Local government reforms in Estonia: institutional context, intentions and outcomes
... strong local autonomy was not a success. The first part of this article seeks to identify the main factors that inhibited the launch of the new institutional model. These were a lack of strategic influence on national policy-making, poor cooperation from local authorities, and the diminishing role of county-level governments and their subsequent liquidation. The second part of the article analyses the objectives and results of the local government amalgamation reform of 2017 as well as the theoretical and practical ...
Local Self-Government: Problems of Territorial Administration and Hierarchisation
This article is dedicated to the problem of zoning at the level of local administration. The author determines and analyses the main complications arising at the determination of municipality borders and offers solutions to these problems.
local administration, territory, populated place, municipalities
Local border traffic as an efficient tool for developing cross-border cooperation
... described in the study includes the external borders of the EU (and Norway) with the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus. The article will be of interest to specialists in international and, particularly, in cross-border cooperation. The authors analyse the mechanism of local border traffic and identify possible trends based on the general socioeconomic situation and foreign policy background in Russia, Belarus, and the EU (Norway). The article employs the cartographic method to enhance the visual component of the study....
Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
... geopolitical situation and adjustment of the currency exchange rates at the end of 2014. Based on statistics and analytical data, the authors arrive at the conclusion that the positive effect of LBT outdoes its negative impact on various sectors of the border ... ... razvitie transgranichnogo turizma mezhdu Respublikoj Pol'sha i Kaliningradskoj oblast'ju Rossijskoj Federacii [Influence of local border traffic on the development of cross-border tourism between the Republic of Poland and the Kaliningrad region of the ...
The intensity of population movements through the Russian- Polish border after the suspension of the local border traffic mechanism: 2016 outcomes
... article provides the analysis of the mutual intensity of the Russian-Polish border crossing in the period from 2002 to 2016. The author analyzes the contribution made by the cross-border movement mechanism to the development of relations between the border ... ... The article concludes that in spite of shortcomings and negative effects for both countries, the mechanism of the mechanism of local border traffic in 2015, launched in 2012, became an important development tool for socio-cultural and business contacts ...
The development of municipal authorities' financial independence
This article examines the results of municipal reform, analyses the budgetary policy of the Kaliningrad region, and identifies the problems of formation of local budget revenues. The author described the methods to improve budgetary policy, which could level the differences in economic and social development of municipalities and solve the problem of stability and independence of local budgets.
1. Об областном бюджете ...
Poland’s Foreign Policy Mechanisms: Legal Framework and Policy Analysis
... województw [Why regional cooperation and with whom? International relations of regional authorities], Warszawa, Geoprofit.
26. The Act of 15 September 2000 on the principles of joining the local government units to international associations of local and regional authorities, 2000, Dz. U., no. 91, poz. 1009.
27. The Act of 4 September 1997 on activity of government administration, 1997, Dz. U., no. 141, poz. 943.
28. The Act of June 5, 1998 on local governments, 2016, Dz. U., 2016.0.486.
29. Wolański, M. S. (ed....
Resilience of cultural attitudes of local communities to risks: the «group / grid» model
... (hierarchist, egalitarian, individualist, fatalist) being reproduced within the structure of the cultural preferences of the local communities. Different scales are being analyzed and tested, the application of the two of them is proven to be good for ... ... original methodology is being applied for the assessment of the cultural types consistency in intense communication. The authors give a statistical account for the consistency of the cultural attitudes of the respondents. Using factor analysis, ...
Response of the Lithuanian municipalities to the First Wave of COVID-19
This article analyses the response of Lithuanian local authorities to the first wave of COVID-19 with a special focus on the economic support measures they took. The main goal of this in-depth study is to compare the economic response measures included in the action plans of Riga and Tallinn, two large Lithuanian ...
Local Border Traffic as a Form of Visa Liberalisation and Territorial Development
... historical analysis of this area of relations. The visa “regionalisation” is considered in the context of identifying the key actors of the EU — Russia negotiations: the Kaliningrad region, Germany, Poland, and Lithuania. In their analysis, the authors rely mostly on primary sources: intergovernmental agreements on simplified border traffic, border-crossing statistics for the Kaliningrad region in the framework of the local border traffic, expert interviews, and related analytic reports. Specifically, local border traffic is viewed as the most effective form of interaction in the field of visa regime simplification and border territory development. An assessment of ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
This article addresses the problem of definition and identification of clusters as localized mesoeconomic systems with fuzzy boundaries that stimulate the development of these systems. The author analyses the influence of the inductive approach to the formation of cluster theory and juxtaposes different typologies of clusters and other types of localized economic systems. The article offers an overview of the existing methodological approaches ...
