Typological differences between the coastal regions of Russia's Western borderlands
... selected typological features reflecting the main natural and socio-economic characteristics of the regions) then GRP level, structure and growth rates were considered. The analysis resulted in the overall assessment of the socio-economic situation in regions of different types. Considering the typological features of the regions, the prospects for their future development based on the strengthening of the coastal factor are outlined.
Fedorov G. M.
coastal region, coastal position, gravitational force ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... Rossii v perehodnyj period [Clusters and territorial-industrial complexes in regional development, regional development and regional policy in Russia during the transition period], Moscow, Izd-vo MGTU im. N. Je. Baumana, p. 191―208.
10. Pilipenko, ... ... 2004, Principial'nye razlichija v koncepcii promyshlennyh klasterov i territorial'no-proizvodstvennyh kompleksov [The principal differences in the concept of industrial clusters and territorial production complexes], Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Ser....
Innovative development of Russian coastal regions: north–south divergence
... regional innovative development. A statistical assessment is supplemented by a qualitative analysis of spatial patterns of innovation capital accumulation; the agglomeration factor is taken into account. It is shown that northern and southern coastal regions perform very differently on innovative development, the latter doing better than the former. Three main models of innovation generation, implementation, and accumulation of coastal regions are described. Each is associated with a different way to benefit from proximity ...
Comparative analysis of students’ collective consciousness in the Russia-EU and Russia-China border regions: mathematical modelling
... capital. This study is particularly important in relation to Russian youth, who have become one of the most active social groups. The public demand for the analysis of collective consciousness has been constantly growing. The authors argue that there are regional differences in collective consciousness, which are manifested most prominently in the comparison of eastern and western regions. The growing intensity of interaction between Europe and Asia makes the comparison of the western and eastern border regions ...
Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region
... identify structural characteristics of the Baltic Sea region. This requires studying practices of transnational and transboundary cooperation and possibilities for their adoption in other regions of the world. An important characteristic of the Baltic Sea region is a considerable difference between its coastal territories, the fact that affects the development of multilateral relations. This article examines the most pronounced socioeconomic differences that should be taken into account when forecasting cooperation trends in t ...
Approaches to the Definition of the Baltic Sea Region
... research literature, the implementation of international programmes and initiatives of international and intergovernmental organisations, and the application of the method of cartographic analysis have contributed to defining the territory of the Baltic region. The analysis shows three spaces that differ in the effect of the Baltic Sea on their territorial development. This approach proposes three definitions of the Baltic Sea region — a narrow, an extended, and a broad one, each serving a different purpose and being characterised by a different ...
Evaluating and Measuring the Security of Russia’s Border Regions: Theory and Practice
... specific, and special indicators as well as the impact of protective measures on economic security. To justify our proposals, we analyse the economic security of the Kaliningrad region; it is a study based on an evaluation of protective measures in the regional agricultural industry and of the effect of different factors on the generation of value added in the sector. We emphasise the need to take into account regional conditions when assessing economic security and to introduce economic and mathematical calculations into the relevant measurement algorithm ...
The influence of the sea on the economic development and settlement structure in the Baltic Sea region
... analysis helps to identify a special type of mesoregions — coastal development corridors, which make an important contribution to the economic development and consolidation of the Baltic macroregion. In transnational macroregions, such typological differences must be taken into account in strategic and spatial planning at the intergovernmental level.
1. Alkhimenko, A. P. 1992, Issues of the regional organization of marine nature management and management of marine complexes. In: Alkhimenko, A. P. (ed.) Regional'naya organizatsiya i upravlenie morekhozyaistvennymi kompleksami strany, Abstracts of the Vth Conference on Geography and Oceanography,...
Russian Population Ethnic Structure: Trends and Transformations
... 2010, the article analyzes the evolution of the ethnic structure of the population of the post-Soviet Russia from the territorial perspective. The stability of the ethnic structure of the “Russian mega nucleus” and indigenization of the national regions are considered in view of the differences in migration trends during the two inter-census periods and the socioeconomic situation in the regions. The urbanization rate of major ethnic groups is an indirect indicator of the prospects of traditional “primordial” ethnic identities ...
Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands
... contribute to a more detailed definition of demographic security and a better methodology of regional population studies. In practical terms, the study has relevance to the development of proposals for improving national and regional demographic policy and regional strategic planning given the identified typological differences.
Fedorov G. M.
demographic situation, demographic situation, demographic security, Russia, Western borderlands
Migration and the Transformation of Multiethnic Population Structure in the Kaliningrad Region of the Post-Soviet Era
... region. The author uses official statistics (current statistics and census data), as well as interviews with the representatives of ethnic cultural associations as information sources. Special attention is paid to the migration features associated with different ethnic groups. The author identifies major reasons behind the incoming and outgoing movement of population. In the post-Soviet period the Kaliningrad region has experienced positive net migration. This active migration into the region has contributed to the development of “migration networks” and established a new basis for further population increase through migration. The article describes changes ...
Population Change in the Neighbouring Regions of Russia and the European Union States
... enjoy a more or less favourable demographic situation, which, however, differs from place to place. To attain the aims of the study, I analyse official data from Russian and EU statistical offices and map the results obtained. I identify significant differences between border regions and cities. The most adverse demographic situation is observed in the borderlands of the Baltics, a slightly better one in Poland and Finland. As to Russia’s border regions, a population increase is characteristic of Saint Petersburg and the ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
... (21). DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-3-3.
5. Bolychev, О. N. 2013, Territorial'naja differenciacija razvitija roznichnoj torgovli i torgovyh setej v Rossii [Territorial differentiation of retailers and retail chains in Russia], Region sotrudnichestva [Region cooperation], no. 3 (59).
6. Bolychev, О. N. 2009, Torgovaja set': formirovanie i strategicheskoe upravlenie na raznyh jetapah razvitija [Trading Network: formation and strategic management at different stages of development], Kaliningrad, 87 p.
7. Bolychev O., Fidrya E. 2013, Issledovanija mezhorganizacionnyh setej v zapadnoj jekonomicheskoj sociologii: analiz teoreticheskih podhodov [Inter-organizational networks as seen by western economic ...
The changing role of border regions in the regional policies of the EU and Russia
... cooperation is no longer part of the regional policy. Border regions, however, have received an increasing proportion of federal investments in recent years, particularly, amid the reunification with the Crimea. The study calls for better coordination between different areas of the federal socio-economic policy on border regions and closer attention to border regions’ foreign economic ties, particularly, within the implementation of the Strategy for the Spatial Development of the Russian Federation.
Kuznetsov A. V., Kuznetsova О. V.
border regions, coastal regions,...
The concepts of enclave and exclave and their use in the political and geographical characteristic of the Kaliningrad region
... levels) are extended and introduced. The author offers a new classification of contemporary and historical enclaves and exclaves. The article identifies the specific features of the Kaliningrad region in comparison to other enclave territories. The difference between the exclavity of the Kaliningrad region in the Soviet and post-Soviet periods is emphasised. The author shows the evolution of the use of concepts of enclave and exclave for describing the fe atures of the Kaliningrad region’s positions from the perspective of the mother and surrounding ...
Mobility and migration intentions of the Reform Generation and Millennials of the Kaliningrad region
This paper focuses on the results of a sociological study of mobility and migration intentions of the Reform Generation and Millennials in the Kaliningrad region. In this regard, different approaches to the theory of generations are analyzed. The authors define the age groups that make up the Reform Generation and the Millennials and identify features of the designated generations. The article makes an attempt to combine the ...
