Exclavity as a challenge and a resource for foreign positioning of the Kaliningrad region
The exclusive position of the Kaliningrad region is a fundamental geopolitical factor in its socio-economic and socio-cultural development. Given the region’s foreign positioning, exclavity is both a challenge and a resource. Guided by the principles of factor analysis, through the method of principal ...
Saint Petersburg as a Global Coastal City: Positioning in the Baltic Region
... methodological framework for analyzing this connection. Within this hierarchy, the dominant alpha group global city is Stockholm. The authors argue that, as a global coastal city, St. Petersburg forms the St. Petersburg coastal region, which can be defined as a typical "global city region". The index method shows that the position of St. Petersburg in the system of global coastal cities of the Baltic region is relatively favorable in view of its transport, logistics, and demographic potential and the advantageous geo-economic situation. St. Petersburg has certain competitive advantages ...
Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
... applied to one of the most important centers of the Baltic region — the St. Petersburg agglomeration. The coastal location of the agglomeration and close connections with the Leningrad region make it possible to consider the Saint Petersburg coastal region (Baltic Area) as a whole. The article sets out not only to verify, confirm, and explain the features of the geoeconomic position of the coastal region, but also to describe the contiguous geoeconomic space. The position of the St. Petersburg coastal region is of crucial importance for ensuring a steady growth of regional economy, the propagation of industrialization impulses,...
The Kaliningrad Region: Challenges of the Exclave Position and Ways to Offset Them
... development conception, the authors reveal low susceptibility of local cross-border cooperation actors to the belligerent rhetoric of national authorities on either side of the border. The study of the state of affairs in tourism, a promising area of regional specialization, demonstrates a dual effect of the exclave position, which can be considered both as a challenge and an opportunity.
Sebentsov A. B., Zotova M. V.
exclave, Kaliningrad region, border region economy, tourism, cross-border cooperation
Kaliningrad region: coastal position as a geographical factor of economic development
The Kaliningrad region is a border and a coastal area in one. Such a combination of geographic features affects the development of this exclave region of Russia. The maritime status has a direct and indirect positive impact on the sectoral structure and the pace of economic growth. The role of the borderline situation is ambivalent: if the relations with neighboring countries and the EU as a whole are favorable, then cross-border links that promote competitiveness ...
Trans-Border Regions in the System of the Regional Hierarchy: the Systemic Approach
The article positions trans-border regions that are formed in the course of cooperation between the administrative, territorial and municipal institutions of neighbouring countries or have similar important characteristics, in the hierarchical system of regions. The authors prove trans-border regions to be a type of international regions and consider specific characteristics of these regions using the Baltic region as an example.
On the economic security of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave
An exclave position makes the economic security problems of the Kaliningrad region more complex as compared with other Russian territories. Deteriorating relations between Russia and the West compound the situation. This has been especially so since 2014 when economic sanctions were imposed against Russia, and the country retaliated....
Structural Changes in the Economy of the Russian Northwest: Spatial Dimension
... correlated with the distance to large economic centres — Moscow and St. Petersburg. The authors prove that the economic development of the Northwest macroregion follows the ‘core-periphery’ pattern. The regional economy structure depends on the position of a given region in relation to the core. Concrete approaches to managing structural changes in the economies of periphery regions are proposed.
1. Gluschenko, K. P. 2010, Issledovaniya neravenstva po dokhodam mezhdu rossiyskimi regionami [Studies on income ...
Some features of external migration processes in the coastal regions of the Western borderlands of Russia
The combination of two major economic and geographical factors — the presence of the border and access ... ... sea — largely determine the features of socio-economic development of the coastal regions of the Western borderlands of Russia and, as a consequence, the migration processes here. The purpose of the article is to identify... ... with neighboring countries: first of all, Finland, Estonia and Norway. The coastal position becomes an attractive factor for all the studied regions, except for the northern...
