Post-Soviet Space: background and the results of regionalization
The article deals with the regionalization of social processes and their specific manifestations in the post-Soviet space. According to the author, regionalization is developing at four levels-international (macroregional), subregional, intraregional and on country levels. The most important one is the international level. Specific features of regionalization at each level of the post-Soviet ...
Innovation performance of Russia’s Northwestern regions: a comparative evaluation
... nauchno-tehnologicheskogo i jekonomicheskogo razvitija makroregiona “Severo-Zapad”, Materials of the All-Russian scientific-practical Conference, 23—24 October 2018, p. 67—73 (In... ..., I., Stojković, N. 2020, DEA Assessment of Socio-economic Development of European Countries, Management: Journal of Sustainable Business and Management Solutions in Emerging... ...
30. Yang, Z. 2013, Empirical analysis of regional development level based on DEA model, International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, no. 51, p...
The influence of the transport factor on the investment competitiveness of coastal regions in the European part of Russia.
Given the combination of the basic territorial growth factors, the coastal regions of the European part of Russia, where large urbanized spaces have already been developed or are being developed, are of ... ... economic centers capable of harnessing the benefits of agglomeration and seaside factors in such regions. A tool to improve the level of economic development and investment attractiveness of these regions is the implementation of large trasnsport ...
The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
The aim of this article is to adjust the technique of comparing the standard of living in 11 countries of Central and Eastern Europe that became members of ... ... reveal that outright home ownership in the EU-11 countries exceeds on average 75%, while almost two-thirds of households in the EU-15 ... ... differences within seven EU member states at the Eurostat’s NUTS 2 level.
1. Åslund, A. 2012, How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation ... ... History], no. 2, p. 3—20 (In Russ.).
15. Umerova, I. A. 2009, Regionalization in terms of globalization: competitiveness factors ...
Euroregions as a factor of successful international integration in modern conditions
This article focuses on the correlation between the contemporary crisis phenomenon in the Eurozone and some CIS countries, and the existing Euroregions. We attempt to analyze the interdependence of ... ... relations of European countries with their economic sustainability in the context of regional international integration. The theoretical significance of this work lies in... ... historical-descriptive approach and factual consideration of the cross-border and macro-regional level of interaction between European countries. The main results are as follows. The...
A functional description of the model for the protection of the environmental interests of the Russian Federation in the Baltic Sea region
This article identifies the objective conditions of the conflict between the interests of development and those ... ... needs to develop and another to protect its environmental interests. The borders of the countries and regions, the economies of which affect the safety of Russia’s interests in the Baltic... ... identifying the region’s boundaries. This approach may be used in modelling the regional level of the legal protection of Russia’s environmental interests in the Baltic region...
Demographic Ranking of the Baltic Sea States
The relevance of the study lies in the acute need to ... ... developed by Yermakov and Shmakov. The method is based on the principles of indirect standardisation of the ... ... birth and mortality rates in 1995 and 2010 for 140 countries against the global average, and for the Baltic ... ... standardised birth (country consolidation at the level of averaged values) and mortality (polarisation) ... ... of demographic process development in the Baltic regions states are described against the global and ...
Geography of European Migration
In recent decades, the role of international migration has increased dramatically in most European countries. The growth in migration has made some authors proclaim ... ... profiles of European countries, and propose a classification based on the recent changes in the migrant stock. Changes in the migrant stock (total emigration and immigration) reflect the level of involvement in international and global processes. They ... ... 64—72.
11. Klokov, K. B., Stupin Yu. A., Hrushchev, S. A. 2008, Regional'nye osobennosti dinamiki chislennosti i rasseleniya korennyh ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
The existing theoretical and empirical literature focusing on interconnections between international trade, trade liberalisation, and economic ... ... industries. However, another dimension of trade liberalisation — the assessment of the level of national or regional development — needs further research. This article sets out to analyse theoretical... ... international trade is a more important source of growth for the regions of developing countries than for those of developed ones. Secondly, in terms of the regional impact...
Country Competitiveness: an Empirical Study
What makes countries competitive? What economic policies effectively influence country competitiveness? The aim of this research paper is to analyse country competitiveness ... ... Kristjánsdóttir, H. 2008, Estimating the Impact of Time-Invariant Variables on FDI with Fixed Effects, Review of World Economics, Vol. 144,... .... Fedyunina A. A. 2016, Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies, Balt.... ... area cycle of evolution be applied to find the maximum tourism level? A comparison of Norway and Iceland to other OECD countries,...
