Approaches to the Definition of the Baltic Sea Region
The Baltic Sea region is one of the most developed and well-formed regions of international cooperation. It is a place for promoting collaboration between businesses, non-profits, public authorities, and ... ... (In Russ)
12. Lachininskii, S. S., Lachininskii, А. S., Semenova, I. V. 2016, The geoeconomic factor in formation of spatial structure of the St. Petersburg coastal area, Regional Research of Russia, Vol. 6, no. 4, p. 323—331.
13. Mezhevich, N. M. 2003,...
EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region: Challenges and Perspectives of International Cooperation
This article describes the main characteristics of international cooperation in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) within the framework of the EU macroregional strategy. The analysis of the key directions, structure, and the Strategy implementation mechanisms demonstrates its experimental and innovative nature. At the same time, the authors identify problems and contradictions in the very idea of the Strategy, as well as its actual implementation in intergovernmental ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... existing theoretical and empirical literature focusing on interconnections between international trade, trade liberalisation, and economic development provides ample evidence pertaining to nations and industries. However, another dimension of trade liberalisation — the assessment of the level of national or regional development — needs further research. This article sets out to analyse theoretical... .... 3, p. 545—561.
21. Hanson, G. 1997, Increasing returns, trade and the regional structure of wages, The Economic Journal, no. 107 (440), p. 113—133.
Global value chains in the age of uncertainty: advantages, vulnerabilities, and ways for enhancing resilience
In this paper, we seek to explain the fundamental vulnerability of global value chains (GVCs) to sudden shocks, as revealed by t... ... digitalisation. We conclude by outlining windows of opportunity to improve international specialisation and growth patterns, which may open ... ...
20. Smorodinskaya, N. V., Katukov, D. D. 2019, When and why regional clusters become basic building blocks of modern economy,... ....1355123
36. Basole, R. C., Bellamy, M. A. 2014, Supply network structure, visibility, and risk diffusion: A computational approach,...
Competitive effects of low trade barriers: evaluations for the Kaliningrad region
... as the main data sources. To test their hypothesis, the authors use the methods of statistical and econometric analysis. The status of the free economic zone and unique geographic position of the Kaliningrad region do not result in high growth rates of international trade in the region, but rather lead to a structural shift towards import thus exerting additional competitive pressure on domestic prices. The analysis did not confirm the hypothesis about the considerable influence of European prices on the short run dynamics of the regional consumer prices ...
International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis
This article examines the processes of international research cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. It focuses on research works published in the leading periodicals in 1993—2012. The empirical material is collected ... ... 359—375.
38. Small, H. G., Crane, D. 1979, Specificities and disciplines in science and social science: an examination of their structure using citation indexing, Scientometrics, Vol. 1, p. 445—461.
39. Small, H. G. 1977, A co-citation models of scientific ...
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
International cluster is a relatively new form of spatial organisation of economy in the globalisation conditions, which has become a frequent phenomenon in European countries, including those of the Baltic region. It requires a comprehensive study of both regional economics and economic geography. This article aims to identify structured international clusters in the Baltic region and map the corresponding regions. The results obtained will make it possible to get a comprehensive idea of the aggregate of international clusters existing and emerging in the region and put forward a hypothesis ...
The effect of Covid-19 on labour migration in the CIS
... study responds to the need for measures to mitigate the effects of national actions to slow the spread of Covid-19. National responses ... ... Federation and across the CIS. The findings suggest that the lack of international coordination in tackling Covid-19 has complicated ... ... D., Ryazantsev, N.S. 2020, Situation of labor migrants in the regions of the world: challenges of the COVID-19 pandemia and the ... ... Kuznetsova, O. V. 2020, Vulnerability of Regional Economies’ Structure in Crisis Conditions, Federalism, no. 2, p. 20—38. ...
The history of the integration between Russia’s Kaliningrad region and Poland’s northeastern voivodeships: A programme approach
... (accessed 19.01.2017).
10. A guide to bringing INTERREG and Tacis funding together, 2001, European Commission, available at:
11. Optimization of the structure is designed to improve the efficiency of the regional government in the international direction, 2007, Government of the Kaliningrad Region, available at: http
(accessed 20.01.2017). (In Russ.)