The influence of the sea on the economic development and settlement structure in the Baltic Sea region
Earliest studies into the influence of the sea on the economy and settlement structure date back to the mid-19th century. They became common in the 20th century. Researchers have come to a general understanding that a coastal position has a beneficial effect on the development of regions. Such areas have a denser population and develop more rapidly than inland regions. At the same time, the effect of environmental, socioeconomic, demographic, and political factors is often stronger than the influence of the sea. Thus, an inland ...
Innovation performance of Russia’s Northwestern regions: a comparative evaluation
... employed in this study. Comparative analysis indicates significant differences between the regions in both available resource and innovation advancements. Juxtaposing composite resource availability indices and innovation performance aided in devising a typology of regions and analysing changes in the position in a composite evaluation matrix. The findings demonstrate that Saint Petersburg and the Leningrad region comfortably outperform the other northwestern regions in innovation. Regression and correlation analysis reveals that innovation performance ...
Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region: a treacherous path to partnership
... Position paper of the BSSSC. Szczecin: Secretariat of the Baltic Sea States Subregional Co-operation, 2011, available at: http://www.bsssc.com/upload/dokumenty/f_176.pdf (accessed 18 August 2012).
10. Schymik, C. and all (eds.) 2006, Go North! Baltic Sea Region Studies: Past — Present — Future, Berlin, BWV.
11. Joenniemi, P., Sergunin, A. 2012, Laboratories of European Integration: City-Twinning in Northern Europe, Tartu, Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation.
12. Joint position on the implementation of the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region adopted by B7 Baltic Islands Network, Baltic Development Forum, Baltic Sea States Subregional Cooperation, CPMR Baltic Sea Commission, Euroregion Baltic and Union of the Baltic ...
St Petersburg Business Information Centres and Their Role in Increasing the Efficiency of International Business Activities
32. Комитета финансов Санкт-Петербурга. URL: http://www.fincom.spb.ru (дата обращения 19.05.2014).
Bazhenov Yu., Podshuveit O.
efficiency enhancement, foreign economic activities, Russian regional offices abroad, promotion of a positive image of St. Petersburg
«Special» Socio-economic Regions: Conceptual Approach and Typology
The article analyses the concept of 'special' socio-economic regions, i. e. those characterised by a special position in their relation to the political, economic and legal spaces of the home country and (or) neighbouring countries and, in some cases, by a special geographic position. The author offers two typologies of 'special' regions.
Competitive effects of low trade barriers: evaluations for the Kaliningrad region
International trade is an important factor affecting competition in domestic markets. Considering the vastness of Russian territory, one can expect the pro-competitive effect to vary from region to region. This analysis tests the hypothesis that the unique geographical position and economic status of the Kaliningrad region contribute to the rapid development of international trade, which, in turn, exerts competitive pressure on regional prices. The study incorporates two major lines of analysis: a) a comparison of the international trade growth rates of different Russian regions; b) an assessment of the influence of Russian ...
Border Position as a Factor of Strategic and Territorial Planning in Russian Regions in the Baltic
... case of transborder regions as well as in that of national ones. However, in Russia, spatial (strategic and territorial) planning does not imply joint development of documents with the border regions of neighbouring states. Nevertheless, the border position of a region (at least, due to the presence of border zones) has a significant effect on the content of regional strategies for socioeconomic development and schemes for territorial planning of constituent entities and municipal districts. The result is a combination ...
Geography and economy of the Kaliningrad region: limitations and prospects of development
With its exclave status, the Kaliningrad region has been drawing attention of many researchers in different fields. Yet the prospects for cooperation between the ... ... processes both in the European integration zone and in the Russian Federation. However, a detailed study involving polyscale socioeconomic indices, expert interviews, and surveys... ... policies of social support stemming from the uniqueness of the economic and geographical position of the region substantiate this conclusion.
1. Database of Indicators, 2013...
The influence of the border position of the Pskov region on the socio-cultural values of the population
... The assessment of the EU-Russia cooperation prospects by the Pskov region population is presented in comparison to the results of a similar research conducted in the Kaliningrad region.