Opportunities for sustainable economic development of the coastal territories of the Baltic Sea Region in the context of digital transformation
The article explores opportunities for the sustainable ... ... development of coastal territories in the Baltic Sea region (BSR) arising in blue economy sectors in the ... ... sustainability. It also assesses the 2009—2018 level of the socio-economic development of the BSR ... ... or macroregional average. A review of literature on sustainable development in the BSR has shown that ... ... Analysis of Sustainable Development in European Union Countries. In: Loster, T., Pavelka, T. (eds.) The 10th ...
The labour market of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave amid Covid-19
The Covid-19 pandemic, which has swept across the globe, is a serious ... ... rebalance the supply-demand equation. Official statistics from the regional government and its subordinate bodies shows that the Kaliningrad ... ... transport, and warehousing. The unemployment has gone up, reaching a level above the national average; the number of vacancies is dwindling.... ...
4. Verick, S. 2011, The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Labour Markets in OECD Countries: Why Youth and Other Vulnerable Groups Have Been Hit ...
Sustainable development of the city territorial capital: adaptive policy through the geography of knowledge
When knowledge is a paramount resource, the effective management of its accumulation, use, and transfer becomes the most important ... ... commercialization of knowledge in the territorial context is primarily considered at the regional level as part of the production process, it is more appropriate to consider the knowledge... ... study, a science-related approach was used to assess the knowledge generation based on the publication activity analysis of 2013—2017 according to the international abstract...
Introducing Sectoral Models into Regional Management: An Assessment of Regulatory Impacts on the Economy
Regardless of the geography of regions, management at the regional level, both in Russia and the Baltic Sea countries, faces many challenges. Hence, it is necessary to search for new effective economic management tools, since traditional approaches and modeling practices at the regional level are not suitable for either analysing various types of impact on regional economy (production, market (product), sector, region), or assessment of their consequences and identification of ...
On the economic security of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave
An exclave position makes the economic security problems of the Kaliningrad region more complex as compared with other Russian territories. Deteriorating relations ... ... objectives include defining the concept of regional economic security and measuring its level in the Russian Baltic exclave. Possible ways to improve the economic security of the region are considered as well. Official statistics on the dynamics of industrial production and GRP and 28 other socio-economic indicators...
Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea region
Innovative activity is carried out at three levels — those of the state, region and a company or a university. This article considers the level of development ... ... differentiation of innovative activity within the Baltic region. The analysis is done on the basis of national and international research, as well as statistical data on... ... Foundation for Promotion of Entereneurship.
11. Rossija i strany mira [Russia and world countries], 2010. Moscow, Russian Federal Service of State Statistics.
12. Annual innovation...
The dynamics of agricultural land use in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries
The agricultural land dynamics is one of the central issues of ... ... analysis of its dynamics in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries was based on the following parameters: the area of cultivated agricultural ... ... policy, general economic growth and a rise in the technological level of agriculture, as well as changes in the domestic and foreign ... ... cultivated land area in the Baltic countries and the Kaliningrad region, and crop yields are growing throughout the region. Given ...
Human Development Index as a Tool to Assess Social Development in the Baltic States
Reinvigorating Russia’s development strategy requires a comparison between the social development of the Russian Federation and other Baltic region states, some of which are world leaders in terms of living standards. The most ... ... various components affecting the quality of life. This article analyses the current level and changes in the social development of the Baltic States in 1990—2016. The analysis is based on the values of human development index. Having distinct advantages and disadvantages... ... rates will be observed in the coming years across the region, and the gap between the countries will increase.
1. Akhlakova, I. R. 2012, Labor as a factor of economic...
On strengthening the territorial differentiation of the rural population and the agrarian sector of the economy in the Russian Federation
Rural settlement in Russia and its dynamics are subject to the general laws of spatial development of the economy and demography, the most important of which is polarization. At the same time, regional settlement systems differ greately due to both physical and economic geographical factors, which may show some discrepencies ... ... published by Rosstat, the article analyzes the territorial features of rural settlement and its changes in relation to the level, structure and dynamics of agricultural production in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Given their essential ...
Processes of convergence and divergence in the regions of the European Union: features and qualimetry
... though it has a rather ambiguous nature. The Law on the Common Market, which aims to increase the economic efficiency of the EU, became a subject of extensive discussions among researchers suggesting that its viability at the political and socio-economic levels depends on a fair distribution of gains among the countries and regions of the Community. These discussions resulted in a considerable increase in funding allocated for the development of the EU regions from the EU Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund aiming to reduce regional disparities. The present analysis and ...