12. Registration for The Programme Final-Opening Conference in Gdansk is open, 2016, Lithuania-Poland-Russia ...
The European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region and accomplishments
The sea and inland hinterland of Baltic Europe form a unique macro-regional unit. Strong collaboration links, and competition in the Baltic Sea region, are an inherent feature of the region from the beginning of its civilization development. Since 2004, the Baltic Sea has become an internal sea of the European Union. This fact no doubt strengthened the cooperation ... ... further integrations. The objective of the article is to identify changing trends and the structural transformation in the Baltic integration process instigated by the implementation...
Innovations in the Baltic Sea Region and Network Cooperation between Russia and the EU
... Kuznetsova, T.Yu., Gapanovich, A. V. 2012, Mezhdunarodnoe nauchnoe sotrudnichestvo v Baltijskom regione: naukometricheskij analiz [International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis] Balt. reg., no. 4, p. 82—96. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2012-4-7.
11. Leitsin, V. N., Dmitriyeva, M. A. 2011, O perspektivah vzaimodejstvija rossijskoj i litovskoj innovacionnyh struktur [On the prospects of cooperation between Russian and Lithuanian innovation structures], Balt. reg., no. 2, p. 80—94. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2011-2-8.
12. Mezhevich, N. M., Pribyshin, T. K. 2012, Innovacionnaja ...
Geopolitical and Geo-economic Changes in the Baltic Sea Region at the Turn of the XX—XXI centuries
The article describes the process and results of the geopolitical and geoeconomic changes in the Baltic Sea region at the turn of the XX and XXI centuries. The authors assess the political, economic ... ... turnover and the number of regular armed forces. The article stresses the importance of international cooperation in increasing the growth rates of economic development of... ....)
9. Mezhevich, N. 2016, Kretinin, G., Fedorov, G. 2016, Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region, Balt. Reg., Vol. 8, no. 3, p. 11—21. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2016-3-1...
Statistical analysis of tourism flows between Ukraine and the Baltic Sea Region countries in 2012—2019
... and outbound tourism flows between Ukraine and the Baltic Sea region (BSR) countries in 2012—2019. The research question is ... ... how visa-free travel to the Schengen Area affected the number of Ukrainians travelling to the Baltic Sea Region. Two data sources ... ... travelling abroad. The study employs the statistical methods of structural shifts analysis, time series analysis, and graphical ... ... Divide: Tourism, ICTs and Culture — a highly promising alliance, International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism,...
Russian Socio-Economic Geography: Status, Challenges, Perspectives
The socio-economic geography studies the processes, characteristics and patterns of spatial development. In the recent decades, however, this area of scientific investigation has failed its promise, which happened for a number of external and internal reasons. The main external reason is the development of "consumer society",... ... dinamika zashhit dissertacij po social'nojekonomicheskoj geografii v Rossii v 2000-e gody [Structure and dynamics of a thesis on the social and economic geography in Russia in the 2000s], Regional'nye issledovanija [Regional studies], no. 1 (43), p. 152—153.
Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region
20. Welcome to the Baltic University, 2016, available at:
Mezhevich N., Kretinin G., Fedorov G.
Baltic Sea region, coastal areas, international cooperation, internal structure of region, Russian in the Baltic region, economic cooperation development
Tourism and the structure of attractiveness of the Baltic region metropolises
International tourism is playing an increasingly important part in the life of all the nine countries of the Baltic region. In this contribution, I analyse the statistical data for 2010—2017 regarding the numbers of arrivals of international ... ... Petersburg hotels and restaurants are noticeably inferior to those in other countries of the region.
Rakhmanov, A. B.
tourism, structure of attractiveness, metropolis, TripAdvisor, hotel, restaurant, sights, sociology of city, Baltic region
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
This article focuses on a commodity flow model for an exclave region (CFMER). The CFMER development is aimed at identifying aggregate proportions of the exclave’s economy in the transitional period of the special economic zone (SEZ) ... ... flows in the framework of the SEZ transitional period makes it possible to identify structural disproportions in the economy. It is shown that the introduction of the SEZ... ... 1982, The Interregional Linkages Between National and Regional Input-Output Models, International Regional Science Review, no. 7, p. 53—67.
