Christ, and human rulers in the Ostromir Gospels with a Greek translation. The author analyses the semantics of the Church Slavonic lexemes as an equivalent to the paired Greek words, the way the matching Greek lexemes were selected, and the effect of semantic inconsistencies on the formation of the idea of the ruler in the consciousness of Slavs. The study employs the methods of etymological, lexicographical, lexical-semantic...
History of the words starina and starik as terms of friendship in Russian
This article explores when and under what circumstances the words starik and starina emerged as terms of friendship in standard Russian language. These terms were often used by male characters in the prose of the Khrushchev Thaw — students, scientists, and engineers. It was initially assumed that these words had become forms of address at that time. Analysis of data from the Russian National Corpus shows that these terms of friendship date back earlier than that. Starik was used to address a male...
Territorial-political and regional geopolitical systems: correlation of concepts
The article examines the notions of ‘territorial political system’ and ‘regional geopolitical system' as well as a correlation between them from the viewpoint of the socalled activity-based geospatial approach. A regional geopolitical system includes geopolitical relations between the states within the region and those with powerful external actors. A geopolitical region itself can be characterized by integration, autonomization or a permanent geopolitical conflict. A territorial political system...
Onomastic component of a linguistic identity of a Russian military officer
The article verifies the proposal that the study of the onomastic component makes it possible to reveal more fully the specific of the language personality of the Russian military officer. Theoretical analysis of existing papers results in a generalized concept of a language personality as an image of a bearer of knowledge, models of behavior and reactions, cultural-linguistic and communicative-activity values. The vocabulary activated in communication is considered from the point of view of...
Translation of new sociological terminology: challenges and solutions
Rapid development of concepts in modern sociology leads to the emergence of a large number of neological terms. Currently, the academic language of Russian sociology sees an active expansion of foreign language terminology and translated terms reflecting changes in the English-language social picture of the world. However, the lack of consistency in intra-lingual and inter-lingual translation of new terms may complicate the understanding of this terminology by representatives of multilingual academic...
Historical development of the Pomor North Lexicography: a comparative analysis of the three translation dictionaries
The article describes three dictionaries compiled by three outstanding mariners who explored the Pomor North: the “Dictionary of Muscovites” compiled by the French navigator Jean Sauvage in 1586, the “Small Russian- Norwegian dictionary” written in 1907 by polar captain Alexander Kuchin and the “English-Russian Maritime Dictionary” of the Soviet sailor Fedor Shchepetov from Arkhangelsk. A detailed comparative analysis of these sources permits to illustrate different periods of the lexicographical...
Discursive practices of the Russian diaspora in Estonia: language contacts
In this article, I use the concept of discursive practices to consider the speech practices of the Russian diaspora of Estonia. The findings of the study suggest the existence of an invariant discourse generated by an exemplary member of the diaspora. Such a discourse has formal (borrowings, code-switching, etc.), semantic (referential shifts, semantically re-oriented vocabulary, etc.), and pragmatic features. The results of the diasporic speech analysis show that the key components of a typical...
God’s Law or Categorical Imperative: on Crusian Issues of Kantian Morality
The ethics of Kant and the ethics of Crusius are strikingly similar. This is manifested in a whole range of principles and concepts. Crusius’ moral teaching hinges on the rigorous moral law which has to be obeyed absolutely, and which makes it different from other prescriptions that are binding only to a relative degree. This is very close to the Kantian distinction between hypothetical and categorical imperatives. Another salient feature of Crusius’ moral teaching is the stress laid on the sphere...
Conceptualisation of transfer and translation in modern linguistics
This paper studies the vision of translation developed within structuralism, cross-cultural studies, and semiotics and compares them with the theory of cultural transfers. The authors identify key notions of each theory or school. Some of these notions — code, opposition, discretion, and border — permeate the scientific vocabulary of many linguistic schools. However, these terms easily acquire new meanings and interpretations in research works. The continuity of communication space is key to semiotic...
How transcendental are Kant’s principles of public law?
This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the content, meaning, and scenarios of applying the transcendental principles of public law formulated in the second appendix to Kant’s treatise Toward Perpetual Peace. The author compares different interpretations of these principles by Russian and international researchers. The article strives to answer the question as to what type of ‘public’ is meant by these principles, whether these principles can serve as a priori criteria for selecting maxims...
Digital World Communication аnd Translation
The introduction of digital computers, information and communication technologies (ICTs), and the Internet/Web has broadened the scope of communication globally in ways unprecedented in human history. The “digital world” implies more than the technical and instrumental aspects and usage of technology; it equally involves our tangible human social engagement and interface with the tools and technologies themselves. The relevance of digital studies to translation studies, and vice versa, is substantial...
Pechora scrolls: St. Augustine’s miracle of the revelation of the Elder
The Ust-Tsilemsky region of the Komi Republic is known for its collection of medieval handwritten books and manuscripts. These collections found in the area of the Lower Pechora River contain a rich variety of Old Believers’ written documents of different genres. The authors explore one of these documents — St. Augustine’s Miracle of the Revelation of the Elder, which exists in two different Pechora documents. One of them is a hagiographic text created by the famous Ust-Tsilma scribe and editor...
The media image of San Escobar in the space of fictional worlds: a socio-semiotic perspective
The article deals with the process of structuring the concept of the fictitious state of San Escobar from the perspective of social semiotics, including the broadly understood context and media environment for constructing the image. The creation of the internet memes was inspired by a lapsus linguae of the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs Witold Waszczykowski. Major changes in the communicative space, the dominance of digital media resources and multimodal messages, the hegemony of visual culture...