Municipal Tax Autonomy under Conditions of Budget Federalism: Reform Experience in Italy and Russia
... characterized by the growing role of municipal taxes and overall decline in public transfers. In the Russian Federation, municipal budgets depend crucially on the mechanism of federal and municipal tax redistribution at this stage of municipal reform. The author comes to the conclusion that legal innovations in the field of the tax base of local autonomies in Russia follow the pattern of the Italian local autonomy reform.
закон об общих принципах реализации местного самоуправления в РФ N ...
The development of legislation on local self-government in the USSR and Russia in 1983—1993
... the last years of the USSR and RSFSR and the first years of the Russian Federation, as well as its role in the political system and the social life of modern Russia. The author identifies the key contradictions in power relations between public and local authorities.
1. Конституция Рос. Федерации [Электронный ресурс]. Доступ из справ.- правовой системы «КонсультантПлюс» (дата обращения: 16.07.2013).
On potential role of regional authorities in managing formation an development of market infrastructure
... infrastructure development on the regional level. Special attention is given to the foreign experience concerning the role of regional authorities in formation and development of small- and medium-sized business supporting infrastructure.
... ... февраля
57) (с изм. от 22 октября
Local Business Taxes: Theory and Practice //
Review of Economic Policy. 1987. V. 3, № 2. P. 61.
On the influence of lithogenic factors on the condition of motorways in the Smolensk region
This article offers information on the condition of motorways in the Smolensk region. The condition of local roads is considered in relation to the particle size structure of covering rocks. The authors conducted an analysis of performance characteristics of road surfaces within different natural complexes and identified certain patterns in road damage depending on the local lithogenic conditions.
1. Экструдированный пенополистирол ...
Innovative security of the region: the problem of the formation of the innovation environment of the Kaliningrad region
... performs a retrospective analysis of its transformation. Special attention is paid to the institutional aspects of the problem. The author explores constraints and threats to the development of innovation and innovation security of the Kaliningrad region.
... ... Technologies in a Changing. Cambridge MA, 1992.
19. Asheim B. T., Isaksen А. Regional Innovations Systems: The Integration of Local «Sticky» and Global «Ubiquitious Knowledge» // The Journal of Technological Transfer. 2002. № 27. P. 77—88.
Reflections on the history of the Kaliningrad region
... the region’s geographical position and history. The region’s history was used extensively in the Soviet time for political and ideological purposes. The current confrontation between Russia and the West lends new urgency to the problem of teaching local history, ninety percent of which is the history of a territory that once belonged to Germany — today, a pillar of the EU and a member of NATO. The author examines whether it is reasonable to draw on international experience in patriotic education. The subject ‘History of West Russia: The Kaliningrad Region’ was taken off the school timetable. The article stresses the need to teach a course on ...
Informal educational practices in the local communities of a metropolis: The untapped potential for a dialogue between generations
... innovations in the Rus-sian system of lifelong learning, the author justifies the viability of one the vectors of development of nonformal education. The article stresses the consol-idating potential of nonformal mixed-age education at the level of local com-munities of a modern metropolis. The author emphasises the need to support their development to promote cultural continuity and create conditions for the personal development of different generations.
1. Илакавичус М. Р. Неформальное образование для ...
Strategic development of a university in the Russian exclave
The article focuses on key characteristics of modern universities (global, scientific and entrepreneurial) ones. The authors discuss prospects of the strategic development of the university in the Russian exclave.
Aleksandrov D.... ... entrepreneurial universities: organizational pathways of transformation. Paris.
Malizia, E., Feser, E.
2000. Understanding local economic development. New Jersey.
Mohrmana, K., Ma, W., Baker, D.
2008. Higher Education Policy, № 21, pp. 5—27....
Territorial community local spaces
... community: geographic, formative, dominant interaction and development proximities among others. Using clusters as an example the author proves that the formation of unique characteristics of various forms of spatial networking is defined by the essential ... ... Studies. 2005. № 39. P. 61—74.
17. Brusco S. Small firms and the provision of real services // Industrial districts and local economic regeneration. Geneva, 1992. P. 177—96.
18. Korotka M. A. Proximity factors influencing academics’ decisions ...
Monotowns: A New Take on the Old Problem
... article would help to identify a wider range of alternatives while still taking into account all the typical scenarios. The authors analyse the process of risk management in monotowns from the viewpoint of international practices; and identify structural ... ... to enhance the socioeconomic development of single-industry towns of Russia], Biblioteka mestnogo samoupravlenija [Library of local government], no. 54, Moscow, 224 p.