2. Fedorov, G., Korneevets...
A spatial study of networking in the Vistula Lagoon region using geoinformation systems
Network cooperation — the most efficient form of unlocking the economic and natural potential of territories — is rapidly developing ... ... influence of global processes. Due to its unique geopolitical position, the Kaliningrad region is one of the regions where such networks develop at both the regional and international levels. When studying such forms of cooperation, the traditional methods... ... development strategies in the region, and note that the creation of a regional GIS structure can become a necessary component of the region’s information and communication...
Migration Flows in Europe: Space and Time Transformation
... p. 439—458.
17. Hämäläinen, K., Böckerman, P. 2004, Regional labor market dynamics, housing and migration, Journal of Regional Science, T. 44, Vol. 3, p. 543—568.
18. Hooghe, M., Trappers, A., Meuleman, B., Reeskens, T. 2008, Migration to European countries: A structural explanation of patterns, 1980—2004, International Migration Review, T. 42, Vol. 2, p. 476—504.
19. Kofman, E. 2004, Family-related migration: A critial review ...
Media images of the Kaliningrad region in the structure of migration attitudes of millennials and the reform generation
This article explores the role of a regional media image on migration attitudes. Attention is drawn to the Kaliningrad region, a Russian exclave whose population ... ... publication analysis and in-depth interviews processed using the Atals.ti software. The five images identified are a region of international cooperation, a military outpost, an economically attractive area, a territory of developing infrastructure, and ...
The Denominational Space of Modern Sweden: Christianity
This article considers spatial and temporal diffusion of Christian values in Sweden and examines the features of the ... ... article describes the transformation of territorial and canonical structure of Christian denominations in Sweden. It is argued that,... ... connection between migration processes in a society and changes in the internal structure of its Christian space.
1. Safronov, S. ... ... Etnopanorama, no. 1—2, pp. 53—61. (In Russ.)
3. Safronov, S. G. 2013, Regional structure and dynamics of contemporary confessional structure ...
Country Competitiveness: an Empirical Study
... policies effectively influence country competitiveness? The aim of this research paper is to analyse country competitiveness empirically,... ... that make countries competitive. This can allow governments to structure their business environment differently, and to elaborate ... ... entrepreneurship.
1. Bergstrand, J. H. 1985, The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some microeconomic Foundations and Empirical ... .... Fedyunina A. A. 2016, Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies, Balt....
Geosituational Modelling of Coastal Marine Systems
The article summarizes years of experience of geosituational modelling of coastal marine systems in the Baltic Sea region and adjacent territories. Kaliningrad universities and academic institutions ... ... forecasting of world dynamics], Moscow, 360 p. (In Russ.)
20. Tupikin, S. N. 2003, The structural analysis of gales in southeast Baltic and the Kaliningrad region. In: Kompleksnoe... ...
25. Chistyakov, V. 2001, Solar activity and climate in XXI century, Reports of the Intern. Workshop on the global change studies in the Far East, Vladivostok, Sept. 7—9...
Geography of inbound tourism and transboundary tourism-and-recreation region-building in Sweden
Sweden’s tourism industry stands out for its large contribution to the development of the national economy. The vast size of the country makes it possible to trace differences ... ... geography from the perspective of the theory of transboundary tourism-and-recreation region building. Interregional differences in the structure of incoming tourist flows help identify the country’s cross-border tourism-and-recreation... ... indicates the degree of development of the latter.
1. Carson, D. A., Carson, D. B. 2018, International lifestyle immigrants and their contributions to rural tourism innovation:...
Political technologies and international conflicts in the information space of the Baltic Sea region
... and the humanities and of the mythologisation of the policies of the regional social structures. The conflict must be urgently resolved, since the political technologies, which cause instability in the information space, damage the reputations of all the states involved. To reconcile the differences that underlie the information conflict in the Baltic region it is necessary to take into account common interests. There is a pressing need... ... efforts in solving the challenging social problems that cannot be overcome without either international cooperation among the countries or effective social partnership.
The Institutional Architecture of Territorial Innovative Systems: Towards a Spatially Targeted Regional Policy
... resources on breakthrough areas, which makes it possible to put local growth points on the international map.
