Geographical structure and dynamics of foreign trade relations of the Republic of Crimea with the border countries and economic security issues
The status of the Republic of Crimea as a new border region of Russia prioritizes the study of the region's foreign economic relations. The article focuses on general and particular foreign trade indicators of the Republic of Crimea while ensuring economic security of ...
The Role of Small Countries in Post-Soviet Territorial Restructuring: the Baltic Case
This author analyses the 2013 Lithuanian presidency of the EU in the context of the Ukrainian crisis and evaluates the contribution of Latvia and Estonia (the former Soviet republics set to preside over the EU in 2015 and 2018) to the shift in the power balance in the post-Soviet space. Through assessing the actions of small countries in promoting the Eastern Partnership programme with an emphasis on the anti-Russian agenda,...
German-German Relations and Credit Policy of Federal Republic of Germany in 1982-1985
This article investigates the credit policy of the Federal Republic of Germany towards the German Democratic Republic from 1982 to 1985. The author attempts to analyze the role of these credits in the development of German-German relations.
. История современной ...
Land Use Policy and Land Management in Estonia
... and denationalisation of real estate. The article describes mechanisms of the Romano-Germanic land management model, which has replaced the Soviet model in Estonia. It is shown that the model’s introduction has contributed to the development of the Republic’s land market and increased land use efficiency, in particular, in agriculture. There are positive trends towards land market development and an increase in production and investment in land use. Estonian land resources are a reliable strategic ...
Cross-Border Tourist Routes: The Potential of Russia’s North- West
... in the border regions of Russia’s North-West. The author describes successful tourist routes within the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) crossborder cooperation programmes. Particular attention is paid to the routes in the Republic of Karelia — the Blue Road, the White Road, and the Mining Road. The article stresses the importance of developing transboundary tourist routes in the border regions of Russia’s North-West. Designing and developing transboundary tourist routes ...
On interpreting the legal category “form of government” (the case of Russia and Kazakhstan)
... hasn’t been given any unambiguous interpretation. The authors point to one of the typical conceptual errors in elucidating the content of this category, admitted by some legal theorists: the essence of the “form of government of the presidential republic” concept is interpreted with descriptors of a political state regime.
1. Конституция Республики Казахстан (принята на республиканском референдуме 30 августа 1995 г....
The political debate on the change of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland after the parliamentary elections of 2015
In 1997, the Constitution of the Republic of Poland was adopted. Since then, constitutional disputes have continued in Poland. After the 2015 elections, they sharpened. In addition, Polish President Andrzej Duda proposed a change to the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. This ...
Competitiveness of the Economies of Border Regions
... analyse certain indices characterizing it. They examine the role of these regions in the development of international trade and economic relations, cross-border cooperation and international integration, taking the North-west federal district and the Republic of Karelia as a case-study. The article describes the mechanisms of building and increasing competitiveness of border regions in today’s Russia both in general and, particularly, in the Republic of Karelia as a border region of the North-west ...
Local border traffic as an efficient tool for developing cross-border cooperation
... simplified border crossing regime in border areas. This article analyses local border traffic as a cross-border cooperation tool. The territory described in the study includes the external borders of the EU (and Norway) with the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. The article will be of interest to specialists in international and, particularly, in cross-border cooperation. The authors analyse the mechanism of local border traffic and identify possible trends based on the general socioeconomic ...
The history of the integration between Russia’s Kaliningrad region and Poland’s northeastern voivodeships: A programme approach
... interact with neighboring voivodeships, 2016, Government of the Kaliningrad Region, available at:
(accessed 17.01.2017). (In Russ.)
3. Eururegion, 2016, The Consulate General of the Russian Federation in Klaipeda (the Republic of Lithuania), available at:
4. Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Poland on border crossings of 22 May 1992,...