Social Facilitation: the Kaliningrad Region and Russian Mainland Regions
... motivation for social
activity in youth, and a narrow range of ideas about possible areas of personal activities in the current conditions. Gender differences are identified in the level and structure of competence. The authors believe that certain differences in competence components identified through mathematical methods are determined by the geographical characteristics of the Kaliningrad region — its exclave nature, a relatively small territory, and proximity to the EU countries. It is stressed that the regional conditions affecting motivation, forms and areas of activities, and structure of experience should be taken into account in ...
On the concept of normative evaluation of cost-effectiveness of GLONASS application in coastal regions
... take from 3 to 5 years. The introduction and integrated use of GLONASS pose a number of organizational and economic problems for regional administrations. One of such problems is the evaluation of economic benefit from GLONASS implementation in the region. Economics has developed a large number of methodological approaches to the calculation of such effects in different fields of satellite information application: Earth's remote probing, crop yield forecasts, forestry, water industry and agricultural monitoring, etc. However, the research shows that attempts to perform a calculation for various fields of satellite ...
Migration in the Kaliningrad region reflected in the 1989—2015 censuses and microcensuses
... and the 1994 and 2015 microcensuses. We conclude that the proportions of residents born locally and in post-Soviet Asian countries have been increasing in recent decades. At the same time, the contribution of the natives of Belarus and Ukraine to the region's population is rapidly declining, largely due to the change of generations having a different migration history.
Abylkalikov, S. I., Sazin, V. S.
migration flows, migrant stock, migration, census, microcensus, repatriation programme
Socioeconomic typology of Russia’s coastal regions
The relevance of this study stems from the importance of Russia’s coastal regions for the development of the national economy and foreign economic ties. There are significant differences between coastal regions, which should be taken into account when devising a regional development policy. The article aims to identify specific features of Russia’s coastal regions, compare them with other national regions, provide a typology of them, and identify possibilities ...
Local features of regional difference in the modern Ukraine
This paper attempts to analyse the existing regional disparities with the help of the proposed population and territory performance indices. A regional analysis is carried out on the basis of index calculations; certain territorial groups of regions are identified. The author examines the state ...
The Coastal Regions of Europe: Economic Development at the Turn of the 20th Century
... potential for cooperation in solving them and developing the world ocean’s resources create grounds for an integrated study of European coastal regions. The author analyses Russian findings in the field of the socioeconomic development of coastal regions. The differences in the natural and socioeconomic conditions and resources along a significant portion of the European coastline necessitate the zoning of subcontinent’s coastal territories and contiguous water areas. The findings of EU maritime research ...
Matrix Representation of the Kaliningrad Regional Accounts System: Experimental Development and Modelling Prospects
... consolidated, the structure of regional matrix devised, and the multiplier of the regional social accounting matrix calculated. An important aspect of this approach is the set target, which determines the composition of matrix accounts representing different aspects of regional performance. The calculated multiplier suggests the possibility of modelling of a socioeconomic system for the region using a social accounting matrix. The regional modelling approach ensures the matrix compliance with the methodological requirements ...
Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region
... jekonomicheskoj jeffektivnosti razlichnyh
variantov razvitija regiona po prioritetnym vidam jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti [Scenario forecast of formation and use of labor resources of the Kaliningrad region, taking into account the relative cost-effectiveness of different options for the development of the region in priority economic activities], 2014, Report on research work, Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.
22. Federal'naja celevaja programma razvitija Kaliningradskoj oblasti na period do 2020 goda [The federal target program for ...
Motors for regional development: impact on regional political organizations on the university cooperation in the Baltic Sea region
... impact of the organizations, as perceived by the universities in the region and political decision-makers on national and regional levels. Based on the success of the OECD in becoming an influential actor in educational policies, this article discusses different strategies for the regional political organizations to enhance their influence.
2002. University Co-operation in the Baltic Sea Region. In: B.
Henningsen. Towards a Knowledge-based Society in the Baltic Sea Region. Berlin, pp. 75—79.