Н., Манаков А.
Формирование пространственных ... ... глобализации / под ред.
А. П. Клемешева. Калининград: Изд-во КГУ, 2004.
border position, population identity, stereotypes, kinship and friendship, cross-border contacts, cooperation prospects, barrier type ...
The project "Greater Eurasia" among the factors of development of the exclave of the Kaliningrad region
... in the era of globalization. The author employs a wide range of methods — economic-statistical, economic-cartographic and graphoanalytical analysis — and critically reviews a wide body of literature on the problem. It is shown that the exclave position of the Kaliningrad region makes it difficult to justify a long-term strategy of its socio-economic development. Most of the previously developed strategies were based on export and / or import-substitution, proceeding from the advantageous geographical position in the coastal zone and the region’s proximity ...
Typological differences between the coastal regions of Russia's Western borderlands
The “gravitational force” of the sea is an important factor in regional development, and though it has not been sufficiently studied, it has received ... ... Azov-Black Sea basins. The regions under study vary from each other, but each of them plays a vital role in the country's economy. The author aims to identify their typological... ... strengthening of the coastal factor are outlined.
Fedorov G. M.
coastal region, coastal position, gravitational force of the sea, development factor, typology of regions...
Coastal location as a development factor of the cities in the Baltic region
Population dynamics is one of the key categories of socio-economic development of territories. Cities, as the main ... ... of this article is to identify the nature of the influence of the cities’ coastal position on the dynamics of their population by the example of the Baltic region countries. The dependence of the popultaion dynamics on the coastal location... ... statistical and cartographic analysis. The authors have drawn the conclusion about a potentially higher ranking of coastal cities as centers of attraction for the population...
Spatio-temporal patterns of knowledge transfer in the borderland
A key competitive advantage of a contemporary economy, knowledge, is distributed unevenly, tending to concentrate in cities and urban agglomerations. A border position translates into distinctive features of regional innovative development. In a favourable institutional context, proximity to a border strengthens transboundary cooperation and interaction between neighbouring regions. Although frequent social contacts across borders are well documented in the ...
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
... Region’, a secondary school discipline taught since 2006, presents an interesting case. The subject of the Kaliningrad regional history has no single definition since it is a matter of politics rather than historiography. The inability to produce such a definition stems from the uniqueness of the region’s geographical position and history. The region’s history was used extensively in the Soviet time for political and ideological purposes. The current confrontation between Russia and the West lends new urgency to the problem of teaching local history, ninety percent ...
Scenarios of increasing the economic efficiency of the Kaliningrad regional transport system
The development of the considerable transport and logistics potential of the Kaliningrad region is hampered by several factors. This problem, to which we will refer to as a transport deadlock effect, translates into the limited contribution of transport to the regional economy. Particularly, it manifests ... ... examine major ways of increasing the economic efficiency of the regional transport system from the value added perspective. We posit that the structure of cargo handled and the redistribution of value added in favour of regional actors have the dominant ...
Geopolitical turbulence and its economic and geographical projections: the case of Russia’s western border regions
... support on regional socio-economic systems. The study offers a general conceptual vision of geopolitical turbulence as a permanent (poorly predictable and only partially regulated) series of changes in the global political order as a whole and in the position of a particular country and its spatial units — regions and large urban agglomerations. Such changes are obvious and significant for society; they are reflected in the public consciousness and embodied in scientific discourse.
geopolitics, geopolitical turbulence, Russia, Western ...
The Youth in Kaliningrad, Gdansk and Klaipeda: Geopolitical Vision of the World, Identity and Images of the Other
... the experience of the other countries suggests, local border traffic between the Kaliningrad region and the neighbouring Polish voivodeships can contribute to the improvement of mutual images. Long-lasting eforts to diversify cooperation and promote a positive image of Kaliningrad in the neighbouring Polish regions can prove worthwhile. Apart from the measures aimed at strengthening the region’s economic base, it is necessary to increase the symbolic capital of Kaliningrad to achieve harmonious development of Kaliningrad identity.