The historical aspects and current issues of the development of Russian-Lithuanian economic relations
... the identification of the sources of modern Russian-Lithuanian economic cooperation and the prospects of future mutually beneficial economic relations. The first attempt at establishing economic relations was made in 1919. However, young Lithuanian Republic gravitated towards the West, severing ties with the Russian market. However, the initiatives of Lithuanian authorities did not result in successful state building, and the economic situation remained unchanged. The USSR leadership made an effort ...
Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s
The article provides an analysis of political party system of the Republic of Estonia in the mid-2010s. The analysis is based on the works of Moris Duverger. As one might expect, the establishment of proportionate electoral system in Estonia has resulted in the formation of a multi-party system, in which no single party ...
The contribution of V. I. Lytkin to the establishment of scientific ties between the Komi Republic and Finland
This article is devoted to the development of cooperation between the Komi Republic and Finland in the 20th century and the contribution of one of leading specialists in Finno-Ugric studies V. O. Lytkin to this process.
Краткий очерк научной поездки к зырянам в 1901—1902 ...
The fate of World War I refugees from the western provinces of European Russia and Poland in Soviet Russia in 1920
... and South-East, as well as Siberia, in early spring, which was supported by local authorities aspiring to reduce the pressure on their own regions but opposed — to no effect — by the central authorities. The planned evacuation solely to the Baltic Republics at the end of summer of 1920 was accompanied by violations, abuse of power and the absence of proper organization.
1. Государственный архив Калужской области (ГАКО). Ф. Р-337. Медынское уездное ...
The position of international community on the restoration of independence of the Baltic States
... USSR, as well as the practice of political interaction between these countries and the Baltic States. The materials and conclusions of this article can be used for further research on the foreign policies of the USA, Germany, the USSR, and the Baltic republics. In the process of the Baltics gaining their independence, western countries showed an ambivalent position and hesitancy regarding support for the struggle for liberation. As a result of internal contradictions in the USSR, Baltic leaders managed ...
How did Lithuania draw up its present borders? Part II
... the process of the formation of Lithuania’s territory during the Soviet period of its history. Facts and factors influencing decisions on the territorial issues of Lithuanian statehood are considered through the prism of relations between the Soviet republics and the central authorities of the USSR. The economic development of Soviet Lithuania was a decisive factor in the republic’s territorial organization and management. By accepting the existing borders in the post-Soviet period Russia showed ...
Human Resources of Post-war Lithuania and Their Role in the Rebuilding of Klaipeda
This article focuses on the issues of post-WWII economic restoration effort in the Soviet Lithuania. German occupation of the republic caused significant damage to its industry and agriculture. Pre-war Lithuania was an agrarian state aspiring to embark on an industrial-agrarian path of development. After the war, this aspiration did not only persist, but was intensified. To ...
Factors of Legal Classifier Construction and Improvement Methods
The article defines and compares four groups of factors influencing the construction and development of the united legal classifier in the Republic of Belarus and the classifier of legal acts in the Russian Federation: legal systems and all its structures, legislative system and all its structures, the system of public administration; electronic system of legal information collecting, processing,...
The formation of the political elite in Lithuania at the turn of the 1980s—1990s: the role of “moral politicians”
This article considers the trend of structural changes in the political elite of the Republic of Lithuania in the post-Soviet period through analyzing the role of the so-called “moral politicians” — intellectuals, artists, and cultural figures, who played a decisive role in the period of the communist system disintegration and further ...
Poland’s Foreign Policy Mechanisms: Legal Framework and Policy Analysis
... affected by the relations between the government and the president and requires consensus on all major foreign policy issues. The author emphasises the effect of the domestic policy situation on Polish foreign policy mechanism and, as a result, the Republic’s stance in the international arena.
1. Tsygankov, P. A. (ed.) 2009, Vneshnjaja politika: voprosy teorii i praktiki. Materialy nauchnogo seminara [Foreign policy: Theory and practice. Seminar materials, Serija: «Nauchnye seminary», «Kruglye ...
The Role of Tourism in the Development of Russia’s Northwestern Border Regions
... DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2015-4-8.