Innovations in the Baltic Sea Region and Network Cooperation between Russia and the EU
Transnational (involving countries) and cross-border (involving adjacent regions of different countries) cooperation and integration are rapidly developing in the Baltic Sea region. Russia lags behind the Nordic countries and Germany as far as innovative development is concerned; yet our national pace here is comparable to that of Poland ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
This article describes differences and contradictions in identifying the subject of Kaliningrad regional history. Some researchers and media interpret the term ‘Kaliningrad regional history’ as the history of the region per se and others as the whole scope of local history. The ‘History of West Russia: The Kaliningrad Region’, a secondary ...
The boundaries of the territorial community
42. Brusco S. Small firms and the provision of real services // Industrial districts and local economic regeneration / ed. by F. Pyke, W. Sengenberger. Geneva, 1992. P. 177—196.
43. Caragliu A., Nijkamp P. Space and knowledge spillovers in European regions: the impact of different forms of proximity on spatial knowledge diffusion // Journal of Economic Geography. 2016. № 16(3). P. 749—774.
44. Castells M., Hall P. Technopoles of the world: The making of 21st century industrial complexes. L., 1994. P. 288.
45. Chorda ...
Social and cultural determinants in the perception of environmental risks: Douglas grid group analysis
... respondents' living environment — urban or rural. The main method of research was a focus group with subsequent processing of results using ATLAS.ti software programme. The study revealed that environmental risks are not a priority problem for the region. Rural residents are more concerned about environmental risks. There are similarities in the assessments of environmental conditions by urban and rural residents. However, the author identified some differences particularly regarding the development of the salt deposit. These differences can be explained by different cultural types: a negative attitude prevails among individualists and egalitarians, a contrasting position prevails among hierarchs....
EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Challenges and Perspectives of International Cooperation
... innovative nature of macroregional cooperation in the Baltic Sea region is manifested in interpreting the region as an indivisible whole rather than an administrative unite serving as a pla tform for various cooperation programmes implemented in its different parts. From this point of view, the Strategy for the Baltic Sea region, apparently inspired by ‘rational functionalism’, can assign a new meaning to the concept of the region.
1. Memorandum o vzaimoponimanii, ustanavlivajuschij mechanism uchrezdenija Partnerstva “Severnogo ismerenija” v oblasti transporta ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... for those of developed ones. Secondly, in terms of the regional impact of liberalisation, expanding trade has the most positive effect on border regions and those associated with lower cost of access to international markets. Thirdly, the analysis of regions having different industrial specialisatio n suggests that expanding international trade contributes to higher growth rates in the regions, having globally competitive national industries. The conclusions presented in this article can be used for formulating ...
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
... structural imbalances in the exclave economy at the microlevel, in particular, the article analyses the conceptual model of rent extraction in the SEZ transitional period. The CFMER can be used for forecasting the development of exclave’s economy under different scenarios of the evolution of SEZ in the Kaliningrad region.
1. Batten, D. F. 1982, The Interregional Linkages Between National and Regional Input-Output Models, International Regional Science Review, no. 7, p. 53—67.
2. Fedorov, G., Korneevets, V., Zverev, Yu. 2011, Kaliningrad oblast of Russia in ...
The Baltic Sea Region and the Black Sea Area: Two Pieces of the Same Puzzle
... external actors. The aim of this research is to analyse the political and economic factors that influence the cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the Black Sea area by means of comparative approach, which will help to determine the similarities and differences necessary to give an overview of two strategic areas in the European context.
1. Aydin M.
Regional cooperation in the
and the role of institutions // Perceptions Journal of International Affairs. 2005. Vol. 10.
Adjacent Internationalism, The Concept of Solidarity and Post-Cold War Nordic-Baltic Relations, in Cooperation ...
Identifying Key Stakeholder Groups for Implementing a Place Branding Policy in Saint Petersburg
... become a valuable intangible asset and a crucial competitive resource for forging partnerships. An effective place branding policy is impossible without a precise understanding of the interests of stakeholder groups. It is essential to realize that each region is unique in its own way. Territories differ in the structure of stakeholders, their influence on regional development, and the range of leverages over regional decision-makers. This study aims to give a more precise definition of key groups of stakeholders in Saint Petersburg place branding,...