12. Manaeva, I. V. Podhody k gruppirovke monogorodov Rossijskoj Federacii [Approaches ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
... at a certain stage of its development comprises the framework of a region as a complex socioeconomic territorial system. The author examines economic networks as organic systems characterised by resistance to external effects and comprised of interconnected ... ... Economics], no. 1, p. 270—279.
9. Gareev, T. 2012, Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development, Balt. Reg., no. 3 (13), p. 4—24. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2012-3-1.
10. Klastery v regional'noj ...
Peasant affairs institutions in post-reform Russia
... Russia. The subject of the research is the public policy towards peasant affairs agencies during the second half of the 19th century. Special attention is paid to the change of the legal status and authority of these institutions and their relations with local authorities and population.
1. Катаев М. М. Местные крестьянские учреждения 1861, 1874, 1889 гг. СПб.,1911—1912. Ч. 1.
2. Положение о губернских и уездных по крестьянским ...
Countries of the Baltic Region in the Global Culinary Space
Globalisation is creating a global culinary space where culinary traditions of different countries interact and compete. The author sets out to explore characteristic features of the culinary space of nine Baltic States as part of the global culinary space. The author uses empirical data on the number of restaurants serving different national cuisines in the main cities of the region. The Baltic culinary space incorporates the world’s leading cuisines (Italian, Japanese, Chinese, etc.) as well as the local cuisines of the BSR countries. The world’s leading cuisines prove to be more influential in the region than the local ones. Some countries of the Baltic Sea region (Russia, Poland, Sweden, Latvia, and Denmark) have culinary sovereignty, since ...
The experience of the application of regional approach to the governance of the Caucasian region of the Russian Empire in the beginning of the 19th century
The management of Kavkaz was the interaction of administration and local community of region in XVIII century. The author characterizes Kavkaz as being original in regards to the ethnic attitude towards the state’s territory, to the degree of the center keeping the properties of the governmental-regional and local legal systems separate. Particular emphasis is given ...
Peat as Local Energy Source: Methodological Aspects
This article considers the topicality of elaborating the theoretical and methodological framework of energy complex functioning and development management. The author stresses the importance of developing the methodological aspects of improving regional energy complex development management under the condition of exploiting local energy sources.
Основы региональной экономики. М., 2000.
Ресурсы под ногами // Российская газета-Экономика УРФО. ...
Workers’ settlements in the Kaliningrad region and their subsequent renaming in 1946—1947
... Archives of Socio- Political History, and the State Archive of the Kaliningrad Region to trace the Russianisation of German toponyms. The decision to establish workers’ settlements in the Kaliningrad region was discussed in September 1946 — July 1947. Local authorities sought to create more settlements of the kind. However, the RSFSR leadership insisted on the establishment of one resort settlement and four workers’ villages. Numerous toponyms were proposed, many of them were changed several times. The ...
The history of the integration between Russia’s Kaliningrad region and Poland’s northeastern voivodeships: A programme approach
... accelerating integration and socio-economic development in border areas. Based on their evaluation of the major achievements, the authors conclude that Russian-Polish cross-border cooperation has been successful. Yet, there is a need for developing a long-term ... ... Region, available at:
(accessed 23.01.2017). (In Russ.)
6. Kretinin, G., Mironyuk, D.2014, Local Border Traffic as a Form of Visa Liberalisation and Territorial Development, Balt. Reg., Vol. 6, no. 4. С. 27—41. DOI: ...
The application of the method of average sections with coordinate transformation in three-dimensional modeling of dragline waste rehandling
The authors have developed a prototype of that information and analytical technology for modeling dragline waste rehandling in three-dimensional ... ... geometry and mathematical statistics, a number of problems of transforming basic data to net models, creating average sections and local systems of coordinates, modeling routes of excavators in local systems of coor-dinates, and return transformation of modeling ...
Territorial differences in the attitudes to the migration crisis in Germany: The political aspect
... transformation of electoral preferences under the influence of the migration crisis. Recent data on the electoral standing of the Alternative for Germany party are used to develop a typology of states, based on the level of support for this party from the local population and on other measures of the migration situation and socioeconomic development. The authors identify northeastern regions with a high probability of popular support for the extreme right views on the migration crisis and northern and southwestern states that are most and least susceptible to the extreme right influence.