1. Ерзнкян Б. А. О логических основах... ... социология. 2003. № 4 (1). С. 45—63.
11. Ahuja G. Collaboration networks, structural holes, and innovation: A longitudinal study // Administrative Science Quarterly... ... № 45 (3). P. 425—455.
12. Barca F., Mccann P., Rodríguez-Pose A. The case for regional development intervention: Place-based versus place-neutral approaches // J. of Regional Science. 2012. № 52 (1). P. 134—152.
13. Boddy M. Technology, innovation...
The role of transborder cooperation in the increase of innovative potential of the Baltic region
The article aims at analyzing the role of cross-border cooperation in the development of innovation potential of the Baltic Sea Region. The author analyzes the projects in the framework of the Neighborhood Programs implemented in 2000—2006 and related ... ....eu/fp7/understand_en. html (дата обращения: 25.05.2011).
18. European Commission. Regional Policy — Inforegio The Structural Funds 2000—2006. URL: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/funds/prord/sf_en.htm (дата обращения: ...
The effect of railway network evolution on the Kaliningrad region’s landscape environment
This article addresses methodology of modern landscape studies from the perspective of natural and man-made components of a territory. Railway infrastructure is ... ... Kaliningrad railway network is to a great degree the legacy of the earlier, pre-war times. Today, its primary function is to provide international cargo and passenger transportation. Two types of railway infrastructure are identified in the Kaliningrad region – modern (functioning) and relic (abandoned) ones. In the Kaliningrad region, the process of land reclamation of the ...
Transformation of global value chains in Russia and the Baltics amid Covid-19: prospects for regionalization and implications for economic policy
... stagnating bilateral trade contributes little to the development of either side. The Baltics-Russian bilateral trade conducted within ... ... resistant to geopolitical and economic shocks than traditional international trade. In particular, the accession of Estonia, Latvia,... ... Baltics traditionally specialise; (2) as a response to the long-term structural challenges faced by Russia and the Baltics in creating ... ... power. GVC regionalisation will be driven by individual companies, regional (local) governments, and Russian-Baltic cross-border cooperation ...
Key Directions of Sectoral and Spatial Changes in the Russian Industry
This article considers major trends in the spatial and sectoral structure of national production and analyses the patterns of transformation of industrial systems ... ... algorithm of effective transition of Russian industries in the modern conditions of international division of labor. The modernization and transnationalization of national... ... 194—196.
13. Mikhailov, A. 2013, Development of International Clusters in the Baltic Sea Region, Balt. Reg., no. 1, p. 37—46. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2013-1-4.
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
... Development, no. 19, p. 339―358.
37. Porter, M. 2003, The Economic Performance of Regions, Regional Studies, Vol. 37, no. 6—7, p. 549—578.
38. Rugman, A., Verbeke, A. 2003, Multinational Enterprises and Clusters: An Organizing Framework, MIR: Management International Review,Vol. 43, no. 3, p. 151―169.
39. Schenk, K.-E. 2003, Economic institutions and complexity: structures, interactions, and emergent Properties, Edward Elgar Publishing Lim ited... ... Guo, D. 2008, Industrial clusters in the input—output economic system. In: Handbook of Research on Cluster Theory, Edward Elgar, p. 153―168.
41. Steiner, M., Hartmann...
The influence of the sea on the economic development and settlement structure in the Baltic Sea region
Earliest studies into the influence of the sea on the economy and settlement structure date back to the mid-19th century. They became common in the 20th century.... ... understanding that a coastal position has a beneficial effect on the development of regions. Such areas have a denser population and develop more rapidly than inland regions... ... dikhotomiya v mezhdunarodnom i regional'nom razvitii [Continental-oceanic dichotomy in international and regional development], Novosibirsk. (In Russ.)
6. Bondarenko, V. S...
The Baltic Sea Region and the Black Sea Area: Two Pieces of the Same Puzzle
... Vol. 10.
Adjacent Internationalism, The Concept of Solidarity and Post-Cold War Nordic-Baltic Relations, in Cooperation and Conflict // Journal of the Nordic International Studies Association. 2006. Vol. 41.
Buzan B., Wæver O.
