Expanding opportunities for obtaining testimony from witnesses in criminal proceedings
Improving the quality of crime investigation is tightly linked with improving the quality of evidence gathering. The nature of the witness testimony requires further improvement of the forensic support to the process of evidence obtaining. The purpose of the study was determined by the need to consider the tactical possibilities of obtaining objective testimony from witnesses. While analyzing the ways to improve the interrogation tactics, the research considered social groups the witnesses belonged...
On the question of the reliability of witnesses’ testimony
The author explores separate aspects of the genesis of testimony. Obtaining reliable testimony from witnesses is the main objecting of this research. The author reflects on the latest developments in science, which expand a range of methods used for studying human psyche and personality as a source of information about the crime event. Based on the analysis of the current methods for obtaining reliable testimony, the author draws a conclusion on the need to develop the theoretical basis for a forensic...
A testimony of the First World War: Käthe Kollwitz’s cycle War (1922—1923)
This article analyses the cycle War (Krieg) by the German painter Käthe Kollwitz as a testimony of the First World War. The author argues that the testimony of the painter has been underestimated. Current gender studies make it possible to interpret K. Kollwitz’s works as a historical source for reconstructing the memory of the war.
1. Bohnke-Kollwitz J. Käthe Kollwitz. Die Tagebücher 1908—1943. München, 2007.
2. Comini A. Gender or Genius? The Women Artists of German Expressionism // Feminism...
A witness for the prosecution. Stanislav Dubel's testimony at the trial of Rudolf Hess
The article analyzes the life of former Polish prisoner of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz Stanislaw Dubiel (1910—?), who between 1942 and 1944 worked as a gardener at the villa of the Auschwitz commandant Rudolf Höss, and subsequently became one of the main prosecution witnesses at his trial. The trial took place in Warsaw in March 1947 and lasted 18 days. In addition to Dubiel, other Poles — former Auschwitz prisoners testified there, but Dubiel’s testimony was the most complete and contained...
The problem of poets’ “testimony” (Z/K or vivisection. The book of proceedings by M. Zolotonosov and M. Kononov)
This article focuses on the problem field of the genre-unique book of the literary critic Mikhail Zolotonosov and the poet Nikolai Kononov Z/K or Vivisection. The book proceedings. The author analyses the issues of possibility/ impossibility of a constructive dialogue between a critic and a poet, the cognoscibility/incognoscibility of poetry, the interpretation and understanding of poetic texts, etc.
1. Золотоносов М., Кононов Н. З/К, или Вивисекция. Книга протоколов. СПб., 2002.
Tactics of particular investigating actions relating to crimes against public officers
This article considers the tactics of examining the victim, suspect, and witnesses and the on-site verification of testimony in cases related to crimes against public officers based on the criminal cases studied by the author.
1. Волчецкая Т. С., Осипова Е. В., Киселев Д. Г. Структура и особенности криминалистической характеристики преступлений, совершенных в отношении представителей власти // Вестник Балтийского федерального университета им. И. Канта. Калининград, 2011. Вып. 9. С. 93—100.
The central philosophical conception of the creator of logical algebra: On the bicentenary of George Boole
The article considers the history of George Boole’s main philosophical conception consisting in using his logical-algebraic and theoretical-probabilistic methods in modelling thought processes. Despite the project’s failure, current developments in computer science and programming have surprisingly confirmed Boole’s ideas on the applicability of rigorous methods of logical calculus in the explication of thought processes.
1. Пушкарский А. Г. Джордж Буль и проблема психологизма в логике // Электронное...
«Which Side are You on, Boy?» Roman Jakobson in the Interwar Pragu
... put it, “a good half of our information comes from him,” or to give credence to the Prague Police Directorate’s portrayal of Jakobson as the resident of “the Third International… charged… with a political mission,” or to accept as fact a testimonial letter by the Czechoslovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs according to which Jakobson not only “wished to help our nation and did help” but “will be able to render very good services to our state also in the future.”
1. Genis, V., ...
The history of the myth of L. P. Karsavin’s conversion to Catholicism
There numerous publication on the conversion of the Russian scientist and religious philosopher Lev Karsavin to Catholicism. Meanwhile, the juxtaposition of the memories of those who witnessed the last years of Karsavin's life as well as many other documents of that time make it possible to assert that his conversion to another faith is only a myth created by enthusiastic zealots of Catholicism, since it contradicts the dying philosopher’s testimony.
1. Ванеев А. А. Два года в Абези. В память...
Witnessing in criminal proceedings
This article analyses witness participation in criminal proceedings. The author pays special attention to witness immunity and relevant forensic analysis. The significance of this institution is characterized from the perspective of the identity of a witness. The author stresses the importance of developing a unified approach to the procedural status of a witness. Forensic study of the identity of a witness is a key point point in the development of the institution of witnessing.
1. Баев О. Я...
Correnpondence of Wladislaw Broniewski and Irena Gelman: historical and cultural context
Having analyzed fifty-seven letters of the Polish poet Wladyslaw Broniewski and seven letters of Irena Gelman, the author explores the historical and cultural context as well as the poetic vision of the correspondents. Additionally, these letters bear testimony to their romatic feeling. The authors of the letters knew and appreciated Russian literature, which was one of the subject matters in their letters, and valued both classical Russian literature and the literatrure of the time. In their letters...
Artistic individual image of the language in P.Celan's poetry
The article represents a cognitive-discursive study of means to create an image of the language in a literary text. It involves different types of analysis such as semantic, conceptual, and interpretive. Special attention is paid to the linguistic factors that influence the creation of metalinguistic utterances, in particular, the word-formation potential of the German language (neologization). The article also stresses the importance of extralinguistic context, the knowledge of which enables to...