1. Baltijskij uzel [Baltic ...
In pursuit of an innovation development trajectory of the Kaliningrad region
... functioning mode. In this work, I analyse the current structure of the Kaliningrad regional innovation system, of which some elements date back to the Soviet period, paying particular attention to the subsequent change in the framework conditions. I show that a new innovation trajectory requires taking into account the economic and geographical position of the region, its level of socio-economic development and economic specialization. My findings could contribute to both improving the national policy on managing innovation processes in Russian regions and developing the concept of regional innovation systems ...
Demographic Ranking of the Baltic Sea States
... population and the labor market in Russia], Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki [Problems of Modern Economics], no 1, p. 85—88.
8. Shmakov, N. A. 2011, Demograficheskie rejtingi polozhenija. Rejtingi regionov RF po urovnju rozhdaemosti [Demographic ratings position. Ratings Russian regions by the level of fertility], Jekonomicheskie nauki [Economics], no. 6, p. 47—50.
9. Shmakov, N. A. 2011, Demograficheskie rejtingi polozhenija. Rejtingi regionov RF po urovnju smertnosti naselenija [Demographic ratings position. Ratings Russian regions by the level of mortality], Jekonomika, nalogi, pravo [Economy, taxes, the law], no. 4, p. 18—22....
Development of Aland Islands: major trends and challenges
This article considers key conditions and factors of the development of Aland Islands, describes main international ... ... economic activities, ana lyzes processes of population change by regions and communes, as well as migration flows. The article also ... ... institutional makeup, but rather their economic and geographical position, the ‘concentration effect’, and the population influx.... ..., The Economist, Vol. 333, no. 891, p. 60—70.
8. Karlsson, A. 2009, Sub-National Island Jurisdictions as Configurations of ...
Migration and the Transformation of Multiethnic Population Structure in the Kaliningrad Region of the Post-Soviet Era
... Special attention is paid to the migration features associated with different ethnic groups. The author identifies major reasons behind the incoming and outgoing movement of population. In the post-Soviet period the Kaliningrad region has experienced positive net migration. This active migration into the region has contributed to the development of “migration networks” and established a new basis for further population increase through migration. The article describes changes in the regional multiethnic population structure and identifies key factors behind them. It is concluded that migration has played the decisive role in the process ...
EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Challenges and Perspectives of International Cooperation
This article describes the main characteristics of international cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) within the framework of the EU macroregional strategy. The analysis of ... ... already members of all significant BSR cooperation instruments. Therefore, there is a need to supplement the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region with the Northern Dimension... ... The EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. The second year of implementation, 2011, Position paper of the BSSSC, available at: https://www.msz.gov.pl/resource/710af452-33d7-4923-a5ab-20b31012f98e:JCR...
The traditions of Russian and European perception of the state frontier in the conditions of transborder regional cooperation
... ‘state frontier’ is defined through a prism of regional integration processes. The authors examine the role of trans-border relations between Russia and the European Union in promoting mutually beneficial strategic cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. Historical experience, geopolitical position, national psychology and some other factors shape common perceptions of the state frontier in mass consciousness, which can vary from country to country. The state frontier is a key imperative of trans-border regional cooperation. The trans-border relations between Russia and the EU serve a foundation for the development of strategic partnership, and it is cross-border cooperation in the Baltic Sea region that proves to be ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... provides ample evidence pertaining to nations and industries. However, another dimension of trade liberalisation — the assessment of the level of national or regional development — needs further research. This article sets out to analyse theoretical and empirical research works focusing on a varied spatial effect of expanding international trade on national economies and identifies... ... Secondly, in terms of the regional impact of liberalisation, expanding trade has the most positive effect on border regions and those associated with lower cost of access to...