5. Generalnaya shema razmescheniya ob’ektov I infrastruktury turizma v razvitie Shemy territorialnogo planirovaniya Respubliki Karelia [General layout object known and the development of tourism infrastructure in the Republic of Karelia territorial planning schemes], 2007, Explanatory note, Sankt-Petersburg, p. 249.
6. Gosudarstvennaya programma RF “Razvitie kultury I turizma na 2013—2020 gody”: rasporyazhenie Pravitelstva RF ot 27.12, 2012 N 2567-р [State ...
The system of financing political parties in Latvia
This article considers the mechanism of financing of political parties in the Republic of Latvia. The author analyses the participation of financial and economic groups in the country’s political life. Key business actors affecting the formation of Latvian political system are identified. It is concluded that, since regaining ...
State policy of the republic of Tajikistan in the sphere of development of Russian language in modern educational environment
Science and culture create the strongest connections between peoples and states: An interview with Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Serbia to Russia Slavenko Terzić
The role of transit in the economy of Latvia
Transit is an important issue in the history of world economy, including the economy of Latvia. Transit makes a significant contribution to the budget of many transit countries, one of which is the Republic of Latvia. These countries do not have significant natural resources and prefer to focus on logistics and infrastructure in order to facilitate the transit process. This article focuses on the role of transit in the economy of Latvia, whose unique ...
On the ideological distance between relevant candidates for the presidency of the Republic of Poland in 2010
Polskiej (Dz. U. Nr 67, poz. 398)// Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. 2010. May. URL:
http://www. sejm. gov. pl/prawo/prezydent/prez5.htm
(дата обращения: 25.05.2010).
Zhukovsky Igor, Balobaev Vladimir
President of the Republic of Poland, policy guidelines, relevant candidates, economic issues, foreign policy issues
The intensity of population movements through the Russian- Polish border after the suspension of the local border traffic mechanism: 2016 outcomes
The mechanism of the local (or small) the cross-border movement is a form of cross-border cooperation. On the border between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Poland this mechanism worked from 2012 to 2016, and provided for a significant intensification of mutual border-crossing. In this case the suspension of the local border traffic regime on the Polish side, as well as the regime itself, caused ...
Certain issues of correlation between the international financial law and the EU law
... Право и институты Европейского союза. Современный этап эволюции : учеб. пособие. М., 2016.
9. Judgment of the Court of 5 November 2002. Commission of the European Communities v Federal Republic of Germany, Case C-476/98. ECR  I-09855.
10. Chalmers D., Davies G., Monti G. The European Union Law. Cambridge, 2010.
11. Бирюков М. М. Европейское право: до и после Лиссабонского договора....
Factors and features of innovative development of the Republic of Crimea
The innovative development of a region is the essential condition for increasing its competitiveness. The reintegration of the Republic of Crimea into the Russian Federation requires considerable efforts aimed at overcoming external geo-economic barriers in socio-economic development, as well as at revitalizing the economic activities of enterprises, including production ...
The Belarus Business Environment as Assessed by the Management of Leading Finnish Companies Operating in the Country
... University of Turku.
9. KPMG. Investment in Belarus, available at: http://www.kpmg.com/BY/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Press-Releases/Documents/Investment%20in%20Belarus%20WEB.pdf (accessed 12.09.2014).
10. Ministry of the Economy of the Republic of Belarus, 2013, Revera Consulting Group, Doing Business in Belarus, available at: http://www.economy.gov.by/dadvfiles/001713_783132_Doing_Business_ENG.pdf (accessed 12.08.2014).
11. Foreign direct investments, National Bank of the Republic ...
Modern Lithuanian foreign policy: the adjustment of traditional policy
... consider the core areas of Lithuanian foreign policy. Special attention is paid to the adjustment of the major foreign policy vector, which concentrated earlier on the cooperation with the United States of America and strategic partnership with the Republic of Poland. The article analyses the attempts of Lithuanian president Dalia Grybauskaitė to formulate the so-called «new foreign policy» based on the multivector approach to the intergovernmental cooperation. This research is timely because ...