The Kaliningrad Region: Challenges of the Exclave Position and Ways to Offset Them
... situation. The article employs statistics, regional strategies, cross-border cooperation programmes, and expert interviews conducted by the authors in Kaliningrad in 2012—2014. The vast body of empirical data is instrumental in analysing the views of different stakeholders and estimating the problems and prospects of the region’s development as either Russia’s military outpost in Europe or as a ‘cooperation laboratory.’ The analysis takes into account collaborations with the neighbouring states. In striving to identify the preferable regional development conception,...
Social conflicts as seen by residents of Saint Petersburg: An empirical study
... presence of people differing from the respondents, can be described in the following way: the most acute anxiety is caused by people of a different nationality, followed by nationals of other countries and members of other religions, then people with differing political views, and compatriots from other Russian regions. These data make it possible to identify hidden connections and patterns in the socio-demographic structure of these attitudes, which can be instrumental in obtaining a comprehensive picture of threats and emerging social conflicts and, hence,...
Trends in population change and the sustainable socio-economic development of cities in North-West Russia
... Northwestern Federal District is a Russian macro-region that is a unique example of a model region. It accounts for 10 % of the country’s total area and 9.5 % of its population. This article aims to trace the patterns of city distribution across the region, to assess the conditions of differently populated cities and towns, and to identify sustainability trends in their socio-economic development. Population change is a reliable indicator of the competitiveness of a city. As a rule, a growing city performs well economically and has ...
Human Resource Efficiency as a Development Factor for the Kaliningrad Economy
... jeffektivnosti razlichnyh variantov razvitija regiona po prioritetnym vidam jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti. BFU im. I. Kanta [Forecast Models of formation and use of labor resources of the Kaliningrad region, taking into account the relative cost-effectiveness of different options for the development of the region in priority economic activities. IKBFU], 2014, Goskontrakt № 02/2014 ot 24 nojabrja 2014 na vypolnenie NIR [Government Contract № 02/2014 of 24 November 2014 on the implementation of scientific research], Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal ...
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
... publications. The results of the study indicate that the increasing cooperation within the triangle of these clusters has a significant potential in terms of combining different areas of expertise and creating a multidimensional maritime industry hub in the region. However, differences in the cluster structure and development stages lead to certain difficulties in achieving these objectives. In conclusion, the authors identify the factors both facilitating and inhibiting networking between the three clusters. This study ...
The External Economic Factor in the Development of Northwestern Regions: Institutional Support and an Impact Assessment
... trade and internal economic performance of Russia’s North-West. Another focus is an analysis of institutional support for the development factors and the levels and areas of international economic cooperation. The analysis shows that the Northwestern regions’ external and internal economic development is interdependent and there is considerable support for international cooperation at different levels and in different areas. To a degree, this is explained by the federal district’s geographical position and transport connections, the ‘Nordic’ character of the economy shared by the Russian and neighbouring territories, and the ...
A spatial study of networking in the Vistula Lagoon region using geoinformation systems
... the key result of the research conducted. The practical significance of the article lies in justifying the use of modern geoinformation systems as a tool of territory development as well as for the purpose of making efficient managerial decisions at different levels.
1. Klistorin, V. I. 2009, Rossijskij federalizm: regional'naja politika napravlennaja na podderzhku municipal'nyh obrazovanij [Russian Federalism: regional policy aimed at supporting municipalities], Region: ekonomika i sociologija [Region: Economics and Sociology], no. 3, p. 41—54.
2. Fedorov, G....
Processes of convergence and divergence in the regions of the European Union: features and qualimetry
... http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon/nomenclatures/index. cfm? (accessed 25 February 2013).