Methods of spatial scientometrics in the study of countries and region
... SciVal. On the basis of three methods of spatial scientometrics, the main aspects of the publication activity of selected countries were analyzed. The results of the study showed that scientometrics is an important basis for analyzing the degree of countries and regions scientific potential development, and its methods make it possible to study the dependence of scientific productivity on a specific spatial level, to identify the most relevant and popular research topics and assess international relations between organizations and individual authors.
1. Price D. J. Little science, big science. N. Y., 1963.
2. Прайс Д. Наука о науке ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
This article addresses the problem of definition and identification of clusters ... ... especially in comparison to cluster formation theory based on the technological connection of adjacent units. ... ... background of the identification of institutional levels, whose full development makes it possible to ... ... it possible to consider such relatively new to the regional science phenomena as innovative and “transborder” ... ... preimuwestva stran [The competitive advantages of countries]. In: Vehi jekonomicheskoj mysli, T. 6, Mezhdunarodnaja ...
Cultural Islam in Northern Europe
In this study, we aim to analyse the position of cultural Islam in Northern European countries. To this end, we examine publications in major print media. Content analysis of relevant publications gives a detailed picture of narratives produced in mass consciousness as a reaction to the presence of Islam at the local and regional level and makes it possible to identify individual trends in the evaluation of such narratives in both scientific and popular ...
Development of cross-border tourist and recreational regions on the Karelian section of the Russian-Finnish border
Despite that fact that cross-border tourism and recreation in the Baltic Sea Region have been extensively studied, there are still areas, which require further research.... ... cross-border tourism exchange between the neighbouring administrative units of the two countries. The article also examines other tendencies indicative of the formation and... ... identified three cross-border tourism and recreation regions of different development levels: South Karelia, Middle Karelia and North Karelia. South Karelia is a mesoregion...
Current Geodemographic Problems in the European Union and Migration Crisis of the 2010s
This article demonstrates the effect of the 2010s migration crisis has had on the demographic development of the European Union. Employing ... ... characteristics. Migration inflow differs significantly by country and EU region. The authors analyse major irregular migration routes ... ... is becoming increasingly fragmented, which makes any national level demographic forecasts inconsequential. However, community-level ... ... Russ.)
12. Klupt, M. А. 2011, Immigrant minorities of Western countries: geo-demographic dynamics in the 2000s, Izvestiya ...
Migration Flows in Europe: Space and Time Transformation
One of the key manifestations of globalisation is an increase in the spatial ... ... density of migration connections between European states based on the 1990—2015 quantitative data. An analysis of migration ... ... and net migration and migration localisation at the national and regional levels makes it possible to identify key trends in the spatial ... ... migration has not narrowed the gap between source and recipient countries but, on the contrary, it has made it more pronounced ...
Matrix Representation of the Kaliningrad Regional Accounts System: Experimental Development and Modelling Prospects
This article addresses the task of creating a regional Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) in the Kaliningrad region. Analyzing the behavior of economic systems of national and sub-national levels in the changing environment is one of the main objectives of macroeconomic research.... ... Informacija ob ispolnenii bjudzhetov sub#ektov RF i mestnyh bjudzhetov [Information on execution of budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation and local
The assessment of research and technical potential in the framework of the innovative model of development of regional economy
This article considers the research and technological potential and the innovative activity in a specific region of Russia — the Kaliningrad region. The authors assess its research and technological potential, and the achieved level of innovative activity in the Kaliningrad region as prerequisites ... ... compared to the Baltic Sea region states. The authors also focus on the prerequisites for the development of research and technological cooperation between the Kaliningrad region and the Baltic Sea region countries. Special attention is paid to the opportunities for the ...
The Baltics and Russian North-West: the Core and the Periphery in the 2000s
This article analyses population changes in North-West regions of Russia (the former North-Western economic zone and the Kaliningrad region) and the Baltics at the level of urban districts and municipalities. The cohort component method is used to ... ... units were grouped by their remoteness from the center. The analysis shows that in the countries and regions studied, population concentrates in the capitals and capital areas... ... na 1 janvarja 1987 goda [Administrative-territorial division of the Soviet republics on January 1, 1987], 1987, Moscow.
2. Gritsay, O., Ioffe, G., Treyvish, A. 1991, Centr...
On digitalization of the Kaliningrad region as an economic security element
... recent years, are increasingly integrated into modern economic and social processes. The course towards digitalization taken by most countries is determined by the onset of a new digital era, when knowledge and information... ... this study is to assess some quantitative indicators reflecting the readiness of the region's economy for digitalization. For this purpose, the integral index is calculated... ... resources of the digital economy, the presence of a digital portrait of companies and the level of their internal digitalization, the development of e-commerce and digital...