1. Sommerpressekonferenz ...
The foreign policy of Poland and the Kaliningrad region in 1989—2012
... and the Kaliningrad Region is conducted, inter alia, through euroregional structures functioning in the border areas. The analysis of this issue is vital for further cooperation in the Polish-Russian borderland, especially after the conclusion of the local border traffic agreement in 2012. The authors come to a conclusion that the implementation of the local border traffic agreement can improve cross-border relations but it will not significantly change the role of the Kaliningrad region in the Polish foreign policy.
1. Chełminiak, M., Kotowicz,...
The boundaries of the territorial community
... of spatial networking inherent of various forms of interactions within the territorial socio-economic system of a region. The author offers a classification of spatial networks, identifies and describes types of spatial boundaries of different types of ... ... Harvard Business Review. 2006. № 84. P. 98—110.
33. Amin A., Thrift N. Globalization, institutional ’thickness’ and the local economy // Managing Cities: The New Urban Context / ed. by P. Healey, S. Cameron, S. Davoudi [et al.]. Chichester, 1995....
Problems and Prospects of Cross-Border Cooperation in Tourism between Russia and Europe
... the issue of cross-border cooperation in tourism between Russia and European countries and to assess the prospects of it. The authors provide an assessment of changes in the socio-economic relations between Russia and European countries and identify key ... ... and regional/industrial factors. The article is of interest for researchers studying cross-border tourism, the regional and local administrations of border areas of Russia and European countries, and representatives of the tourism business.
The problems of the development of political democracy in Russia in the period of diarchy (February — October 1917)
This article considers the formation of the new democratic dynamics in Russia in February-October, 1917. The author focuses on the forms of the participation of population in the establishment of new political regime, the activity of political parties and local government bodies and attempts to build an optimal model of the formation of a republic in the conditions of diarchy.
Местные Советы и органы буржуазной власти (
Twin cities: a new form of cross-border cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region?
... development of integration processes in the Baltic region. This practice can be applied by Russian municipal, regional and federal authorities in promotion of cross-border cooperation not only in the Baltic region, but also in other regions of the country. ... ... Business School, p. 53—65.
17. Lundén, T. 2007, Border agglomerations in the Baltic area: obstacles and possibilities for local interactions, Geographica Helvetica, Vol. 62, no. 1, p. 22—32.
18. Lundén, T. 2009, Valka-Valga, Narva-Ivangorod. Estonia’s ...
The Kaliningrad text in the semiotic space of culture
The author confines her attention to the concept of Kaliningrad text, which is considered in the framework of textological discourse ... ... cultural studies. The analysis conducted and the juxtaposition of concepts made it possible to qualify the Kaliningrad text as a local type supertext and a metatext of Kaliningrad regional subculture.
Пермь как текст. ...
Crafts of peasant women in the north-western provinces of Russia in the late 19th/early 20th century
This article explores local crafts of peasant women of the north-western provinces, namely, weaving, needlework, and lacework. The work conditions are examined. The author stresses that workers were highly dependent on dealers who provided them with raw materials and sold their products at the market. The phenomena identified are indicative of the formation of capitalistic forms of using the labour of peasant women ...
The destinies of the Russian minority in Gdansk (translated from Polish by L. Maltsev)
... a historical sketch of the life and activities of the Russian diaspora in Gdansk in the 1920-1930s. The author considers the participation of Russian emigrants in the political, business, and cultural life of Gdansk and their relationships with the local authorities. Special attention is paid to the political competition among the Russian minority, the activity of religious, cultural, and educational organisations. The article offers a review of Russian periodicals published in Gdansk. It is emphasised ...
The transfer of the ownership of the objects of cultural heritage of the Kaliningrad region to the Russian Orthodox Church: the social and cultural aspects of the conflict
This article focuses on the factors having influenced the formation of the conscious attitude to the past of the Kaliningrad region in the local residents. The author shows that a special regional identity, which developed in the interaction with the unique cultural environment, requires a public discussion as decisions concerning the transfer of the ownership of cultural and historical objects to a religious ...
Local features of regional difference in the modern Ukraine
... to analyse the existing regional disparities with the help of the proposed population and territory performance indices. A regional analysis is carried out on the basis of index calculations; certain territorial groups of regions are identified. The author examines the state regional
1. Мартынов В. Л. Межрегиональное неравенство в России: к поиску пути решения проблемы // Изв. РГО. 2007. Т. 139, вып. 4. С. 62—69.
The condition of air in the Bogdo-Baskunchak industrial hub
This article describes the condition of air in the Bogdino-Baskunchak industrial hub. The authors analyze the atmospheric pollutant emissions by the local enterprises.
заповедник и его роль в сохранении биоразнообразия севера Астраханской области. Перспективы развития ...