Regions and Powers, The structure of International Security.
Le autostrade dell’Artico, in Limes, Rivista italiana di geopolitica, Partita al Polo //
L’Espresso, Supplemento al. 2008. № 3.
of the European Communities, Communication ...
The spatial structure of Baltic Sea ferry services
Ferry service is a transport system of regular routes which links areas separated by water bodies. Sometimes ferries are ... ... Saaremaa. Ferry service is the backbone of cargo and passenger traffic in the Baltic Sea region.
This article aims to describe the spatial structure of the ferry service in the Baltic Sea. To this end, a statistical database... ... is Sweden.
1. Dunlop, G. 2002, The European ferry industry-challenges and changes, International Journal of Transport Management, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 115—116.
Framework for the Analysis of Geography of Transnational Corporations Investments Abroad
This article develops a methodology for studying the geography of companies — an area of human geography that remains understudied i... ... corporations. Special attention is paid to FDI statistics, including international statistics provided by IMF, OECD, and UNCTAD, the ... ... Geography of the Largest Transnational Corporations of Europe, Baltic Region, no. 1, p. 25—35. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2015-1-2.
7. ... ... Tsentral’no-Vostochnoj Jevropy [Transformation of industrial and territorial structure of industry of post-socialist countries of Central and ...
The transnational territorial transport system of the Baltic Region
In this paper we focus on the structure and territorial borders of the Baltic Sea region, and examine the key structural elements of the transnational territorial transport system. In this respect, we clarify ... ... of transnational transportation in the Baltic Sea area. We also identify the main principles of development and operation of international territorial transport systems and present them taking the Baltic Sea region as an example. Our findings, we hope,...
Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
17. Buzan, B., Waever, O. 2003, Regions and Powers. The Structure of International Security, New York, Cambridge University Press.
18. Corbyn’s Nato comments echo flak from Trump and across ... ...
20. Deutsch, K. W., Burrell, S. A., Kann, R. 1957, Political Community and the North Atlantic Area: International Organization in the Light of Historical Experience, Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
21. Krishnadev ...
Network Transformations in Economy
In the context of ever-increasing market competition, networked interactions play ... ... entrepreneurship is increasingly viewed as an effective organizational structure to create a market value embedded in innovative business ... ... category and emphasize certain similarities between Rus sian and international approaches to identifying interactions of economic ... ... 2003.
11. Coe N. M., Yeung H. M., Dicken H. W. Globalizing’ regional development: a GPNs perspective // Transactions of the ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
The concept of “network” is traditionally used in sociological and economic ... ... certain stage of its development comprises the framework of a region as a complex socioeconomic territorial system. The author ... ... struktura hozjajstva i jekonomicheskoe rajonirovanie [The territorial structure of the economy and economic zoning]. In: Shkirina, А.... .... 1998, Industrial complexes revisited, Paper presented at the international Joseph Schumpeter conference, Vienna, Austria, 1998,...
The Kaliningrad Region as a coastal border region of Russia
The article studies the sectoral structure of employment and the gross regional product, the similarities and differences of the region from other bordering coastal regions of Russia through the economic ... ... successfully develop are relatively poorly represented here. Conditioned by objective economic laws, inevitable Russian entry into the international division of labor will contribute to the accelerated development of the Kaliningrad region, as well as other bordering ...
Forecasting Actions of Baltic elites: A Scenario Approach
... IMEMO RAN, Moscow, p. 113—114.
4. Hrustalev, M. A. 2015, Analiz mezhdunarodnyh situacij i politicheskaja jekspertiza [Analysis of the International Situation and Political Expertise], Moscow, p. 39—51.
5. Klemeshev, A. P. Mezhevich, N. M., Fedorov, G. M. 2015, The Baltic Sea Region: The Territory and Inner Structure, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, MCSER Publishing, Rome-ltaly, Vol 6, no. 6, December, p. 212—219.
Russophone immigration to Finland: new forms, trends, and consequences
Until the 1960s, Finland was more often the country of origin than the country of destination. Once a depressed area, it soon turned into a welfare state, becoming with international migrants. Since Finland’s labour market and society are beset with demographic problems, the country gladly accepts ... ... specialists, researchers, business development and IT specialists, and other professionals. For example, Russia-bordering Finnish regions lack upper and middle-level healthcare specialists. The focus of the study is on the professional and socio-demographic structure of labour migration to Finland and the country’s migration policy on the adaptation and integration of Russian-speaking ...