2. Zverev, D. V., Kolomak, Ye. А. 2010, Subfederal'naja fiskal'naja politika v Rossii: mezhregional'nye razlichija i svjazi [Sub-federal fiscal policy in Russia: regional differences and communication], Ser. „Nauchnye doklady: nezavisimyj jekonomicheskij analiz” [Scientific reports: Independent Economic Analysis], no. 209, Moscow, Moskovskij obshhestvennyj nauchnyj fond, Sibirskij centr prikladnyh jekonomicheskih issledovanij....
Social and Economic Space Compression in Border Areas: the Case of the Northwestern Federal District
... decrease of the number of new territories to explore. While physical and communicative compression are interrelated, they have different spatial expressions depending on geographical conditions, economic, environmental, historical, and political characteristics ... ... com-pression using comparative mapping, statistical and historical research methods, and a model showing the spatial differentiation of regional socioeconomic charac-teristics in the Northwestern Federal District. The study focuses on border areas, where the following ...
Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation
... the significant differences in natural and socio-economic conditions of sustainable development in these countries, as well as different experiences and traditions in the space-time dimension. In most EU countries, ministries of spatial planning were established ... ... Russian Federation, such authority still does not exist. The coordination of spatial development by the Russian Ministry of Regional Development is of fragmentary nature; therefore, at the moment, the efficiency of spatial planning is rather low. The ...
On the territorial differences in chain organisation of retail in the Russian Federation
... differences. An attempt to identify the factors behind these differences through calculating the correlation coefficient made it possible to detect only one factor, whose value is close to essential: the geographical remoteness from Moscow. However, many regions of central Russia have a low share of retail chains. One cannot exclude that a significant role in the development of interregional differences is played by institutional factors, which can become a focal point of further research.
1. Санников О. В. Особенности розничной торговли в России // Проблемы местного самоуправления....
Regionalisation in Northern Europe and the Northern Dimension in Russian political discourse
... idea about the crisis of the programme came from the discrepancy between the expectations aroused by political discourse and the actual results of cooperation. The study shows the ND-related discourse changed over the study period and stresses profound differences between federal and regional discourses.
Kolosov V. A., Sebentsov A. B.
supranational regions, Russia, EU, Northern Dimension, political discourse
Political technologies and international conflicts in the information space of the Baltic Sea region
... mythologisation of the policies of the regional social structures. The conflict must be urgently resolved, since the political technologies, which cause instability in the information space, damage the reputations of all the states involved. To reconcile the differences that underlie the information conflict in the Baltic region it is necessary to take into account common interests. There is a pressing need to join efforts in solving the challenging social problems that cannot be overcome without either international cooperation among the countries or effective social ...
Cross-border cooperation in tourism between the Warmian-Masurian voivodeship and the Kaliningrad region
The border location of the Warmian-Masurian voivodeship and the Kaliningrad region is a prerequisite for active cooperation at different institutional levels. The development of cross-border cooperation between the Kaliningrad region and the Warmian-Masurian voivodeship was launched in 1992, when the first agreements on international cooperation were signed. As of today, a high ...
North-West Russia in the context of European integration
... a platform for emergence and recognition of the Baltic Sea region. The author focuses on the social and cultural integrity of the region and considers the traditional Nordic countries and the Baltic Sea states as interrelated components of a single region, different from other European regions in terms of economic interests, as well as its natural and sociocultural landscape.
1. Witte, S. Yu. 1960, Vospominanija [Memoirs], Мoscow, Vol. 2, p. 122—123.
2. Karlbek, H. 2002, Russkoe v Shvecii i shvedskoe ...
Gender differences in quality of life in the population of a northern regions depending on the field of employment
This article analyses quality of life determined by the health of working-age population of a northern region. The authors identify latent factors affecting the quality of life in men and women engaged in mental and manual labor. Differences in the self-assessment of quality of life depending on the sex and job of the respondents are established. In different respondent groups, latent factors adversely affecting the quality of life formed clusters or functioned autonomously