The structure of political elite networks in the Republic of Poland in 1993—2013
... structural dynamics of political elites for the purpose of forecasting major trends in the structural transformation of Polish political elites. In the course of the study, biographical data on the presidents, ministers, advisors, and party leaders of the Republic of Poland was collected and processed. The work follows the network analysis paradigm and identifies the dynamics of the key network parameters: distance, density, transitivity, and compactness. The author analyses the dynamics of representation ...
The Baltic Finnish Peoples Divided by State and Administrative Borders: Territorial Development of the Karelians, Vepsians, and Setos
... administrative borders on the territorial and demographic development of small ethnic groups. The article analyses the case of three Baltic Finnish peoples living in the Russian North-West and divided by borders of different levels: Karelians (Finland, the Republic of Karelia, and the Leningrad and Tver regions), Vepsians (the Republic of Karelia and the Leningrad and Vologda regions), and Setos (Estonia and the Pskov region). The analysis is based on the cartographic and statistical demographic data, as ...
Small and medium public-private enterprises in the Brest region of the Republic of Belarus: performance and characteristics
This article analyses the performance of small and medium public-private enterprises in the Brest region of the Republic of Belarus in 2010—2014. The authors examine the legislative and normative framework for the development of national small and medium enterprises and addresses problems of their development in different regions of the country.
1. Амунц ...
The ethnopolitical movement as a vehicle for nationalism institutionalisation in modern Latvia
This article investigates the Popular Front of Latvia, a public ethnopolitical movement that substantially contributed to the independence of the modern Republic of Latvia. The study aims to identify how much the movement influenced the development of ethnic nationalism, which has become essential to statehood and the identification of politics. It continues to reinforce group inequality in this multiethnic ...
On the prospects of cooperation between Russian and Lithuanian innovative sectors
... research and industrial potential of the country and aimed at creating the conditions for the development of science intensive industries, which extract a high surplus value, the authors consider the research and education and innovation sectors of the Republic of Lithuania — the closest neighbour of the Russian Federation in the North-West region. The analysis of competences of Lithuanian research and education sectors helped identify promising research and technology development areas in terms of ...
Development of cross-border tourist and recreational regions on the Karelian section of the Russian-Finnish border
... the Baltic Sea Region have been extensively studied, there are still areas, which require further research. The aim of this article is to identify regions having active cross-border tourism and recreation in the adjacent territories of Finland and the Republic of Karelia. The authors propose to use an indicator characterizing the volume of incoming tourist flows. The number of tourists is not only indicative of the development of cross-border tourism and recreation; it is also one of the main criteria ...
Russian foreign trade and integration processes in the Baltic region
... 1990—2007 годах. Калининград
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, 2008. URL: www.destatis.de
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: Ministry of Economy
Statisticzny. Warszawa, 1995.
of Estonia.URL: www.stat.ee
The Baltic Sea region and increasing international tension
... No 6-FKZ «O prinjatii v Rossijskuju Federaciju Respubliki Krym I obrazovanii v sostave Rossijskoj Federa-cii novyh sub’ektov – Respubliki Krym I goroda federal’nogo znachenija Sevasto-polja» [Federal Constitutional Law “On acceptance of the Republic of Crimea into the Russian Federation and the creation of new constituent entities of the Russian Fe¬deration – the Republic of Crimea and the Federal City of Sevastopol”], 2014, Krem¬lin.ru, available at: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/bank/38220 ...
Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
Signing the agreement on local border traffic (LBT) between the Republic of Poland and the Russian Federation was welcomed by experts as an important step towards the future visa-free regime between the European Union and the Russian Federation often discussed in the international dialogue. The three years of LBT ...