The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of sci¬entific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects
This article analyses approaches to the definition of such categories as “scientific and technological potential” and “innovative potential” in view of their resource, structural, procedural and resultant components. The author gives a more accurate definition of the scientific and technological ... ... Russia and abroad, the author proposes a methodology for evaluating scientific and technological potential in the context of regional and international comparison. The integral index is calculated on the basis of a customised information and statistical database of ...
Current Geodemographic Problems in the European Union and Migration Crisis of the 2010s
... Vol. 143, no. 6, p. 22—29. (In Russ.)
13. Klupt, M. А. 2014, Paradigms and modern demography opposition, Demograficheskoe obozrenie [Demographic Review], Vol. 1, no. 1, p. 34—56. (In Russ.)
14. Klupt, M. А. 2013, Changes in the geographical structure of world production and international migration, Izvestiya Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva [Regional Research of Russia], Vol. 145, no. 5, p. 1—9. (In Russ.)
15. Klupt, M. А. 2015, The center-periphery relations in Europe: demographic aspect, Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [World Economy and International Relations], no. ...
The development of science as a factor in the Kaliningrad region innovative security
The paper examines the role of research institutions in the system of innovation security of the region and highlights vital interests and security threats to the regional innovation ... ... the regional innovation system of the Kaliningrad region, having undergone a major structural adjustment in the 1990s, is currently in its formative stage, and the research... ... 178—187.
28. Mikhaylova A. A., Mikhaylov A. S. Instruments of Innovation Security // International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues. 2015. № 5(2). P. 128—135...
Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
Signing the agreement on local border traffic (LBT) between the Republic of Poland and the Russian Federation was welcomed by experts as an important step towards ... ... regime between the European Union and the Russian Federation often discussed in the international dialogue. The three years of LBT mechanism have shown its practical significance... ... and cultural contacts, cooperation between municipalities and NGOs of the Kaliningrad region and the borderland (Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian) voivodeships of Poland. When considering retail trade as a structural element of economy, it is important to address the differences in the effect...
International cross-border migration in the South-East Baltic: factors, structure, consequences
This article presents the results of an integrated research encompassing both the study of migration processes in the South-East Baltic (volume, structure, directions) and the analysis of factors affecting migration mobility of the population as well as the assessment of ... ... Warsaw, 2009 // Central Statistical Office.[online] Available at: <http://www.stat.gov.pl> (Accessed 26 Oktober 2010).
11. International and foreign migrations (NTS-5, data for years 1995—2009) //Regional data bank of Central Statistical Office. [online] Available at: <http://www.stat.gov.pl/bdren_n/app/strona.indeks> ...
Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
This article analyses certain issues of implementation of Russian energy policy in the Baltic region fr om the geoeconomic perspective. The purpose of the study is to explain Russian ... ... policy is viewed as one of the most important activities of the state and its business structures. As such it aims to achieve both general economic goals (generation of profit... ....1134/S2079970512010054 (accessed 22 March 2013).
3. Zhiznin, S. 2010, Russian energy diplomacy and international energy security (geopolitics and economics), Balt. Reg., no. 1 (3), p...
Eastern Europe. On the centenary of the political project
..., no. 4, p. 42.
22. Mezhevich, N. 2014, Borders and Identity in Theory and Practice of the Eastern Baltic Region, Baltic Region, no. 3, p. 95 – 106.
23. Kuznetsova, Е. 2013, Uskol'zajushhij suverenitet: status-kvo protiv ideo¬lo-gii peremen [Escaping sovereignty: the status quo against the ideology of change], Moscow.
24. Giddens, A. 1991, Sociology, Polity, London.
25. Wildhaber, L. 1986, Sovereignty and International Law. In: Macdo-nald, R. St. J., Douglas M. Johnston (eds.), The Structure and Process of Internatio-nal Law: Essays in Legal Philosophy, Doctrine and Theory, Dordrecht, Netherlands, p. 440—441....