Assessing competitiveness of the Baltic states in tourism
... aggregate index comprises four sub-indices (conditions, infrastructure, accessibility, and attractiveness), 22 components, and over 100 indicators. The calculations use a wide range of data sources. The results are displayed in charts and graphs. The Baltic region states are seen to have a high (Germany) or relatively high level of competitiveness. All the countries perform well on tourism infrastructure development and conditions for doing business in tourism. The Baltic reign states rank differently on the affordability of tourism. Germany is the regional leader in terms of attractiveness, followed by the Russian Federation,...
International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis
This article examines the processes of international research cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. It focuses on research works published in the leading periodicals in 1993—2012. The empirical ... ... Scopus, which makes it possible to evaluate macroindicators at the national and global levels as well as the contribution of scholars to the global progress. The article also... ... offers an assessment of the efficiency of research activities in the Baltic Sea region countries. It is based on a number of scientometric indicators that reflect the performance...
The effect of cross-border fibre-optic transitions on the information and communication connectivity of the Russian cities
The Russian cities are connected by many telecommunication ... ... including those running through the networks of other countries. Cross-border transitions are created to ... ... international networks. The effect of these transitions on the connectivity of the cities has not been analysed ... ... carried out at the physical, economic, and digital levels of connectivity. For each level, I calculate ... ... by the impossibility of connecting the Kaliningrad region with mainland Russia without using international ...
Typological differences between the coastal regions of Russia's Western borderlands
The “gravitational force” of the sea is an important factor in regional development, and though it has not been sufficiently studied, it has received increasing attention in the last two decades. The article focuses on the economic features of 11 federal subjects of the Russian Federation located along ... ... reflecting the main natural and socio-economic characteristics of the regions) then GRP level, structure and growth rates were considered. The analysis resulted in the overall...
Competitive effects of low trade barriers: evaluations for the Kaliningrad region
... factor affecting competition in domestic markets. Considering the vastness of Russian territory, one can expect the pro-competitive effect to vary from region to region. This analysis tests the hypothesis that the unique ... ... international trade, which, in turn, exerts competitive pressure on regional prices. The study incorporates two major lines of analysis: ... ... trade was found in the course of a comparative analysis of price levels in the regions of the Northwest Federal district: the cost ... ... Roberts, M., Tybout, J. 1996, Industrial Evolution in Developing Countries, Oxford University Press.
14. Tybout, J. 2003, Plant- ...
Cultural and landscape zoning in the North- West Russia
This research was conducted in the framework of cultural geography — a relatively recent field of geography. This ... ... Russia, which includes Saint Petersburg, the Leningrad, Novgorod, Pskov, and Kaliningrad regions. This article sets out to develop and test the methodology for historical and cultural zoning at the mesogeographical level. The research and practical significance of the work lies in the identification... ... rational management of territorial cultural and historical heritage. The authors rely on historical and cultural zoning as the basic geographical method of research on cultural...
Social Facilitation: the Kaliningrad Region and Russian Mainland Regions
The authors look at the concept of social facilitation as a possible ... ... consolidation in the course of social reforms. The article focuses on the results of an empirical study of the levels and characteristics of competence in social facilitation,... ... social development. The study was conducted in the Kaliningrad region in 2012—2013. The data was obtained through a survey of ... ... nature, a relatively small territory, and proximity to the EU countries. It is stressed that the regional conditions affecting ...
Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation
This article analyzes the principles of spatial planning, which form the basis for this type of urban development in the countries of the European Union (EU) and in the Russian Federation.... ... cohesion through a more balanced social and economic development of regions and improved competitiveness; 2) encouragement of development ... ... tourism. An efficiency analysis of these principles showed that the level of their application for ensuring sustainable development ... ... [Resolution of the CPSU Central Committee and USSR Council of Ministers on March 20, 1974 N 206 «On measures for further development of ...
Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
This article considers the problem of security in the Baltic region, namely, that of Poland and the Baltics. The authors rely on the works of Karl Deutsch, Emanuel Adler, on Michael Barnett’s theory of security communities and Barry Buzan’s regional ... ... the Baltic region does not seek an open military conflict with Russia. On the contrary, the US strives to preserve the current level of confrontation between Russia and the EU, convincing the latter of the reality of the Russian threat. Countries that traditionally support confrontation with Russia, Poland and the Baltics, serve as a conduit for Washington strategy ...
Centres for the generation of scientific publications of the international level in the regions of Russia
In the past few years there has been a significant increase in the number of publications ... ... of scientific work scientometric indicators are used to compare the achievements of countries, regions and individual researchers. Thus spatial scientometrics makes it possible to organize data on the information flow of scientific publications and to optimize navigation in the publication space at various spatial levels. The aim of this work is to identify centers for the generation of scientific...