Foreign economic activity of Saint Petersburg, the Leningrad Region, and the Republic of Karelia: problems and opportunities for development
In this paper, we look at the interregional cooperation in adjacent areas. Specifically, we focus our attention on the cluster of regions formed by the city of St. Petersburg, the Leningrad region and the Republic of Karelia. All three areas face a number of challenges when it comes to international trade: challenges that are shared and that require strategic coordinated solutions from regional decisionmakers. One of such solutions, for example, could ...
Pechora scrolls: St. Augustine’s miracle of the revelation of the Elder
The Ust-Tsilemsky region of the Komi Republic is known for its collection of medieval handwritten books and manuscripts. These collections found in the area of the Lower Pechora River contain a rich variety of Old Believers’ written documents of different genres. The authors explore ...
Kategorische Rechtsprinzipien in Zeiten der Postmoderne. Interview mit Prof. Dr Otfried Höffe
... subjective right of citizens), and argues that dictatorship and tyranny deserve resistance. Prof. Dr. Höffe gives detailed definitions of the notions of transcendental exchange, categorical legal principles, enlightened liberal democracy, and a world republic. This interview will supplement the body of Prof. Dr. Höffe’s works that have already been translated into Russian.
Hegel, G. W. F. 1979, Über die wissenschaftlichen Behandlungsarten des Naturrechts, seine Stelle in der praktischen Philosophie ...
Transformation of life strategies of the individual under the conditions of armed conflict
The author investigates the transformation of life strategies of people living in the area of armed conflict in Donetsk People’s Republic. Due to difficult life circumstances, civilians in the area of armed conflict lose their life goals and priorities, and their attitudes and value orientations change. These basic categories are structural elements of the value-semantic and motivationaldynamic ...
Lithuania on the way to energy independence: an experience or a lesson?
The article considers the steps taken by Lithuania towards gaining energy independence in the interbellum and the Soviet periods. The author analyses the peculiarities of the republic's energy policy after achieving independence in the early 1990s and estimates the methods of diversifying energy supply in Lithuania.
Беркманас Э. Основные черты экономики буржуазной ...
The concept “people” in the modern European political thought: Hobbes, Spinoza, Pufendorf
... philosophiques, 83 (4), pp. 481—497.
Foisneau, L., 2007. Gouverner Selon La Volonté Générale: La Souveraineté Selon Rousseau et Les Théories de La Raison d’Etat. Les Études philosophiques, 83 (4), pp. 463—479.
Gould, P., 1996. Covenant and Republic: Historical Romance and the Politics of Puritanism. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Hobbes, Th., 1782. Elementa philosophica. De cive. Basileae: apud Johan. Jac. Flick.
Hobbes, Th., 2012. Leviathan, Vol. 2: The English and Latin ...
The Development of International Tourism in Lithuania: a Comparative Analysis of Regional Aspects
... departamentas prie LR Ūkio ministerijos.
16. Morozov, V. 2004, Russia in the Baltic Sea Region: Desecuritization or Deregionalization? Cooperation and Conflict, no. 39, p. 317—331.
17. Nichols, K. 2001, Tourism as a Nation-Building Tool in the Baltic Republics, Middle States Geographer, no. 34, p. 1—9.
18. Panorama on Tourism. Eurostat Statistical Book, 2008, European Comission, 96 p., available at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat (accessed 7 November 2012).
19. Spiriajevas, E. 2008, The Impact of ...
The regional approach in the policy of the Russian Federation towards the Republic of Estonia
This author uses regionalism as a theoretical framework for analyzing the foreign policy of the Russian Federation towards the Republic of Estonia. Regionalism is interpreted as a situation, when a political leader’s beliefs change depending on what region of the world is considered. Leaders of great powers often assume that, for example, small European countries are subject ...
On the situation of crimes related to drug trafficking in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Crimes related to drug trafficking present a serious problem to modern society. Since 1986, comprehensive reforms have been carried out in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (SRV) in all spheres of life, including politics, economy, culture, etc., to create and develop market economy and the rule of law in the country. High crime rate poses a significant danger to the state. Drug trafficking is one of ...