Human Resource Efficiency as a Development Factor for the Kaliningrad Economy
Various studies of economic and geographical relations in Russian regions often overemphasise the role of economy. However, the quality and quantity of ... ... econometric calculations of the comparative efficiency of human resources application across a range of economic activities. The author puts forward a number of recommendations... ... Kaliningradskoj oblasti (SJeZ «Jantar'»). Postanovlenie Sovmina RSFSR ot 25.09.91 №497 [The position of the free economic zone in the Kaliningrad region (SEZ "Yantar")...
The position of international community on the restoration of independence of the Baltic States
The separation of the Baltics from the Soviet Uni on was a difficult process accompanied by both political and economic conflicts. The third ... ... objectivity principles serve as the methodological framework for the research. The regional approach was applied in order to integrate the features of regional development... ... process of the Baltics gaining their independence, western countries showed an ambivalent position and hesitancy regarding support for the struggle for liberation. As a result...
Geographical structure and dynamics of foreign trade relations of the Republic of Crimea with the border countries and economic security issues
The status of the Republic of Crimea as a new border region of Russia prioritizes the study of the region's foreign economic relations. The article focuses on general and particular ... ... Eurasia» are found to have an impact on the foreign trade of the Republic of Crimea. Special attention is given to the Republic's position in the foreign trade relations in the Greater Black Sea region. The article describes the specifics of exports and ...
Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region
The Baltic Sea region is one of the most developed transnational regions. It comprises the coastal areas of Russia,... ... other regions of the world. An important characteristic of the Baltic Sea region is a considerable difference between its coastal territories, the fact that affects the... ... pozicionirovanija [The Baltic region and Russia in the Baltic Sea: the specifics of positioning], Megaregion — setevaja konfederacija [Megaregion — Network Confederation]...
Cultural Islam in Northern Europe
In this study, we aim to analyse the position of cultural Islam in Northern European countries. To this end, we examine publications in major print media. Content analysis of relevant publications gives a detailed picture of narratives produced in mass consciousness as a reaction to the presence of Islam at the local and regional level and makes it possible to identify individual trends in the evaluation of such narratives in both scientific and ...
The Baltic Sea region and increasing international tension
... Russia and other countries in the Baltic Sea region. In the short term, these trends are unlikely to re¬verse. Of the two possible scenarios — suspending relations until a solution to the political and military problems is found or trying to make use of every opportunity in economy, culture, science, education, etc., — the latter is preferable. A breakdown in regional cooperation will weaken Russia’s position. However, gaining positive momentum may prove instrumental in overcoming the confrontation between Russia and the West in the future.
1. Putin, V. 2006, Joint Press Conference with the Prime Minister of Finland Matti Vanhanen, President of ...
Foreign direct investment in North-West Russia
This article considers the socioeconomic characteristics of foreign direct investment and identifies the features of investment activities with foreign capital participation in the exclave region. The author analyses the dynamics of foreign direct investment inflow to the regions of North-West Russia and the industries preferred by foreign investors and identifies the position of the Kaliningrad region among the regions of North-West Russia
1. Официальный сайт Правительства ...
The Role of Tourism in the Development of Russia’s Northwestern Border Regions
This article examines the development of tourism and recreation in the border regions of Russia’s North-West as a new promising area of regional growth. The unique natural, historical, and cultural resources, nature, and a favourable economic and geographical position are basic prerequisites for the development of tourism in the region. Historically, the barriers of state borders hampered the development of tourism; and tourism was seen as an activity bringing no economic benefits to regions since most Soviet citizens travelled as beneficiaries of social programmes. This article ...
Transborder regionalisation in the conditions of globalisation
... as education, culture and research institutions, which develop multiple links. The formation of cross-border regions is facilitated by the regional policy of the European Union, which encourages the development of connections between the transborder regions of different countries including non-EU members, for instance, Russia. A positive example is the Baltic macroregion, which serve as a ground for the formation of numerous cross-border meso- and microregions.
1. Kaledin, N. V., Korneevets, V. S., Chekalina, T. N. 2008. Vestnik SPbGU,Ser. Geologija, geografija, № 4, pp. 130—139....