The component analysis and content of the methodological materials for teaching foreign languages from the perspective of changing educational environment
A changing educational environment (CEE) is a new, little studied type of local environment. This article identifies and considers the components of CEE, which serves as the basis for a component analysis of the content of a textbook on Russian as a foreign language for teaching German-speaking students of basic level. The author emphasises that CEE has a positive influence on the discipline’s methodology.
1. Atze Ch., Hoffmann N., Wapenhans H. et al. Диалог 1. Russisch für Anfänger : Lehrbuch. Berlin, 2009.
component analysis, foreign ...
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
... in the conceptual model of the regional economy’s functioning merely increasing the opportunities for rent extraction. The authors predict structural imbalances in the exclave economy at the microlevel, in particular, the article analyses the conceptual ... ... Documentation — Version 9.5. Regional Economic Models Inc.
12. Treyz, F., Treyz, G. 2004, The Evaluation of Programs Aimed at Local and Regional Development: Methodology and Twenty Years: Experience Using REMI Policy Insight. In: Evaluating Local Economic ...
The Kaliningrad Region: Challenges of the Exclave Position and Ways to Offset Them
... development as either Russia’s military outpost in Europe or as a ‘cooperation laboratory.’ The analysis takes into account collaborations with the neighbouring states. In striving to identify the preferable regional development conception, the authors reveal low susceptibility of local cross-border cooperation actors to the belligerent rhetoric of national authorities on either side of the border. The study of the state of affairs in tourism, a promising area of regional specialization, demonstrates a dual effect of the exclave ...
Estimating the Development of the Latvian - Estonian - Russian Transboundary Tourism and Recreation Region
In 2004, the Pskov — Livonia Euroregion was established across the borders of Estonia, Latvia and Russia (the Pskov region). Tourism became a cooperation priority in the Euroregion. This necessitated research on the local tourism and recreation areas. This study aims to estimate the development prospects of transboundary microregions which have been identified by the authors within the Latvian-Estonian-Russian tourism and recreation mesoregion. The authors employ ten additional criteria proposed in the general conception of transboundary tourism and recreation regions. The article identifies five microregions: Pskov-Pechory- ...
The Role of Public Companies in Creating a Platform for Economic Growth in Saint Petersburg
... readiness of Saint Petersburg public companies to employ investment tools in delivering development strategies, which determine to a large extent the competitiveness of the city’s economy. This article presents a study into the response of twenty local public companies to changes in the economy and their ability to stay efficient and preserve investment potential in volatile economic conditions. The measures taken by the companies are considered as inert and inefficient. The authors surveyed managers from 70 Russian non-public companies, who confirmed the hypothesis that businesses are interested in investing in the earning assets (securities) of other companies to receive interest (dividends). The respondents tend to associate ...
The progressing multiple splenosis: paper review and own observation
The article provides an overview of domestic and foreign interdisciplinary studies of post-traumatic splenosis. Furthermore, we focused on the development of splenosis of various localization and the possibility of radiation imaging diagnostics. The authors analyzed a differential diagnosis with a primary or secondary tumour process and reviewed patient management tactics as well as potential complications. The study described a case of splenosis 14 years after splenectomy due to spleen rupture ...
Tourist excursions and the formation of historical memory of Kaliningraders in 1964—1975
Studying archival documents, the author analyses the contribution of tourist agencies to the formation of the historical memory of Kaliningraders in 1964—1975. The article describes certain pages of local history, which were included in thematic excursions for residents and guests of the region. In their excursions, tourist guides of that period paid a particular attention to the victorious military operations of the Red Army in East Prussia in 1945....
Battlefield memories of the youth in Yu. N. Ivanov’s oeuvre: The novel In a besieged ci
... architecture and art contribute to the artistic understanding of the history of Königsberg. The literary text based on what the author saw and experienced helps him to not only immerse himself in the past and relive it but also rewrite the past and change ... ... Moscow.
8. Lasch, O., 1976. So fiel Königsberg. Stuttgart.
East Prussia, assault of Koenigsberg, Yu. N. Ivanov, study of local lore
Novikov A. S.
The fate of World War I refugees from the western provinces of European Russia and Poland in Soviet Russia in 1920
... article focuses on the features of the re-evacuation of World War I refugees in 1920, i.e. the spontaneous movement of the hungry mass of refugees to the Western border, the South and South-East, as well as Siberia, in early spring, which was supported by local authorities aspiring to reduce the pressure on their own regions but opposed — to no effect — by the central authorities. The planned evacuation solely to the Baltic Republics at the end of summer of 1920 was accompanied by violations, abuse of power ...