The demographic problems of the Baltic cities: general trends
....gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook> [Accessed 8 Oktober 2010].
6. Eurostat regional yearbook 2009. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, p. 158.
7. Urban Audit. [online] Available at: <http://ec... ....eu/regional_policy/themes/urban/audit/ index_en.htm> [Accessed 8 Oktober 2010].
8. Survey on perceptions of quality of life in 75 European. 2010. EUROPEAN COMMISSION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL... ... Mikheeva Natalia
demographic problem, population decline, aging nation, migration level, urban areas, urban growth, Nordic countries, Baltic Sea states, Poland
Innovative development of Russian coastal regions: north–south divergence
Coastal regions are territorial social systems whose socio-economic and innovative development is strongly influenced by the factor of coastalisation. The effect of movement to the sea determines the dynamics ... ... that will fit all of them. One can speak only of general trends. This study focuses on identifying differences between the innovation systems of northern and southern coastal... ... assessment of heterogeneity of innovative development at municipal and interregional levels, using four groups of indicators: human capital, economic growth and clustering...
The danish parliament as an actor of Denmark’s foreign policy towards the EU and Russia: a comparative analysis, 2005—2019
The growing number of participants in foreign policy decision-making ... ... are exercised in the same manner towards different states and regions. This article aims to find out how the Danish Parliament ... ... Russia. The concentric circles model is employed to assess the level of the Danish Parliament’s participation in the foreign ... ... comparative analysis of the evidence of the Parliament’s influence on Denmark’s relations with the EU, the EFTA, and Russia. The ...
Billionaires and Millionaires of the Baltic Sea Region: A Comparative Analysis of National Business Elites
Local business elites make a major contribution to the development of the Baltic region’s countries, shaping their present and future. The Baltic business elites are an integral ... ... class — a product of the global economy and the global division of labour. Drawing on a sizeable body of statistics, the author conducts a comparative analysis of the... ... number of billionaires and millionaires, strong roots in the German society, a high level of female representation, a relatively even geographical distribution, engagement...
The Legal Regulation of the EU Immigrant Integration Policy
In this article, I consider the legal aspects of the EU policy on the integration of immigrants into the host society. The current EU basic law does ... ... policy development, and examine the formation of relevant legislation at a national level in the case of Germany. Using the method of legal analysis, I suggest the following... ... Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. URL:
Current problems in Russian-Latvian relations
... still influenced by a series of mutual claims that appeared after the demise of the USSR. Latvia — as well as Estonia and Lithuania ... ... EU and NATO member state. However, unlike the above mentioned countries, its relations with Russia are developing at a more pragmatic level. Numerous political differences often result in economic ... ... national features without referring to theoretical models based on the mythological “unity” of the three Baltic States.
7. Vlozhenie i otdacha regiona [The Investment and return the region], 1988, Pravda, December 6.
8. Latvijas statistika, available ...
Innovative development of rural settlements of the Leningrad region
The geography of modern innovation processes increasingly covers not only megalopolises ... ... public access to various innovative solutions and technologies that can increase the level of well-being and the quality of the living environment. The purpose of this study... ... services as the basis for activating the innovation process. The study is carried out on urban and rural municipalities of the Leningrad region. Special attention is paid to the spatial factor in concentration of service...
Social standards of motherhood and childhood in the world and Russia
The aim of the study is to study the system of social standards ... ... the system of support of motherhood and childhood in different countries of the world according to different criteria. The study ... ... programs to support mothers and children at both the federal, regional and municipal levels; and the comparison of the issue ... ... are largely determined by the current demographic situation, the level of economic development, historical, religious and cultural ...
Current trends in the development of a green finance system: methodology and practice
The concept of green growth and sustainable development ... ... growth are the transformation of the finance system, on the one hand, and the creation of a new financial ... ... mechanism and a green bond market in the Baltic Sea countries is analysed to determine national features ... ... «green» economy: a comparative analysis of the regions of the North-West, Ekonomika i sotsium: sovremennye ... ... sustainable development indicators at national and EU level, Ecological Indicators, no. 35. p. 35—42. doi: ...
The European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region and accomplishments
The sea and inland hinterland of Baltic Europe form ... ... collaboration links, and competition in the Baltic Sea region, are an inherent feature of the region from ... ... fact no doubt strengthened the cooperation of the countries in the region. In many spheres, these ties ... ... common goals, which strengthen cooperation and draw on the Baltic Sea potential. Three main pillars are ... ... cooperation involves joint development plans on various levels: governmental, regional and local with the participation ...