The transnational territorial transport system of the Baltic Region
In this paper we focus on the structure and territorial borders of the Baltic Sea region, and examine the key structural elements of the transnational territorial transport ... ... the first time the transport system gets territorially localized, which allows for a broad range of new studies of transnational transportation in the Baltic Sea area... ... pozicionirovanija
[The Baltic Region and Russia on the Baltic Sea: the specificity of positioning], Tartu Ülikool, available at: http://www. ut. ee/ABVKeskus/sisu/ publikatsioonid/2004/pdf/VF-B...
A spatial study of networking in the Vistula Lagoon region using geoinformation systems
Network cooperation — the most efficient form of unlocking the economic and natural potential of territories — is rapidly developing in Russia under the influence of global processes. Due to its unique geopolitical position, the Kaliningrad region is one of the regions where such networks develop at both the regional and international ... ... explained by the dynamic nature of network cooperation as well as the fact that it involves a significant number of independent agents. We believe that one of the important tools...
Semi-Medium-Sized cities of North-West Russia as drivers for regional development
The article discusses the semi-medium-sized cities (with a population from 20 to 50 thousand people) and their functions in five regions of the North-West Federal District of the Russian Federation; the socio-economic areas formed by the semi-medium-sized cities ... ... municipalities of the EU countries in the framework of cross-border and cooperation and benefits of this cooperation for the region, the position of the Kaliningrad region in the Baltic Sea Region is defined.
1. Давидович В. Г. Величина городских ...
Opportunities and Challenges of Large Investment Projects in the New Economy: the Port of Ust-Luga
... construction of a multipurpose multimodal complex — the commercial seaport of Ust-Luga. This is one of the most recent large projects in seaport infrastructure development. This article estimates the project’s significance for the development of the Baltic region and presents a competitive analysis of the seaport position in comparison to the largest European ports. The authors analyze the strengths of the seaport construction project, namely, the favorable natural environment and climate, advantageous geographical position, strong political will demonstrated ...
NATO Policies in the Baltics: Objectives and Priorities
... the region is the alleged need to defend the Baltic states from the Russian threat. Special attention is paid to the attempts of Western military strategists to encourage the neutral Nordic states — Sweden and Finland — to accede to NATO. This would lead to the organisation’s northern enlargement. The current situation suggests that to ease tension in the Baltic Sea region Russia has not only to respond adequately to emerging military threats but also to launch an awareness campaign to explain its position and dispel the myth about Russia preparing to start a hybrid war against the Baltic States.
Gribanova G. I., † Kosov Yu. V.
NATO, Baltic Sea, political strategy, military ...
The prospects of entrepreneurship in the formation of new hi-tech markets in the Baltic Sea region
... identify new industries that might become drivers of innovative economy in Europe. The authors also offer a country-specific list of basic markets, which can be developed by small and medium enterprises in a short-term perspective. In the structure of the Baltic Sea region a special position is held by the Nordic countries — Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Finland — major regional innovators, as well as a group of South-eastern regions that serve as innovation consumers. Best hopes rest with information and communications technologies ...
Media images of the Kaliningrad region in the structure of migration attitudes of millennials and the reform generation
....17323/1811-038X-2018-27-4-56-77 (in Russ).
4. Vendina, O. 2019, Living in the Borderlands: Interpretation of Border Security Problems by Residents of Russian Border Towns, Laboratorium, no. 2 (11), p. 30—69. doi: 10.25285/2078-1938-2019-11-2-30-69 (in Russ.).
5. Sebentsov, A., Zotova, M. 2018, The Kaliningrad region: challenges of the exclave position and ways to offset them, Balt. Reg., no. 1 (10), p. 89—106. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2018-1-6.
6. Batyk, I., Semenova, L. 2013, Cross-border cooperation in tourism between the Warmian-Masurian voivodeship and the Kaliningrad region, Balt. Reg....